Aches, Pain, Fever Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Aches, Pain, Fever. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Aches, Pain, Fever or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Staph Infection (Staphylococcus Aureus) Staphylococcus or Staph is a group of bacteria that can cause a multitude of diseases. Staph infections can cause illness...learn more »
    In This Article
    Staph Infection (Staphylococcus Aureus) Article
    • Staph infection facts
    • What is Staphylococcus?
    • Who is at risk for Staph infections?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of a Staph infection?
    • What types of diseases are caused by Staph?
    • How are Staph infections diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Staph infections?
    • What is antibiotic-resistant Staph aureus?
    • What are complications of Staph infections?
    • Can Staph infections be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for Staph infections?
  • Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension) Low blood pressure, also referred to as hypotension, is blood pressure that is so low that it causes symptoms or signs due to the...learn more »
  • Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or urethra. E. coli, a type of bacteria that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) Article
    • What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)?
    • What causes a urinary tract infection?
    • What are urinary tract infection symptoms and signs?
    • When should people seek medical care for a UTI?
    • How do physicians diagnose a urinary tract infection?
    • Are there home remedies for a urinary tract infection?
    • What is the treatment for a urinary tract infection?
    • What follow-up is needed for a urinary tract infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent a urinary tract infection?
    • What is the prognosis of a urinary tract infection?
  • Swollen Lymph Nodes Lymph nodes help the body's immune system fight infections. Causes of swollen lymph nodes (glands) may include infection (viral,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Swollen Lymph Nodes Article
    • Swollen lymph nodes facts
    • What are lymph nodes?
    • Where are the lymph nodes located in the body?
    • Picture of lymph nodes located in the body
    • What are the causes of swollen lymph nodes?
    • What are the symptoms of swollen lymph nodes?
    • How are swollen lymph nodes diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for swollen lymph nodes?
    • When should I see the doctor for swollen lymph nodes?
    • What are the common lymph nodes that may become swollen?
    • What are the complications of swollen lymph nodes?
  • Cellulitis Cellulitis is an acute spreading bacterial infection below the surface of the skin characterized by redness, warmth,...learn more »
  • Kidney Stones Kidney stones are solid masses of crystalline material that form in the kidneys. Symptoms of kidney stones can include pain,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kidney Stones Article
    • What is a kidney stone?
    • What causes kidney stones?
    • What are the different types of kidney stones?
    • Who is at risk for kidney stones?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of kidney stones?
    • How are kidney stones diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for kidney stones?
    • What is the prognosis for kidney stones?
    • Can kidney stones be prevented?
  • Heat Rash Heat rash is a skin irritation caused by excessive sweating. It can occur at any age and it appears as a rash that itches or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heat Rash Article
    • Heat rash facts
    • What is heat rash?
    • What are the causes of heat rash?
    • What are the symptoms of heat rash in children and adults?
    • Who is at risk for heat rash?
    • What does heat rash look like?
    • Heat rash pictures
    • How is heat rash diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heat rash?
    • Home remedies for heat rash
    • Medical treatment for heat rash
    • How can heat rash be prevented?
    • How effective are electric fans in preventing heat rash?
    • How can people protect their health when temperatures are extremely high?
    • How much water should I drink in hot weather?
    • Should I take salt tablets during hot weather?
    • What is the best clothing for hot weather or a heat wave?
    • What is the prognosis for heat rash?
  • Boils A boil is a skin abscess, a collection of pus localized deep in the skin. There are several different types of boils. Among them...learn more »
    In This Article
    Boils Article
    • Boils facts
    • What is a boil? What are the symptoms and signs of a boil?
    • What causes boils to form?
    • Who is most likely to get a boil?
    • How are boils diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a boil?
    • When should I seek medical attention for a boil?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for a boil?
    • What can be done to prevent boils (abscesses)?
  • Sinus Infection (Sinusitis) Sinus infection (sinusitis) signs and symptoms include headache, fever, and facial tenderness, pressure, or pain. Treatments of...learn more »
  • MRSA MRSA (methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus) bacteria causes skin infections with the following signs and symptoms:...learn more »
    In This Article
    MRSA Article
    • MRSA infections facts
    • What is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)?
    • What does a MRSA infection look like?
    • What are the risk factors for MRSA infections?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a MRSA infection?
    • How is a MRSA infection transmitted or spread?
    • How is a MRSA infection diagnosed?
    • How should caregivers treat MRSA patients at home?
    • What is the treatment for a MRSA infection?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) of a MRSA infection?
    • How can people prevent a MRSA infection?
    • What are the potential complications of a MRSA infection?
    • What is a "superbug"?
    • Where are other MRSA information sources?
  • Hand Foot and Mouth Disease Hand-foot-and-mouth syndrome is clinical pattern consisting of a rash on the hands and feet, and in the mouth....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hand Foot and Mouth Disease Article
    • Hand foot and mouth (HFM) disease facts
    • What is hand foot and mouth (HFM) disease?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of hand foot and mouth disease?
    • What causes hand foot and mouth disease?
    • How is hand foot and mouth disease spread?
    • What is the incubation period for hand foot and mouth disease?
    • When does hand foot and mouth disease usually occur?
    • How does hand foot and mouth disease affect pregnancy and the baby?
    • What is the course of hand foot and mouth disease?
    • Why haven't we heard more about hand foot and mouth disease?
    • How is hand foot and mouth disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hand foot and mouth disease?
  • Thrush (Oral Candidiasis) Thrush is an infection of the mouth caused by the candida fungus. Symptoms of Thrush include pain or difficulty swallowing, a...learn more »
  • Coxsackie Virus Coxsackie viruses may be divided into two groups. Type A causes hand, foot, and mouth disease and conjunctivitis, while type B...learn more »
    In This Article
    Coxsackie Virus Article
    • Coxsackie virus facts
    • What is coxsackie virus?
    • What are the types of coxsackie viruses, and what can they cause?
    • What are coxsackie virus infection symptoms and signs?
    • How do people get infected with coxsackie virus?
    • What are the risk factors for coxsackie virus infection?
    • How do coxsackie infections get diagnosed?
    • Is there any treatment for coxsackie virus infection?
    • Can coxsackie virus infections be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of a coxsackie virus infection?
  • Lyme Disease Lyme disease is a bacterial illness, which is spread by ticks when they bite the skin. Initially the disease affects the skin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lyme Disease Article
    • Lyme disease facts
    • What is Lyme disease? What causes Lyme disease?
    • What is the history of Lyme disease?
    • What are risk factors for developing Lyme disease?
    • What are symptoms and signs of Lyme disease?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose Lyme disease?
    • What is the treatment for Lyme disease, and what is its prognosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent Lyme disease? Is there a vaccine?
  • Upper Respiratory Tract Infection An upper respiratory infection is a contagious infection of the structures of the upper respiratory tract, which includes the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Upper Respiratory Tract Infection Article
    • Upper respiratory infection facts
    • What is an upper respiratory infection?
    • Is an upper respiratory infection contagious?
    • What are the causes of upper respiratory infection?
    • What are the risk factors for upper respiratory infection?
    • What are the symptoms of upper respiratory infection?
    • When should you seek medical care for upper respiratory infection?
    • How is an upper respiratory infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for upper respiratory infection?
    • What are some of the home remedies for upper respiratory infection?
    • What are some data on alternative therapies in treating upper respiratory infections?
    • What are the complications of an upper respiratory infection?
    • Can an upper respiratory infection be prevented?
    • What is the outlook for a patient suffering from an upper respiratory infection?
  • Infectious Mononucleosis Infectious mononucleosis is a virus infection in which there is an increase of white blood cells that are mononuclear (with a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Infectious Mononucleosis Article
    • Infectious mononucleosis (mono) facts
    • What is infectious mononucleosis?
    • What is the cause of mono?
    • What are risk factors for mono?
    • How is mono transmitted or spread?
    • What are the symptoms of mono?
    • What are the signs of mono?
    • How is mono diagnosed?
    • What is the usual course and treatment of mono?
    • What are the complications of mono?
    • How can mono be prevented?
    • Conclusion
  • Mold Mold exposure may cause symptoms in people who are sensitive to molds. Symptoms of mold allergy include sneezing, runny nose,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mold Article
    • Mold facts
    • What is mold?
    • Where can mold be found in homes?
    • What kinds of health problems may be linked to mold? What are symptoms and signs of mold allergy?
    • How can mold in the household be prevented?
    • Is it necessary to test for mold?
    • How should mold be cleaned up and eliminated?
  • Dehydration Dehydration is the excessive loss of body water. There are a number of causes of dehydration including heat exposure, prolonged...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dehydration Article
    • Dehydration facts
    • What is dehydration?
    • What causes dehydration?
    • Dehydration pictures
    • What are the signs and symptoms of dehydration?
    • What about dehydration in children?
    • How is dehydration diagnosed?
    • How is dehydration treated?
    • Can I treat dehydration at home?
    • What are the complications of dehydration?
    • How can dehydration be prevented?
  • Dizziness Dizziness is a symptom that is often applies to a variety of sensations including lightheadedness and vertigo. Causes of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dizziness Article
    • Dizziness facts
    • Introduction to dizziness (feeling dizzy)
    • What are some common causes of dizziness?
    • Low blood pressure
    • Postural or orthostatic hypotension
    • High blood pressure
    • Diabetes
    • Endocrine diseases
    • Hyperventilation
    • Heart conditions
    • Vasovagal syncope
    • Dizziness and vertigo
    • What are the symptoms experienced when a person feels dizzy?
    • When should I call the doctor for dizziness?
    • How is dizziness diagnosed?
    • How is dizziness/vertigo diagnosed?
    • How is dizziness treated?
