- ADHD Symptoms in Children Slideshow Pictures
- Take the ADHD Quiz
- Parenting a Child with ADHD Slideshow
- ADHD FAQs
- Patient Comments: ADHD in Children - Diagnosis
- Patient Comments: ADHD in Children - Symptoms and Signs
- Patient Comments: ADHD in Children - Treatment
- Patient Comments: ADHD in Children - Personal Experience
- Find a local Psychiatrist in your town
- ADD or ADHD in children (childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) facts
- What is the definition of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)? ADD vs. ADHD
- What are the types of ADHD (ADD)?
- Can a child in preschool have ADHD?
- What are risk factors and causes of ADHD in children?
- What are childhood ADHD/ADD symptoms and signs?
- How do health care professionals assess childhood ADHD? Are there ADD or ADHD tests? What types of doctors diagnose ADHD in children?
- What is the treatment for childhood ADHD or ADD? What are possible side effects of ADHD medications for children?
- What are complications and the prognosis of ADHD in children?
- Is it possible to prevent ADHD in children?
- What is the latest research on children with ADHD?
- Are there support groups for children with ADHD?
- Where can people find more information on ADHD in children?
Quick GuideADHD Symptoms in Children
What is the definition of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)? ADD vs. ADHD
What's the difference between ADD and ADHD?
ADHD, formerly called ADD, refers to a mental health condition called attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. People with ADHD (formerly referred to as ADD) have problems with impulse control, excessive activity, and/or distractibility. These symptoms are considered difficulties with what are known as executive functions, the brain functions that are best understood as being the boss or chief executive officer of brain. Examples of executive functioning include planning, prioritizing, disciplining, and controlling what the person does.
Statistics show that up to 7% of children and teens are thought to suffer from this disorder at any time, with up to 11% of children being assigned the diagnosis at some point during their childhood. Health professionals tend to diagnose boys with ADHD in children at a rate of more than twice that of girls. That is thought to be at least partly due to the diagnosis in girls being missed because of gender differences in ADHD symptoms.
What are the types of ADHD (ADD)?
There are three types of ADHD:
- Predominately hyperactive/impulsive
- Predominately inattentive
- Combined presentation (impulsive, inattentive, and hyperactive)
The diagnostic label of ADHD has evolved over time. Difficulties paying attention were described by physician turned children's books author Heinrich Hoffmann in "The Story of Fidgety Philip," a character who had trouble sitting still. While British pediatrician, Sir George Frederic Still, is credited with being the first to describe the whole group of symptoms for what is now known as ADHD, he viewed it to be caused by a problem with moral control. Earlier labels for this illness include hyperkinetic disease, hyperkinetic reaction of childhood, minimal brain damage, and minimal brain dysfunction.
In 1980, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition (DSM-III) formally named attention deficit disorder (ADD), with or without hyperactivity (what is now referred to as ADHD). In 1987, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition, Revised (DSM-III-R) changed from having two subtypes of ADD, renaming the condition attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Then in 1994, DSM-IV described ADHD as having the three subtypes of predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive, and combined types. That labeling was continued in the treatment revision of the manual (DSM-IV-TR) in 2000 and almost completely retained in the latest version of the manual, DSM-V, in 2013.