Addison Disease (cont.)
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What are the signs and symptoms of Addison's disease?
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The symptoms of adrenal insufficiency usually begin gradually. Characteristics of the disease are:
About 50 percent of the time, one will notice:
Other symptoms include:
Addison's disease can cause irritability and depression. Because of salt loss, a craving for salty foods also is common. Hypoglycemia, or low blood glucose, is more severe in children than in adults. In women, menstrual periods may become irregular or stop.
Because the symptoms progress slowly, they are usually ignored until a stressful event like an illness or an accident causes them to become worse. This is called an addisonian crisis, or acute adrenal insufficiency. In most cases, symptoms are severe enough that patients seek medical treatment before a crisis occurs. However, in about 25 percent of patients, symptoms first appear during an addisonian crisis.
Symptoms of an addisonian crisis include:
Left untreated, an addisonian crisis can be fatal.
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