  • Ticks Ticks are known transmitters of disease to humans and animals. Tick-borne diseases include Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ticks Article
    • Tick facts
    • What are ticks?
    • What are tick bite symptoms and signs?
    • What diseases do ticks transmit (act as vectors) to humans?
    • How is a tick bite diagnosed?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of diseases transmitted by ticks?
    • What is the treatment for a tick bite?
    • How is a tick removed from the skin?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for people who get a tick bite?
    • What are the risk factors for tick bites?
    • How are bites from ticks prevented?
    • Where can I find more information about ticks?
  • Sepsis Sepsis (blood poisoning) is a potentially deadly infection with signs and symptoms that include elevated heart rate, low or high...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sepsis Article
    • Sepsis (blood poisoning) facts
    • What is blood poisoning?
    • What is sepsis?
    • Why are there so many diseases with "sepsis," "septic," "septicemia," or "blood poisoning" in their name?
    • What causes sepsis?
    • What are the risk factors for sepsis?
    • What are the signs or symptoms of sepsis (blood poisoning)?
    • How is sepsis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sepsis?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) with sepsis?
    • What are the complications of sepsis?
    • How can sepsis be prevented?
    • What are some additional sources for information on sepsis?
  • Roseola Roseola is a viral illness that most commonly affects young children. Symptoms and signs include a sudden high fever that lasts...learn more »
    In This Article
    Roseola Article
    • Roseola facts
    • What is roseola?
    • What virus causes roseola?
    • How is roseola spread?
    • What are roseola symptoms and signs?
    • How is the diagnosis of roseola established?
    • How high can the fever go with roseola?
    • What is the treatment for the fever of roseola?
    • Can the fever cause a seizure?
    • Is a seizure due to fever dangerous?
    • What should I do if my child with roseola has a seizure?
    • Is there a rash with roseola?
    • What is most remarkable characteristic of roseola?
    • What is the course of roseola?
    • Are there any complications of roseola?
    • Should I take my child to the doctor with roseola?
    • When can the child return to child care?
    • Is it possible to prevent roseola?
    • What is the prognosis for a child with roseola?
    • Are there other names for roseola?
  • Anxiety Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by physical symptoms. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anxiety Article
    • Generalized anxiety disorder facts
    • What is generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)?
    • What are the different types of anxiety?
    • How common is generalized anxiety disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for anxiety?
    • What are anxiety symptoms and signs?
    • How is generalized anxiety disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for anxiety?
    • What are the side effects of anxiety medications?
    • What are complications of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Is it possible to prevent anxiety?
    • What is the prognosis of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Are there support groups for those with generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Where can people find additional information on generalized anxiety disorder?
  • Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease) Ebola hemorrhagic fever (HF) is an often-fatal disease that causes fever, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, sore throat, stomach...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease) Article
    • Ebola hemorrhagic fever (Ebola virus disease) facts
    • What is Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What is the history of Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What causes Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What are risk factors for Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What are Ebola virus disease symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What is the treatment for Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What are complications of Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What is the prognosis of Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent Ebola hemorrhagic fever? Is there a vaccine for Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What is the latest research on Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
  • Spider Bites (Including Black Widow and Brown Recluse) The majority of spiders in the United States are harmless. Two exceptions include the black widow spider and the brown recluse...learn more »
    In This Article
    Spider Bites (Including Black Widow and Brown Recluse) Article
    • Spider bites facts
    • What are the symptoms of spider bites?
    • Black widow spider bite symptoms (picture of black widow)
    • Brown recluse spider bite symptoms (picture of brown recluse spider)
    • Are spider bites dangerous?
    • What should you do if you are bitten by a spider?
    • What should you do if you are bitten by a black widow or brown recluse spider?
  • Hair Loss There are many causes of scalp hair loss. This featured article covers the common ones such as patchy hair loss (alopecia areata,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hair Loss Article
    • Hair loss facts
    • What are causes of hair loss?
    • How do physicians classify hair loss?
    • What is alopecia areata?
    • What is traction alopecia?
    • What is trichotillomania?
    • What is tinea capitis?
    • What is generalized (diffuse) hair loss?
    • What is telogen effluvium?
    • What is androgenetic or androgenic alopecia ("male-pattern baldness," "female-pattern baldness")?
    • What treatment is there for hair loss in men?
    • What other options do people have for hair loss?
    • Is hair loss in women different than men?
    • What about pregnancy hair loss?
    • What specific treatments are there for hair loss in women?
    • What vitamins are good for hair loss?
    • Can itchy scalp cause hair loss?
    • How do people prevent hair loss?
  • Strep Throat Strep throat (Group A, beta hemolytic, streptococcus pyogene, GAS) bacterial infection of the throat. Signs and symptoms of strep...learn more »
    In This Article
    Strep Throat Article
    • What is strep throat and what causes strep throat?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of strep throat?
    • Are the signs and symptoms of strep throat different in various age groups?
    • Is strep throat contagious?
    • How is the diagnosis of strep throat established?
    • What are home remedies, OTC, and medical treatments for strep throat?
    • What are the potential complications of strep throat?
    • How can I prevent contracting strep throat?
    • Strep throat facts
  • Laryngitis Laryngitis is an inflammation of the voice box (vocal cords). The most common cause of acute laryngitis is infection, which...learn more »
    In This Article
    Laryngitis Article
    • Laryngitis facts
    • What is laryngitis?
    • What causes laryngitis?
    • What are the symptoms of laryngitis?
    • Symptoms of laryngitis in adults
    • Symptoms of laryngitis in infants and children
    • Is laryngitis contagious?
    • How is laryngitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for laryngitis?
    • Are there any home remedies for laryngitis?
    • What are the complications of laryngitis?
  • Lupus Systemic lupus erythematosus is a condition characterized by chronic inflammation of body tissues caused by autoimmune disease....learn more »
    In This Article
    Lupus Article
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus facts
    • What is systemic lupus erythematosus? What are the types of lupus?
    • What causes systemic lupus erythematosus? Is lupus hereditary?
    • What is drug-induced lupus?
    • What are lupus symptoms and signs?
    • How is systemic lupus erythematosus diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for systemic lupus?
    • How can a lupus patient help prevent disease activity (flares)?
    • How can systemic lupus erythematosus affect pregnancy or the newborn?
    • What is the prognosis of lupus? What does the future hold for people with systemic lupus?
    • Where can one get more information about systemic lupus erythematosus?
  • Abscessed Tooth An abscessed tooth is an infection within a tooth that has spread to the root. Symptoms of an abscessed tooth may include pain,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Abscessed Tooth Article
    • What is an abscessed tooth?
    • What causes an abscessed tooth?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of an abscessed tooth?
    • How is an abscessed tooth diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for an abscessed tooth?
    • What is the prognosis for an abscessed tooth?
    • Are home remedies effective for an abscessed tooth?
    • Can an abscessed tooth be prevented?
  • Gout (Gouty Arthritis) Buildup of uric acid crystals in a joint causes gouty arthritis. Symptoms and signs include joint pain, swelling, heat, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gout (Gouty Arthritis) Article
    • Gout facts
    • What is gout?
    • What causes gout?
    • What are risk factors for gout?
    • What are symptoms and signs of gout?
    • How is gout diagnosed?
    • When should gout be treated?
    • What is the treatment for gout?
    • Do gout medications have any side effects?
    • What foods should people with gout avoid?
    • What complications are associated with gout?
    • What is the prognosis of gout?
    • Is it possible to prevent gout?
    • What research is being done on gout?
  • Bronchitis (Acute) Bronchitis is inflammation of the airways in the lung. Acute bronchitis is is short in duration (10 to 20 days) in comparison...learn more »
  • Group B Strep Group B strep are bacteria called Streptococcus agalactiae that may sometimes cause infections both in a pregnant woman and her...learn more »
    In This Article
    Group B Strep Article
    • Group B strep facts
    • What is group B strep?
    • What causes group B strep infection?
    • How is group B strep transmitted?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of group B strep infection?
    • How is group B strep infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for group B strep infection?
    • What are the complications of group B strep infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent group B strep infection?
  • Knee Bursitis Bursitis of the knee results when any of the three fluid-filled sacs (bursae) become inflamed due to injury or strain. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Knee Bursitis Article
    • Knee bursitis facts
    • What is bursitis?
    • What is knee bursitis?
    • What are causes of knee bursitis?
    • What are knee bursitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is knee bursitis diagnosed?
    • How is prepatellar bursitis of the knee treated? Are there home remedies for knee bursitis?
    • What about the other knee bursae?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) of knee bursitis?
    • Can knee bursitis be prevented?
  • Dengue Fever Dengue fever is contracted from the bite of a striped Aedes aegypti mosquito. Symptoms of dengue include headache, fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dengue Fever Article
    • Dengue fever facts
    • What is dengue fever?
    • What geographic areas are at high risk for contracting dengue fever?
    • How is dengue fever contracted?
    • What are dengue fever symptoms and signs?
    • How is dengue fever diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for dengue fever?
    • What is the prognosis for typical dengue fever?
    • What is dengue hemorrhagic fever?
    • How can dengue fever be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information on dengue fever?
  • Gallbladder Pain (Gall Bladder Pain) Gallbladder pain is generally produced by of five problems, biliary colic, cholecystitis, gallstones, and pancreatitis. Causes of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gallbladder Pain (Gall Bladder Pain) Article
    • Gallbladder pain definition
    • What are the causes of gallbladder pain?
    • What is biliary colic?
    • What are the symptoms associated with gallbladder pain?
    • How is the cause of gallbladder pain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of gallbladder pain?
    • Home remedies
    • What are the complications of gallbladder pain?
  • Kidney Cancer There are several types of kidney cancer, including renal cell cancer (renal adenocarcinoma or hypernephroma), transitional cell...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kidney Cancer Article
    • Kidney cancer facts*
    • What are the kidneys?
