- ADHD Symptoms in Children
- Take the Childhood ADHD Quiz
- Parenting a Child with ADHD
- ADHD FAQs
- Patient Comments: ADHD in Children - Diagnosis
- Patient Comments: ADHD in Children - Symptoms and Signs
- Patient Comments: ADHD in Children - Treatment
- Patient Comments: ADHD in Children - Personal Experience
- Find a local Psychiatrist in your town
- Childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD in children) facts
- What is ADD or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?
- What are risk factors and causes of ADHD in children?
- What are childhood ADHD symptoms and signs?
- How is ADHD assessed? Are there ADHD tests? What types of doctors diagnose and treat ADHD in children?
- What are the treatments for ADHD in children? What are possible side effects of ADHD medications?
- What are complications and the prognosis of ADHD in children?
- Is it possible to prevent ADHD in children?
- What is the latest research on ADHD in children?
- Are there support groups for children with ADHD?
- Where can people find more information on ADHD in children?
Quick GuideADHD Pictures Slideshow: Symptoms in Children
What are risk factors and causes of ADHD in children?
Although there is no single cause for ADHD, there are a number of biological, environmental, and social factors that seem to increase the risk of a person developing the disorder. Brain imaging studies show that the brains of people with ADHD tend to be smaller, the connections between certain parts of the brain are fewer, and the regulation of the neurochemical dopamine tends to be less than in people who do not have the condition.
Risk factors for ADHD that can occur in the womb include maternal stress, smoking during pregnancy and low weight at birth. Being male and having a family history of ADHD increase the likelihood that an individual is diagnosed with ADHD. This illness has also been linked to being exposed to tobacco smoke at home (secondhand smoke) during childhood. Socially, low family income and low paternal education are risk factors for developing ADHD. Behavioral expectations based on the culture of an area, from a school district, town, state, or country can influence how often this diagnosis is made, as well.