    • What is cancer?
    • What are kidney cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are kidney cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is kidney cancer diagnosed?
    • How is kidney cancer staging determined?
    • Methods of kidney cancer treatment
    • What are the side effects of treatment for kidney cancer?
    • What happens after treatment for kidney cancer?
    • What does the future hold in the field of kidney cancer?
    • What resources are there for patients with kidney cancer?
  • Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is cancer of the lymphatic system, a vital part of the body's immune system. Symptoms include swollen...learn more »
    In This Article
    Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Article
    • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma facts
    • What is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What causes non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are risk factors for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are symptoms and signs of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • How is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma diagnosed?
    • What are the types of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and how is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What is the prognosis and survival rates of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Where can people find more information about non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
  • Hiccups Hiccups are a sudden, involuntary contraction of the diaphragm muscle. In general hiccups are just a temporary condition. Some of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hiccups Article
    • Hiccup facts
    • What are hiccups?
    • What causes hiccups?
    • What are the symptoms of hiccups?
    • When should I contact my doctor for hiccups?
    • How are hiccups diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment or cure for hiccups?
    • Are there any complications of hiccups?
    • Can hiccups be prevented?
  • Clostridium Difficile Colitis (Antibiotic-Associated Colitis, C. difficile colitis) Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a bacterium, and is one of the most common causes of infection of the colon. C. difficile...learn more »
    In This Article
    Clostridium Difficile Colitis (Antibiotic-Associated Colitis, C. difficile colitis) Article
    • Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) facts
    • What is Clostridium difficile (C. difficile?)
    • What Clostridium difficile colitis?
    • How does Clostridium difficile cause colitis?
    • What are the symptoms of Clostridium difficile colitis?
    • Which antibiotics cause Clostridium difficile colitis?
    • How is Clostridium difficile colitis diagnosed?
    • How is Clostridium difficile colitis treated?
    • Why are there relapses of Clostridium difficile colitis?
    • How are relapses of Clostridium difficile colitis treated?
    • What is new in Clostridium difficile?
  • Sarcoidosis Sarcoidosis, a disease resulting from chronic inflammation, causes small lumps (granulomas) to develop in a great range of body...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sarcoidosis Article
    • Sarcoidosis facts
    • What is sarcoidosis?
    • What are symptoms of sarcoidosis?
    • Who gets sarcoidosis?
    • What we know about sarcoidosis
    • Some things we don't know about sarcoidosis
    • How is sarcoidosis diagnosed?
    • What are some signs and symptoms that suggest possible sarcoidosis?
    • What do laboratory tests show?
    • How is sarcoidosis treated?
    • Living with sarcoidosis
    • Where can a person find more information on sarcoidosis?
  • Herpangina Herpangina is a contagious illness often seen in children. It is caused by an enterovirus. Coxsackie virus is the most common...learn more »
    In This Article
    Herpangina Article
    • Herpangina facts
    • What is herpangina?
    • What causes herpangina?
    • What are herpangina symptoms and signs?
    • How is herpangina diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for herpangina?
    • What is the prognosis for herpangina?
    • What is the difference between herpangina and hand foot and mouth disease?
    • Can herpangina be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about herpangina?
  • Osteomyelitis Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone. Potential causes include injections around the bone, fractures that puncture the skin,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteomyelitis Article
    • Osteomyelitis facts
    • What is osteomyelitis?
    • What causes osteomyelitis?
    • What are osteomyelitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is osteomyelitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for osteomyelitis?
    • What is the prognosis for osteomyelitis?
  • Heart Murmur A heart murmur is the sound generated when blood flow within the heart is not smooth. Causes of heart murmurs can be functional,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Murmur Article
    • Heart murmur facts
    • What is a heart murmur?
    • What causes a heart murmur?
    • What are the risk factors for heart murmur?
    • What are the symptoms of a heart murmur?
    • When should I seek medical care for a heart murmur?
    • How is a heart murmur diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a heart murmur?
    • What are the complications of a heart murmur?
    • Can a heart murmur be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for a patient with a heart murmur?
  • Mercury Poisoning Mercury is a naturally occurring element found in water, soil, and the air. Mercury is also contained in some fish, some of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mercury Poisoning Article
    • Mercury poisoning facts*
    • Mercury introduction
    • General information about mercury and mercury exposure
    • What are the health effects and symptoms of mercury exposure or poisoning?
    • What about mercury in batteries?
    • What about mercury in dental amalgam?
    • What about mercury in fish?
    • What about mercury in fluorescent light bulbs?
    • What about thimerosal in vaccines?
    • What about mercury in thermometers for fever?
    • What about mercury in recycling and waste disposal?
    • How are mercury spills cleaned up?
    • What are more mercury-containing products?
    • How can I find out about mercury exposure where I live?
  • Multiple Myeloma Multiple myeloma is a form of cancer that develops in plasma cells, the white blood cells that make antibodies. Symptoms include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Multiple Myeloma Article
    • What is multiple myeloma?
    • What causes multiple myeloma?
    • What are risk factors for multiple myeloma?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of multiple myeloma?
    • How is multiple myeloma diagnosed?
    • What are the stages of multiple myeloma?
    • What is the treatment for multiple myeloma?
    • What is the prognosis for multiple myeloma?
    • What support systems are available for multiple myeloma?
  • Tongue Problems There are a variety of diseases and conditions that can cause tongue problems, discoloration, and soreness. Though most tongue...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tongue Problems Article
    • Tongue basics
    • What are common tongue problems?
    • What causes tongue problems?
    • What are the treatments for tongue problems?
    • White tongue
    • Red tongue
    • Black tongue
    • Increased size/swelling
    • Abnormalities of the tongue surface
    • Growths
    • Pain
    • Taste
    • Tongue movement
    • What are common tongue problems in infants and children?
    • What are common tongue problems in pregnancy?
    • How are tongue problems diagnosed?
    • What is the prognosis for tongue problems?
    • Can tongue problems be prevented?
  • Necrotizing Fasciitis Necrotizing fasciitis is also known as a flesh-eating bacterial infection, Fournier's gangrene, suppurative fasciitis, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Necrotizing Fasciitis Article
    • Necrotizing fasciitis (flesh-eating disease) facts
    • What is necrotizing fasciitis?
    • Do different types of necrotizing fasciitis exist?
    • What causes necrotizing fasciitis?
    • What are necrotizing fasciitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is necrotizing fasciitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for necrotizing fasciitis?
    • How is necrotizing fasciitis prevented? Is necrotizing fasciitis contagious?
    • Who is at risk to get necrotizing fasciitis?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for patients with necrotizing fasciitis? What are complications of necrotizing fasciitis?
    • What are some additional sources of information on necrotizing fasciitis?
  • E. coli (0157:H7) There are many types of E. coli (Escherichia coli ). Pathogenic E. coli can cause urinary tract and bladder infections, or lead...learn more »
    In This Article
    E. coli (0157:H7) Article
    • E. coli Facts
    • What is E. coli?
    • What is E. coli 0157:H7?
    • Is E. coli 0157:H7 contagious?
    • What are the symptoms of E. coli 0157:H7 infections?
    • How is a E. coli 0157:H7 infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for E. coli 0157:H7?
    • What are the complications of infection with E. coli 0157:H7?
    • How do people contract E. coli 0157:H7 infections?
    • E. coli 0157:H7 and prevention of outbreaks
    • Other enterohemorrhagic E. coli strains (for example, 0145, 026:H11, 0104:H4 and 0121)
  • Mumps Mumps is an acute viral illness caused by the mumps virus. Symptoms of mumps include fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mumps Article
    • Mumps facts
    • What is mumps?
    • What is the history of mumps?
    • What causes mumps? How is mumps transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for contracting mumps?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of mumps in children and adults?
    • How is mumps diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for mumps in adults and in children?
    • What are complications of mumps?
    • Can mumps be prevented? Is there a vaccine for mumps?
    • What is the prognosis of a mumps infection?
    • Where can people find more information on mumps?
  • Typhoid Fever Typhoid fever is an illness caused by the Salmonella typhi bacteria. The illness is contracted by ingesting the bacteria in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Typhoid Fever Article
    • Typhoid fever facts
    • What is typhoid fever? What is the history of typhoid fever?
    • How do patients get typhoid fever?
    • How do the bacteria cause disease, and how is it diagnosed?
    • What are typhoid fever symptoms?
    • What is the treatment for typhoid fever, and what is the prognosis?
    • Can typhoid fever be prevented?
  • Urinary Tract Infections in Children Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are very common in children. Symptoms and signs include fever and abdominal pain. Associated...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Tract Infections in Children Article
    • Urinary tract infection (UTI) facts
    • What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)?
    • What causes urinary tract infections in children?
    • What are symptoms and signs of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children?
    • How are UTIs in children diagnosed?
    • How long do UTIs in children last?
    • Are UTIs in children contagious?
    • Are there any home remedies for UTIs in children?
    • What is the treatment for UTIs in children?
    • Can UTIs in children be prevented?
  • Croup Croup is a contagious viral infection that affects children's respiratory system. Symptoms include a barking cough, stridor,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Croup Article
    • Croup facts
    • What is croup? What causes croup?
    • Is croup contagious?
    • What are croup symptoms?
    • What is the treatment for croup?
    • What warning signs should parents look for with croup?
  • Meningitis Encephalitis is a brain inflammation that causes sudden fever, vomiting, headache, light sensitivity, stiff neck and back,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Meningitis Article
    • Encephalitis and meningitis facts
    • What is encephalitis?
    • What causes encephalitis?
    • What are encephalitis symptoms and signs?
    • What is meningitis?
    • What causes meningitis?
    • What are meningitis symptoms and signs?
    • What is encephalomyelitis?
    • How are encephalitis and meningitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of encephalitis and meningitis?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with encephalitis or meningitis?
    • Is meningitis contagious?
    • Can meningitis be prevented?
  • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a virus that is spread from person to person via spit, semen, vaginal secretions, urine, blood, sexual...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Article
    • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection facts
    • What is cytomegalovirus (CMV)?
    • What causes cytomegalovirus infection?
    • What are the risk factors for cytomegalovirus infection?
    • How is cytomegalovirus transmitted?
    • What are cytomegalovirus symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose cytomegalovirus infection?
    • What is the treatment for cytomegalovirus infection?
    • What is the prognosis of cytomegalovirus infection?
    • What are complications of cytomegalovirus infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent cytomegalovirus infection? Is there a CMV vaccine?
  • Sunburn (Sun Poisoning) Sunburn is caused by overexposure to UV radiation from the sun. UV rays can also damage the eyes. Repeated overexposure to UV...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sunburn (Sun Poisoning) Article
    • Sunburn facts
    • What is sunburn?
    • Can sunburn cause permanent damage?
    • What is UV light and where are UV rays most intense?
    • Why does the skin tan after exposure to UV rays?
    • What are the symptoms of sunburn?
    • What are the symptoms of severe sunburn (sun poisoning)?
    • Sunburn pictures
    • What first-aid measures should be taken with sunburn?
    • What is the treatment for sunburn?
    • Are there any home remedies to treat sunburn?
    • Is a follow-up visit with a physician necessary?
    • Who is most susceptible to sunburn?
    • Can diseases cause a heightened sensitivity to UV rays?
    • Can medications increase sensitivity to sunburn?
    • What kinds of skin cancer can UV rays cause?
    • How can sunburn and skin cancer be prevented?
    • How do sunscreens work?
    • What is SPF?
    • What is the best way to apply sunscreen?
    • Do sunscreens expire?
    • Can antioxidants protect against sunburn?
  • Swine Flu Novel H1N1 influenza A virus infection (swine flu) is an infection that generally is transferred from an infected pig to a human,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Swine Flu Article
    • Swine flu (H1N1 and H3N2v influenza virus) facts
    • What is the swine flu?
    • What causes swine flu?
    • Why is swine flu now infecting humans?
    • What are the symptoms of swine flu?
    • How is swine flu diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for swine flu?
    • What is the history of swine flu?
    • What are the risk factors for swine flu?
    • Can swine flu be prevented with a vaccine?
    • Can swine flu be prevented if the a flu vaccine (or other flu strain vaccine) is not readily available?
    • Was swine flu (H1N1) a cause of an epidemic or pandemic in the 2009-2010 flu season?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) and complications for patients who get swine flu?
    • Where can I find more information about swine flu?
  • Trichinosis Trichinosis is a food-borne disease caused by ingesting parasites (roundworms) in undercooked pork or wild-game meat. Symptoms of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Trichinosis Article
    • Trichinosis facts
    • What is trichinosis?
    • What are symptoms of trichinosis?
    • What causes trichinosis?
    • What is the history and life cycle of trichinosis?
    • How is trichinosis diagnosed?
    • How is trichinosis treated?
    • Are there complications associated with trichinosis?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with trichinosis?
    • What are the risk factors for getting trichinosis?
    • Is trichinosis a common disease?
    • Is it possible to prevent trichinosis?
    • Where can I get more information on trichinosis?
  • Toxoplasmosis Toxoplasmosis (toxo) is a parasitic infection that causes flulike symptoms, swollen lymph nodes, and muscle aches and pains that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Toxoplasmosis Article
    • Toxoplasmosis facts
    • What is toxoplasmosis?
    • What is the cause of toxoplasmosis?
    • What factors increase the risk of acquiring toxo?
    • What are the usual symptoms of toxoplasmosis?
    • Why do some people develop severe problems from toxo?
    • Can toxoplasmosis develop into a more serious illness in babies?
    • What is meant by a baby developing "a more severe case of toxo"?
    • How is toxo diagnosed in the lab?
    • How can toxoplasmosis be prevented?
    • Am I able to keep my cat?
    • Once infected with toxo, is my cat always able to spread the infection to me?
    • What is the treatment for toxoplasmosis?
    • What is the prognosis for toxoplasmosis?
  • Teething Teething in babies typically starts between 4 and 10 months of age. Symptoms and signs of cutting teeth include rash, drooling,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teething Article
    • Teething facts
    • What is teething?
    • When do babies start teething?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of teething?
    • What is the order of tooth eruption in infants?
    • How long does teething last?
    • When should I call the pediatrician?
    • What medications are used to treat teething pain?
    • What home remedies provide relief for teething pain?
    • How do I care for my baby's new teeth?
    • When should my child see the dentist?
  • Norovirus Infection Norovirus infection causes stomach flu, or gastroenteritis. It's a very contagious illness with symptoms that include nausea and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Norovirus Infection Article
    • Norovirus infection facts
    • What is a norovirus?
    • What causes a norovirus infection?
    • What are norovirus infection symptoms and signs in adults, children, and babies?
    • What is the incubation period for a norovirus infection? How long are people infected with norovirus contagious?
    • How is a norovirus infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for norovirus infections in adults, children, and babies?
    • What are possible complications of a norovirus infection?
    • What is the prognosis of a norovirus infection?
    • Can norovirus infections be prevented? Is there a vaccine?
    • Where can people get more information about norovirus infections?
  • Rotavirus Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe diarrhea among infants and children throughout the world. Almost all children have...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rotavirus Article
    • Rotavirus infection facts
    • What is rotavirus?
    • What causes rotavirus infection?
    • What are risk factors for rotavirus infection?
    • What are rotavirus symptoms and signs?
    • How is rotavirus spread?
    • How is rotavirus diagnosed?
    • How is rotavirus treated?
    • What is the prognosis of rotavirus infection?
    • Can rotavirus infection be prevented with a vaccine? Are any side effects associated with the rotavirus vaccine?
  • Hodgkin's Disease Hodgkin's disease is a cancer of the lymphatic system with symptoms that include unexplained, recurring fevers, unexplained...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hodgkin's Disease Article
    • Hodgkin's lymphoma facts*
    • What is the lymph system?
    • What is Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are the types of Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • How is the staging determined for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are the stages of Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What is the treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Who are the doctor's who treat Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • How do people get a second opinion for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Clinical trials for treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Chemotherapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Targeted therapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Radiation therapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Stem cell transplantation for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Nutrition during cancer treatment
    • What is the follow-up care after treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What other support is available for cancer patients?
  • Bone Cancer Bone cancer is a rare type of cancer that occurs in cells that make up the bones. Primary bone cancer that arises in bone cells...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bone Cancer Article
    • What is bone cancer? What is metastatic bone cancer?
    • Who is at risk for bone cancer?
    • What causes bone cancer?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of bone cancer?
    • What are the different types of bone cancer?
    • What kinds of bone cancer occur in children?
    • What tests are used to diagnose bone cancer?
    • What is the treatment for bone cancer?
    • How is bone cancer pain managed?
    • What is the prognosis for bone cancer?
    • Can bone cancer be prevented?
  • Orthostatic Hypotension Orthostatic hypotension symptoms include lightheadedness, weakness, blurred vision, and syncope or passing out. Causes of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Orthostatic Hypotension Article
    • Orthostatic hypotension facts
    • What is orthostatic hypotension?
    • What causes orthostatic hypotension?
    • What are the risk factors for orthostatic hypotension?
    • What are the symptoms of orthostatic hypotension?
    • When should I call the doctor for orthostatic hypotension?
    • How is orthostatic hypotension diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for orthostatic hypotension?
    • What are the complications of orthostatic hypotension?
    • How can orthostatic hypotension be prevented?
  • Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infection is the most common type of infection acquired by patients while hospitalized....learn more »
    In This Article
    Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) Article
    • Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) facts
    • What are vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)?
    • What causes a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • What are risk factors for vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infections?
    • How are vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) transmitted?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • How do physicians diagnose vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infections?
    • What is the treatment for a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • What is the prognosis of a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal (VRE) infection?
    • What are the complications of VRE infections?
    • Is it possible to prevent vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infections?
    • What precautions should people take when tending to someone with a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal infection?
    • What research is being done on vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)?
    • Where can people find more information on vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infections?
  • Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH or enlarged prostate) is very common in men over 50 years of age. This noncancerous enlargement...learn more »
    In This Article
    Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Article
    • Benign prostatic hyperplasia facts
    • What is the prostate gland?
    • How does the doctor detect prostate enlargement?
    • What is benign prostatic hyperplasia?
    • When does benign prostatic hyperplasia start?
    • What happens in BPH? What are symptoms of BPH?
    • How common is BPH? Are there any risk factors?
    • Is BPH a type of cancer?
    • Is BPH always treated?
    • How is BPH treated?
    • Are there other noncancerous prostate problems?
    • Can prostate problems be prevented?
  • Septic Arthritis Septic arthritis, or infectious arthritis, is infection of one or more joints by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Septic Arthritis Article
    • Septic arthritis facts
    • What is septic arthritis?
    • What microbes cause septic arthritis?
    • Who is at risk of developing septic arthritis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of septic arthritis?
    • How do physicians diagnose septic arthritis?
    • How is septic arthritis treated?
    • What are complications of septic arthritis?
    • What is the prognosis of septic arthritis?
    • Is it possible to prevent septic arthritis?
  • West Nile Virus West Nile virus (West Nile encephalitis) is a brain infection caused by a virus. People become infected with the virus after...learn more »
    In This Article
    West Nile Virus Article
    • West Nile virus facts
    • What is the history of West Nile virus?
    • Where did the West Nile virus come from?
    • How do people get West Nile virus?
    • How do mosquitoes get infected with the West Nile virus?
    • Can one person contract the virus from another?
    • Besides mosquitoes, can other insects transmit the West Nile virus?
    • Are there other viruses like the West Nile virus?
    • What are West Nile virus symptoms and signs?
    • When is there an increased risk for infection?
    • Who is at risk for getting West Nile virus?
    • What is the treatment for West Nile virus? Can West Nile virus be prevented with a vaccine?
    • Is a woman's pregnancy at risk if she gets West Nile virus?
    • What can a community do to reduce the risk of an outbreak of the West Nile virus?
    • What can a person do to reduce the risk of becoming infected with the West Nile virus?
  • Bug Bites and Stings Bug bites and stings have been known to transmit insect-borne illnesses such as West Nile virus, Rocky Mountain spotted fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bug Bites and Stings Article
    • Bug bites and stings facts*
    • Bug bites and stings introduction
    • What can I do to keep insects away?
    • What's the proper way to use insect repellent?
    • What's the best way to remove a bee stinger?
    • What should I do if I find a tick on me or my child?
    • What can be done for itching and pain from bites and stings?
    • When is medical attention needed?
    • Where can I find more information on bug bites and stings?
  • Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Whooping cough (pertussis) is highly contagious respiratory infection that is caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis. There...learn more »
    In This Article
    Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Article
    • Whooping cough (pertussis) facts
    • What is whooping cough? What is the history of whooping cough?
    • What causes whooping cough?
    • What are risk factors for whooping cough?
    • Can whooping cough be prevented with a vaccine?
    • What are whooping cough symptoms, signs, and stages?
    • How is whooping cough transmitted?
    • Can adults get whooping cough?
    • How is whooping cough diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for whooping cough?
    • What is the prognosis for whooping cough?
    • What are possible complications of whooping cough?
    • Where can people find more information about whooping cough (pertussis)?
  • Cold, Flu, Allergy Treatments Before treating a cold, the flu, or allergies with over-the-counter (OTC) medications, it's important to know what's causing the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cold, Flu, Allergy Treatments Article
    • Facts about cold, flu, and allergy treatments
    • Introduction to cold, flu, and allergy treatments
    • What are the differences between allergy, cold, and flu symptoms?
    • What are the different types of medications for headaches, body aches, fever, and flu-like symptoms?
    • Nasal congestion, sneezing, and runny nose
    • Cough
    • Sore throat and other symptoms
    • What about vitamin C and zinc?
    • What are some important considerations for the safe use of OTC products?
  • Chagas Disease Chagas disease is an infection caused by the T. cruzi parasite. Symptoms of Chagas disease include rash, swollen lymph nodes,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chagas Disease Article
    • Chagas disease (kissing bug disease) facts
    • What is Chagas disease?
    • What is the history of Chagas disease?
    • What causes Chagas disease?
    • What are Chagas disease symptoms and signs?
    • How is Chagas disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Chagas disease?
    • Can transmission of Chagas disease be prevented with a vaccine?
    • What are the risk factors for Chagas disease?
    • What is the prognosis for Chagas disease?
    • What are the complications of Chagas disease?
    • What research is being done for Chagas disease?
  • Chickenpox (Varicella) Chickenpox (chicken pox) is a contagious childhood disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus. Symptoms have an incubation...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chickenpox (Varicella) Article
    • Chickenpox facts
    • What is chickenpox? What causes chickenpox?
    • How does chickenpox spread?
    • What are chickenpox symptoms and signs?
    • What are treatment options for chickenpox?
    • What are the possible complications of chickenpox?
    • Can chickenpox be prevented with a vaccine?
  • Cat Scratch Disease Cat scratch disease (CSD or cat scratch fever), a bacterial disease caused by Bartonella henselae, is characterized by fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cat Scratch Disease Article
    • Cat scratch disease facts*
    • What is cat scratch disease? What are cat scratch disease symptoms?
    • Can my cat transmit Bartonella henselae to me?
    • How can I reduce my risk of getting cat scratch disease from my cat?
    • How can I find more information about cat scratch disease?
  • Fifth Disease Fifth disease (Erythema infectiosum) is caused by a virus known as parvovirus B 19. Symptoms include low-grade fever, fatigue, a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fifth Disease Article
    • Fifth disease facts
    • What is fifth disease? What causes fifth disease?
    • What are fifth disease symptoms and signs in children and adults?
    • Are there other symptoms that can occur with fifth disease?
    • What are the serious complications of fifth disease? Is infection with fifth disease dangerous during pregnancy?
    • What is the treatment for fifth disease?
    • How is fifth disease spread? When is the contagious stage, and should I be isolated if I have fifth disease?
    • Is it possible to prevent the spread of fifth disease?
  • Shigella Shigellosis is a disease caused by the Shigella bacteria. Bloody diarrhea, stomach cramps and fever are common symptoms. Mild...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shigella Article
    • Shingellosis facts*
    • What is shigellosis? What causes shigellosis?
    • What sort of germ is Shigella?
    • How can Shigella infections be diagnosed?
    • How can Shigella infections be treated?
    • Are there long term consequences of a Shigella infection?
    • How do people catch Shigella?
    • What can a person do to prevent this illness?
    • How common is shigellosis?
    • What else can be done to prevent shigellosis?
    • What is the government doing about shigellosis?
    • How can I learn more about this and other public health problems?
    • Some tips for preventing the spread of shigellosis
  • Cryptosporidiosis Cryptosporidiosis is an intestinal disease caused by the Cryptosporidium parasite. Symptoms include watery diarrhea, stomach...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cryptosporidiosis Article
    • What is cryptosporidiosis?
    • How is cryptosporidiosis spread?
    • What are the symptoms of cryptosporidiosis?
    • What is the incubation period for cryptosporidiosis infection?
    • How long will symptoms last?
    • Who is most at risk for cryptosporidiosis?
    • Who is most at risk for getting seriously ill with cryptosporidiosis?
    • What should I do if I think I may have cryptosporidiosis?
    • How is cryptosporidiosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cryptosporidiosis?
    • If I have been diagnosed with Crypto, should I worry about spreading the infection to others?
  • Gallbladder Cancer Gallbladder cancer is a rare form of cancer with symptoms that include jaundice, abdominal pain, fever, nausea and vomiting,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gallbladder Cancer Article
    • Gallbladder cancer facts*
    • What is gallbladder cancer?
    • What are risk factors for gallbladder cancer?
    • What are symptoms and signs of gallbladder cancer?
    • What exams and tests are used to diagnose gallbladder cancer?
    • What factors affects the prognosis for gallbladder cancer?
    • How is the staging of gallbladder cancer determined?
    • What is the treatment for gallbladder cancer?
    • Where can people get more information about gallbladder cancer?
  • Measles Measles (rubeola) is a highly contagious disease that's caused by a virus. Symptoms include a rash, high fever, cough, runny...learn more »
    In This Article
    Measles Article
    • Measles facts
    • What is measles?
    • What is rubeola?
    • What is rubella?
    • What are other names for measles?
    • What is the history of measles?
    • What causes measles?
    • How is measles spread?
    • How does one become immune to measles?
    • Who is at risk for getting measles?
    • Is measles deadly?
    • What is the danger of getting measles while pregnant?
    • If I am exposed, how long does it take to develop symptoms and signs?
    • What are measles symptoms and signs?
    • What are the complications seen with measles?
    • What is atypical measles?
    • What is modified measles?
    • How is the diagnosis of measles made?
    • If it is not measles, what else could it be?
    • What should I do if I have been exposed to measles?
    • Is there any treatment for measles after symptoms and signs develop?
    • If measles only rarely occurs in the United States, why should I get vaccinated?
    • Do I need to be revaccinated against measles if I am traveling to Europe?
    • What is the prognosis for measles?
    • How can I prevent contracting measles?
    • Is there any truth to the fear of getting autism from vaccines?
    • Who should not receive measles vaccinations?
    • If a child has an egg allergy, can they still receive the measles vaccine?
    • What adverse reactions can occur to the measles vaccination?
    • Who should be revaccinated against measles?
    • Where can I find more information about measles?
  • Leptospirosis Leptospirosis is an infectious disease that causes symptoms such as fever, headache, and chills. Treatment for leptospirosis...learn more »
    In This Article
    Leptospirosis Article
    • Leptospirosis facts
    • What is leptospirosis?
    • What causes leptospirosis?
    • What are risk factors for leptospirosis?
    • What are leptospirosis symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose leptospirosis?
    • What is the treatment for leptospirosis?
    • What is the prognosis of leptospirosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent leptospirosis?
  • Tuberculosis (TB) Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the bacterium that causes tuberculosis (TB). Symptoms and signs of TB include bloody sputum, fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tuberculosis (TB) Article
    • Tuberculosis (TB) facts
    • What is tuberculosis?
    • Are there different types of tuberculosis?
    • What causes tuberculosis?
    • What are risk factors for tuberculosis?
    • What are tuberculosis symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose tuberculosis?
    • What is the treatment for tuberculosis?
    • What are complications of tuberculosis?
    • What is the prognosis of tuberculosis?
    • How can people prevent tuberculosis?
  • Hepatitis A (HAV, Hep A) Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis A (HAV, Hep A) is one type of liver disease caused by a virus. Since...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis A (HAV, Hep A) Article
    • Hepatitis A facts*
    • What is hepatitis A?
    • What is the liver?
    • Who gets hepatitis A?
    • How could I get hepatitis A?
    • What are the symptoms of hepatitis A?
    • How is hepatitis A diagnosed?
    • How is hepatitis A treated?
    • How can I avoid getting hepatitis A?
    • What should I do if I think I have been exposed to the hepatitis A virus?
    • Eating, diet, and nutrition
    • Hope through Research
    • For More Information
    • Acknowledgments
  • Henoch-Schonlein Purpura Henoch-Schonlein Purpura (HSP or anaphylactoid purpura), a type of blood vessel inflammation, results in rash, arthritis, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Henoch-Schonlein Purpura Article
    • Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) facts
    • What is Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP)?
    • What causes HSP?
    • What are risk factors for HSP?
    • What are HSP symptoms and signs?
    • How is HSP diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for HSP?
    • What are complications of HSP?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with HSP?
    • Can HSP be prevented?
  • Adenovirus 14 Adenovirus infection, particularly Ad14, or the "killer cold virus" has been on the increase in the past two years. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Adenovirus 14 Article
    • Adenovirus 14 (Ad14) facts
    • What is the killer cold virus?
    • What are symptoms and signs of an Adenovirus 14 infection?
    • What causes an infection with Adenovirus 14 (Ad14)?
    • How is an Adenovirus 14 infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for an Adenovirus 14 infection?
    • What are complications of an Adenovirus 14 infection?
    • What is the prognosis for an Adenovirus 14 infection?
    • Can an Adenovirus 14 infection be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about the killer cold virus (Adenovirus 14)?
  • Kawasaki Disease Kawasaki disease is a rare children's disease characterized by a fever that lasts more than five days and at least four of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kawasaki Disease Article
    • Kawasaki's disease facts
    • What is Kawasaki's disease, and how is it diagnosed?
    • What is mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome?
    • What are the usual symptoms and signs of Kawasaki's disease?
    • What are the less common findings?
    • What is the difference between Kawasaki's disease and Kawasaki's syndrome?
    • What causes Kawasaki's disease?
    • Who develops Kawasaki's disease?
    • How can Kawasaki's disease cause serious complications?
    • What is the treatment for Kawasaki's disease?
    • What is the prognosis for children with Kawasaki's disease?
    • Can Kawasaki's disease be prevented?
  • Relapsing Polychondritis Relapsing polychondritis is an uncommon, chronic disorder of the cartilage that is characterized by recurrent episodes of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Relapsing Polychondritis Article
    • Relapsing polychondritis facts
    • What is relapsing polychondritis?
    • What causes relapsing polychondritis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of relapsing polychondritis?
    • How is relapsing polychondritis diagnosed?
    • Can relapsing polychondritis be associated with other diseases?
    • What medications are used to treat relapsing polychondritis?
    • What is the long-term outlook (prognosis) for patients with relapsing polychondritis?
  • Hantavirus Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a disease transmitted by rodents. Symptoms include fever and muscle pain. HPS can be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hantavirus Article
    • Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) facts
    • What is hantavirus?
    • What is hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS), and what are hantavirus pulmonary syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • What is the history of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What causes hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • How is hantavirus pulmonary syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What are complications of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • Can hantavirus pulmonary syndrome be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information on hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
  • Endocarditis Endocarditis, a serious infection of one of the four heart valves is caused by growth of bacteria on one of the heart valves;...learn more »
    In This Article
    Endocarditis Article
    • Endocarditis facts
    • What is endocarditis?
    • What causes endocarditis?
    • What are the symptoms of endocarditis?
    • Who is at risk for endocarditis?
    • How is endocarditis diagnosed?
    • How is endocarditis treated?
  • Mucormycosis Mucormycosis (zygomycosis) is a fungal infection caused by Zygomycetes. Symptoms and signs include fever, headache, coughing,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mucormycosis Article
    • Mucormycosis (zygomycosis) facts
    • What is mucormycosis?
    • What causes mucormycosis?
    • What are risk factors for mucormycosis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of mucormycosis?
    • How is mucormycosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of mucormycosis?
    • What are complications of mucormycosis?
    • What is the prognosis of mucormycosis?
    • Can mucormycosis be prevented?
    • What research is being done on mucormycosis?
    • Where can people find more information on mucormycosis?
  • Still's Disease Still's disease (Systemic-Onset Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis) is a disorder characterized by inflammation with high fever...learn more »
    In This Article
    Still's Disease Article
    • Still's disease facts
    • What is Still's disease?
    • What causes Still's disease?
    • What are risk factors for Still's disease?
    • How does Still's disease relate to juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of Still's disease?
    • How is Still's disease diagnosed?
    • What is the frequency of Still's disease and its features?
    • What is the treatment for Still's disease?
    • Is it possible to prevent Still's disease?
    • What Still's disease research is being done?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) with Still's disease?
  • Tularemia Tularemia (rabbit fever) is an infection caused by the Francisella tularensis bacteria. People can become infected with tularemia...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tularemia Article
    • Tularemia facts
    • What is tularemia?
    • What are the different types of tularemia?
    • What causes tularemia?
    • What are symptoms and signs of tularemia?
    • How is tularemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for tularemia?
    • Tularemia and bioterrorism
    • Is there a vaccine for tularemia?
    • Where can people find more information about tularemia?
  • Anthrax Anthrax is a deadly infectious disease that may be transmitted to humans by infected animals or by biological warfare. There are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anthrax Article
    • Anthrax facts
    • What is anthrax?
    • What causes anthrax?
    • How is anthrax contracted?
    • How common is anthrax?
    • How long is the incubation period with anthrax?
    • What kinds of diseases does anthrax cause?
    • How is the diagnosis made of anthrax?
    • How is anthrax treated?
    • How can anthrax be prevented?
  • Typhus Typhus is a disease caused by Rickettsia bacteria. Symptoms and signs include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Typhus Article
    • Typhus facts
    • What is typhus? Are there different types of typhus?
    • What is the history of typhus?
    • What causes typhus? How is typhus transmitted?
    • What are typhus risk factors?
    • What are typhus symptoms and signs?
    • How is typhus diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for typhus?
    • What is the prognosis of typhus?
    • Can typhus be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about typhus?
  • Naegleria fowleri Naegleria fowleri is an amoeba found in freshwater and soil. Infection results when the amoeba enters the nose and travels to the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Naegleria fowleri Article
    • Naegleria fowleri (brain-eating amoeba) infection facts
    • What is Naegleria fowleri?
    • What causes a Naegleria fowleri infection?
    • What are risk factors for Naegleria fowleri infection?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a Naegleria fowleri infection?
    • How is a Naegleria fowleri infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a Naegleria fowleri infection?
    • Can Naegleria fowleri infections be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of a Naegleria fowleri infection?
    • Where can people find additional information about Naegleria fowleri infections?
  • Schistosomiasis Schistosomiasis (snail fever), a disease caused by parasites, causes a variety of symptoms and signs, such as cough, rash and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Schistosomiasis Article
    • Schistosomiasis facts
    • What is schistosomiasis?
    • What causes schistosomiasis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of schistosomiasis?
    • How is schistosomiasis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for schistosomiasis?
    • When should people with schistosomiasis seek medical care?
    • What are the complications of schistosomiasis?
    • Can schistosomiasis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for schistosomiasis?
  • Malaria Malaria is a disease that is spread by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Malaria symptoms include fever, chills,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Malaria Article
    • Malaria facts
    • What is malaria?
    • What causes malaria?
    • What are risk factors for malaria? Is it possible to prevent malaria?
    • What are malaria symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose malaria?
    • What is the treatment for malaria?
    • What is the prognosis of malaria?
    • Is there a malaria vaccine?
    • Can malaria reoccur after treatment?
  • Viral Hemorrhagic Fever Viral hemorrhagic fever(s), or VHFs are a group of illnesses caused by distinct families of viruses. Many of these viruses are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Viral Hemorrhagic Fever Article
    • What are viral hemorrhagic fevers?
    • How are hemorrhagic fever viruses grouped?
    • What carries viruses that cause viral hemorrhagic fevers?
    • Where are cases of viral hemorrhagic fever found?
    • How are hemorrhagic fever viruses transmitted?
    • What are the symptoms of viral hemorrhagic fever illnesses?
    • How are patients with viral hemorrhagic fever treated?
    • How can cases of viral hemorrhagic fever be prevented and controlled?
    • What needs to be done to address the threat of viral hemorrhagic fevers?
  • Meningococcemia Meningococcemia is a bloodstream infection caused by Neisseria meningitides. Meningococcemia symptoms include fever, headache,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Meningococcemia Article
    • Meningococcemia facts
    • What is meningococcemia?
    • What causes meningococcemia?
    • What are risk factors for meningococcemia?
    • What are symptoms and signs of meningococcemia?
    • How is meningococcemia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for meningococcemia?
    • What is the prognosis of meningococcemia?
    • Is it possible to prevent meningococcemia?
    • Where can people find more information on meningococcemia?
    • What research is being done on meningococcemia?
  • Leishmaniasis Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by the bite of an infected sand fly. The most common types of leishmania infection are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Leishmaniasis Article
    • Leishmaniasis facts
    • What is leishmaniasis?
    • What are the different types of leishmaniasis?
    • What causes leishmaniasis? How is leishmaniasis transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for leishmaniasis?
    • What are leishmaniasis symptoms and signs?
    • How is leishmaniasis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for leishmaniasis?
    • What is the prognosis of leishmaniasis?
    • Can leishmaniasis be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about leishmaniasis?
  • Hirschsprung's Disease Hirschsprung's disease (Hirschsprung), is a disease of the nerve cells of of the large intestine. The primary symptom of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hirschsprung's Disease Article
    • What is Hirschsprung's disease?
    • What are the large intestine, colon, rectum, and anus?
    • Why does Hirschsprung's disease cause constipation?
    • What causes Hirschsprung's disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Hirschsprung's disease?
    • How is Hirschsprung's disease treated?
    • What will my child's life be like after surgery?
    • If I have more children, will they also have Hirschsprung's disease?
    • Hirschsprung's Disease At A Glance
  • Shingles and Pregnancy Becoming infected with chickenpox during pregnancy could cause birth defects in your unborn child. Likewise, shingles could also...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shingles and Pregnancy Article
    • Shingles in pregnancy facts
    • What is shingles?
    • What do shingles look like?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of shingles?
    • How is shingles diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for shingles in pregnancy?
    • Antiviral medication to treat shingles
    • Pain medication to treat shingles
    • Antihistamine medication to treat shingles
    • What are the complications of shingles in pregnancy?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for shingles in pregnancy?
    • Can shingles in pregnancy be prevented?
  • Cryptococcosis Cryptococcosis is an infection caused by the Cryptococcus fungus. Cryptococcus is spread through inhalation of airborne fungi....learn more »
    In This Article
    Cryptococcosis Article
    • What is Cryptococcus?
    • Who gets cryptococcosis?
    • How is Cryptococcus spread?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of a cryptococcal infection?
    • How soon do symptoms and signs appear?
    • If I have symptoms and signs, should I see my doctor?
    • How is a cryptococcal infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cryptococcal infections?
    • How can cryptococcal infections be prevented?
  • Munchausen Syndrome Munchausen syndrome is a factitious disorder and attention-seeking syndrome in which an individual pretends to have physical or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Munchausen Syndrome Article
    • Munchausen syndrome facts
    • What is Munchausen syndrome?
    • What causes Munchausen syndrome?
    • What are Munchausen syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is Munchausen syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Munchausen syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for Munchausen syndrome?
    • Can Munchausen syndrome be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about Munchausen syndrome?
  • Neuroblastoma Neuroblastoma is a type of cancer that usually afflicts children under 5 years of age. The cancer forms in the adrenal glands,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Neuroblastoma Article
    • Neuroblastoma facts*
    • What is neuroblastoma?
    • What are symptoms and signs of neuroblastoma?
    • What tests are used in the detection and diagnosis of neuroblastoma?
    • What is the prognosis for neuroblastoma?
    • What are the stages of neuroblastoma?
    • What is the treatment for neuroblastoma?
    • What are treatment options for neuroblastoma?
  • Valley Fever Valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) is a disease caused by the inhalation of the Coccidioides immitis or C. posadasii fungus....learn more »
    In This Article
    Valley Fever Article
    • Valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) facts
    • What is valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • What causes valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • How is valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • What are the risk factors for developing valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
    • Can valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) be prevented?
    • Is valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) contagious?
    • Where can one find more information on valley fever?
  • Intussusception Intussusception is the telescoping (prolapse) of a portion of the intestine within another immediately adjacent portion of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Intussusception Article
    • Intussusception facts
    • What is intussusception?
    • What happens during intussusception?
    • Is intussusception an urgent problem?
    • Who is at greatest risk for intussusception?
    • What causes intussusception?
    • Why is rapid diagnosis of intussusception important?
    • What are the symptoms of intussusception?
    • How is intussusception diagnosed?
    • Is it necessary to operate when there is intussusception?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with intussusception?
  • Reye's Syndrome Reye's syndrome (RS, or Reye syndrome) is a sudden, sometimes fatal, disease of the brain with degeneration of the liver. Reye...learn more »
    In This Article
    Reye's Syndrome Article
    • Reye's syndrome facts
    • What is Reye's syndrome?
    • What causes Reye's syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for Reye's syndrome?
    • What are Reye's syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is Reye's syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Reye's syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for Reye's syndrome?
    • Can Reye's syndrome be prevented?
    • What research is being done on Reye's syndrome?
    • Where can I find more information about Reye's syndrome?
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a highly contagious viral infection. Symptoms include fever and nasal congestion and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Respiratory Syncytial Virus Article
    • Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection facts
    • What is the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)?
    • When does RSV infection occur, and who gets it?
    • Who is at risk for severe disease?
    • Is RSV infection contagious, and how is RSV infection transmitted?
    • What are the symptoms of RSV infection?
    • How is RSV infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for an RSV infection?
    • How can RSV infection be prevented?
    • Is there an RSV vaccine?
    • What is the prognosis of a respiratory syncytial virus infection?
  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis) Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (juvenile rheumatoid arthritis or JRA) annually affects one child in every thousand. There are six...learn more »
    In This Article
    Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis) Article
    • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) facts
    • What is juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What are causes and risk factors of juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What are juvenile idiopathic arthritis symptoms and signs, and how are the different types of juvenile idiopathic arthritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What are complications of juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What is the prognosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
  • Legionnaires' Disease Legionellosis is an infection caused by the Legionella pneumophila bacterium. There are two forms of legionellosis: Pontiac fever...learn more »
    In This Article
    Legionnaires' Disease Article
    • Legionnaires' disease and Pontiac fever (legionellosis) facts
    • What causes legionellosis? What is the history of Legionnaires' disease?
    • How common is Legionnaires' disease?
    • What are the usual symptoms of Legionnaires' disease?
    • How is the diagnosis of Legionnaires' disease made?
    • Who develops Legionnaires' disease?
    • What is the treatment for Legionnaires' disease?
    • How is Legionnaires' disease spread?
    • Where is the Legionella bacterium found?
    • How can Legionnaires' disease be prevented?
  • Yellow Fever Yellow fever is an infectious disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. Side effects are rare with the yellow fever vaccine....learn more »
    In This Article
    Yellow Fever Article
    • Yellow fever facts
    • What is yellow fever? What is the history of yellow fever?
    • What causes yellow fever?
    • How is yellow fever transmitted?
    • What areas are high-risk for contracting yellow fever?
    • What is the incubation period for yellow fever?
    • What are yellow fever symptoms and signs?
    • How is yellow fever diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for yellow fever?
    • What is the prognosis for people with yellow fever?
    • Can yellow fever be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information on yellow fever?
  • Fungal Meningitis Fungal meningitis is a rare disease that is not contagious. Symptoms include fever, headache, stiff neck, nausea, and vomiting....learn more »
    In This Article
    Fungal Meningitis Article
    • Fungal meningitis facts
    • What causes fungal meningitis?
    • How is fungal meningitis transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for fungal meningitis?
    • What are fungal meningitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is fungal meningitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fungal meningitis?
    • Can fungal meningitis be prevented?
    • Read more on encephalitis and meningitis symptoms
  • Febrile Seizures Febrile seizures, or convulsions caused by fever in small children or infants can be frightening, however, in general are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Febrile Seizures Article
    • Seizure symptoms: how to assist the victim
    • NIH on what are febrile seizures?
    • How common are febrile seizures?
    • What are the symptoms of a febrile seizure?
    • What makes a child prone to recurrent febrile seizures?
    • Are febrile seizures harmful?
    • What should be done for a child having a febrile seizure?
    • How are febrile seizures diagnosed and treated?
    • How are febrile seizures prevented?
    • What research is being done on febrile seizures?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Smallpox Smallpox is a disease caused by the variola virus. Symptoms and signs include a characteristic rash and high fever. Treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smallpox Article
    • Smallpox facts
    • What is smallpox?
    • What is the history of smallpox?
    • What causes smallpox?
    • How is smallpox transmitted?
    • What are smallpox symptoms and signs?
    • How is smallpox diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for smallpox?
    • Can smallpox be prevented with a vaccine?
    • What is the prognosis for smallpox, and what are complications of smallpox?
    • Where can people find more information on smallpox?
  • Salmonella Salmonella infection (salmonellosis) is typically caused by the consumption of contaminated foods. Symptoms of salmonellosis...learn more »
    In This Article
    Salmonella Article
    • Salmonella food poisoning facts
    • What is Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What causes Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What are risk factors for Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What are symptoms and signs of Salmonella poisoning?
    • How do physicians diagnose Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What is the treatment for Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What are complications of Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What is the prognosis of Salmonella food poisoning?
    • Is it possible to prevent Salmonella food poisoning?
  • Bird Flu Bird flu (avian flu, avian influenza) infection in humans may result from contact with infected poultry. There is a vaccine to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bird Flu Article
    • Bird flu facts
    • What is bird flu?
    • What causes bird flu?
    • What are risk factors for bird flu?
    • What are bird flu symptoms and signs?
    • How is bird flu diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for bird flu?
    • What are the complications of bird flu?
    • What is the prognosis of bird flu?
    • Can bird flu be prevented with a vaccine?
    • Where can people find more information about bird flu?
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Children Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in children is a functional gastrointestinal disorder with symptoms of abdominal pain, bloating,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Children Article
    • Irritable bowel syndrome in children facts*
    • What is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
    • What is the GI tract?
    • How common is IBS in children?
    • What are the symptoms of IBS in children?
    • What causes IBS in children?
    • How is IBS in children diagnosed?
    • How is IBS in children treated?
    • Eating, diet, and nutrition
    • Medications
    • Probiotics
    • Therapies for mental health problems
  • Ricin Ricin is a biological toxin that can be made from processing castor beans. Symptoms of ricin poisoning include fever, cough,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ricin Article
    • What is ricin?
    • Where is ricin found, and how is it used?
    • How are people exposed to ricin?
    • How does ricin work?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of ricin exposure?
    • How do authorities confirm cases of suspected ricin poisonning?
    • What is the treatment for ricin poisoning?
    • How can people protect themselves? What should someone do if they are exposed to ricin?
    • For more information
  • Fungal Arthritis Fungal arthritis is inflammation of a joint by a fungus that has invaded the body and is growing in the normally sterile joint....learn more »
    In This Article
    Fungal Arthritis Article
    • Fungal arthritis facts
    • What is fungal arthritis?
    • What causes fungal arthritis?
    • What are risks for developing fungal arthritis?
    • What are fungal arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • How is fungal arthritis diagnosed?
    • How is fungal arthritis treated?
    • What is the prognosis of fungal arthritis?
    • Can fungal arthritis be prevented?
  • Sleep and Sleep Disorders in Children and Teenagers Sleep needs in children and teenagers depends on the age of the child. Sleep disorders in children such as sleep apnea,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep and Sleep Disorders in Children and Teenagers Article
    • How much sleep do children need?
    • Can a lack of sleep impact a child's behavior?
    • What is sleep hygiene?
    • What are some common sleep disorders in children?
    • What are some common physiological sleep disorder symptoms in children?
    • Sleep apnea symptoms in children
    • Parasomnia symptoms in children
    • Confusional arousals symptoms in children
    • Night terror symptoms in children
    • Narcolepsy symptoms in children
    • Sleepwalking in children
    • Do teenagers have the same sleep requirements as younger children?
    • How can I teach my child or teen healthy sleep habits and good sleep hygiene?
    • What are some ways I can help my child or teenager get a better nights sleep?
    • What are some "dont's" for getting my child or teen to sleep?
  • Scarlet Fever (Scarlatina) Scarlet fever, a bacterial infection caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria, causes symptoms and signs such as fever, rash with...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scarlet Fever (Scarlatina) Article
    • Scarlet fever facts
    • What is scarlet fever?
    • What causes scarlet fever?
    • What is the incubation period for scarlet fever?
    • What are risk factors for scarlet fever?
    • What is the contagious period for scarlet fever?
    • What are scarlet fever symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose scarlet fever?
    • What is the treatment for scarlet fever?
    • What are complications of scarlet fever?
    • What is the prognosis of scarlet fever? What are the long-term effects of scarlet fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent scarlet fever? Is there a scarlet fever vaccine?
  • SARS Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a respiratory disease caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV. Symptoms include fever and...learn more »
    In This Article
    SARS Article
    • Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) facts
    • What is severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)?
    • What causes SARS? How is SARS transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for SARS?
    • What are SARS symptoms and signs?
    • How is SARS diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for SARS?
    • What is the prognosis of SARS?
    • Is it possible to prevent SARS?
    • Is there a SARS vaccine? What research is being done on SARS?
    • Where can people get more information about SARS?
  • Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) Toxic shock syndrome is an infection that causes symptoms such as low blood pressure, fever, and a rash with peeling skin....learn more »
    In This Article
    Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) Article
    • Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) facts
    • What is toxic shock syndrome?
    • What causes toxic shock syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for toxic shock syndrome?
    • What are toxic shock syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose toxic shock syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for toxic shock syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of toxic shock syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent toxic shock syndrome?
  • German Measles (Rubella) German measles is a disease that's caused by a virus. Symptoms include rash and fever for two to three days. The MMR (measles,...learn more »
    In This Article
    German Measles (Rubella) Article
    • What is rubella (German measles)?
    • What are rubella symptoms and signs?
    • What are the complications of rubella?
    • How is rubella spread from person to person?
    • Can rubella be prevented with a vaccine?
    • Does my child need the rubella vaccine (MMR)?
    • As an adult, do I need the rubella vaccine (MMR)?
  • Bocavirus Bocavirus infection is usually only found in those with lower respiratory infections or diarrhea. Symptoms include cyanosis,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bocavirus Article
    • Bocavirus facts
    • What is bocavirus?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of bocavirus infection?
    • How is bocavirus infection spread?
    • How is bocavirus infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for bocavirus infection?
    • What is the prognosis of bocavirus infection?
    • Can bocavirus infection be prevented?
  • Weber-Christian Disease Weber-Christian disease is a rare inflammatory disease that affects the body's fat tissues. It's also known as relapsing febrile...learn more »
    In This Article
    Weber-Christian Disease Article
    • Weber-Christian disease facts
    • What is Weber-Christian disease? What are the risk factors for this disease?
    • What is panniculitis?
    • What are other symptoms of Weber-Christian disease?
    • What causes Weber-Christian disease?
    • How is Weber-Christian disease diagnosed?
    • What is the prognosis of Weber-Christian disease?
    • What is the treatment for Weber-Christian disease?
  • Guinea Worm Disease Guinea worm disease (GWD or dracunculiasis) is an infection caused by the parasite Dracunculus medinensis. After a person drinks...learn more »
    In This Article
    Guinea Worm Disease Article
    • Guinea Worm disease facts*
    • What is dracunculiasis?
    • How does Guinea worm disease spread?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Guinea worm disease?
    • What is the treatment for Guinea worm disease?
    • Where is Guinea worm disease found?
    • Who is at risk for infection?
    • Is Guinea worm disease a serious illness?
    • Is a person immune to Guinea worm disease once he or she has it?
    • How can Guinea worm disease be prevented?
  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a tick-borne disease that causes symptoms and signs such as fever, rash, headache, and muscle...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Article
    • Rocky Mountain spotted fever facts
    • What is Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever risk factors?
    • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What is the treatment for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What is the prognosis of Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
  • Melioidosis Melioidosis (Whitmore's disease) is an infectious disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei bacteria. Symptoms include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Melioidosis Article
    • Melioidosis facts
    • What is melioidosis? What causes melioidosis?
    • Where does melioidosis occur?
    • What are symptoms of melioidosis?
    • How is melioidosis diagnosed?
    • How is melioidosis treated?
    • Can melioidosis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for melioidosis?
  • Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) Enterovirulent Escherichia coli (E. coli) are strains of related bacteria that have a strong propensity to cause gastrointestinal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) Article
    • Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) facts
    • What are enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • What are the symptoms caused by enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • A new EEC group? (E. coli 0104:H4)
    • How do enterovirulent E. coli groups cause disease?
    • When should one seek medical care for enterovirulent E. coli infection?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli infections diagnosed?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli infections treated?
    • How is self-care at home done for enterovirulent E. coli?
    • What are the complications associated with enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) infections prevented?
    • What are the prognoses (outcomes) of enterovirulent E. coli infections?
  • Monkeypox Monkeypox is a viral disease that causes symptoms such as fever, sweating, and a rash with papules and pustules on the face and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Monkeypox Article
    • Monkeypox facts
    • What is monkeypox?
    • What is the history of monkeypox?
    • What causes monkeypox? How is monkeypox transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for monkeypox?
    • What are monkeypox symptoms and signs?
    • How is monkeypox diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for monkeypox?
    • What is the prognosis of monkeypox?
    • Can monkeypox be prevented?
    • What research is being done on monkeypox?
    • Where can people get more information about monkeypox?
  • Polio A polio infection causes symptoms and signs such as paralysis, limb deformities, and even death. There is no curative treatment...learn more »
  • Plague (Black Death) Plague is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis. Transmission to humans occurs via fleas that have bitten...learn more »
    In This Article
    Plague (Black Death) Article
    • Plague (Black Death) facts
    • What is plague? What is the history of plague?
    • What causes plague?
    • What are risk factors for plague?
    • What are plague symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose plague?
    • What is the treatment for plague?
    • What is the prognosis of plague?
    • Is it possible to prevent plague?
    • What are modern concerns about plague?
  • NDM-1 NDM-1 (New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase) is an enzyme produced by certain strains of bacteria that have recently acquired the...learn more »
    In This Article
    NDM-1 Article
    • NDM-1 facts
    • What is NDM-1?
    • What causes NDM-1 to be produced in bacteria?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a person infected with bacteria carrying NDM-1?
    • How are bacteria that produce NDM-1 identified?
    • What is the treatment for an infection caused by bacteria that make NDM-1?
    • What is the prognosis for a person infected with NDM-1producing bacteria?
    • Can infections with bacteria containing NDM-1 be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about NDM-1 producing bacteria?
  • Cyclospora Infection (Cyclosporiasis) Cyclospora cayetanensis is a parasite that causes infection when humans ingest food contaminated with feces from an infected...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cyclospora Infection (Cyclosporiasis) Article
    • Cyclospora infection (cyclosporiasis) facts
    • What is Cyclospora infection?
    • What causes Cyclospora infection?
    • What are the risk factors for a Cyclospora infection?
    • What are the symptoms of Cyclospora infection?
    • How is Cyclospora infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of Cyclospora infections?
    • What are complications of a Cyclospora infection?
    • What is the prognosis of a Cyclospora infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent Cyclospora infections?
  • Histoplasmosis Histoplasmosis is a disease caused by a fungus called Histoplasma capsulatum. The symptoms are similar to those of pneumonia and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Histoplasmosis Article
    • Histoplasmosis facts
    • What is histoplasmosis?
    • What causes histoplasmosis?
    • What are risk factors for histoplasmosis?
    • What are histoplasmosis symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose histoplasmosis?
    • What is the treatment for histoplasmosis?
    • What is the prognosis of histoplasmosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent histoplasmosis?
  • Diphtheria Diphtheria is a disease that causes symptoms and signs such as fever, enlarged lymph nodes, and swallowing problems. Erythromycin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diphtheria Article
    • Diphtheria facts
    • What is diphtheria?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of diphtheria?
    • What is the history of diphtheria?
    • What causes diphtheria?
    • What are risk factors for diphtheria?
    • How do physicians diagnose diphtheria?
    • What is the treatment for diphtheria?
    • What are possible complications of diphtheria?
    • What is the prognosis of diphtheria?
    • Is it possible to prevent diphtheria? Is there a diphtheria vaccine?
  • Urine Blockage in Newborns There are many syndromes and defects that may cause urine blockage in newborns. Defects in the urinary tract that may cause urine...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urine Blockage in Newborns Article
    • What are the types of defects in the urinary tract?
    • What syndromes may affect the urinary tract?
    • How are problems and birth defects of the urinary tract diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for urine blockage in newborns?
    • What research is being done on urine blockage in newborns?
    • Where can people find more information on urine blockage in newborns?
  • Q Fever Q fever is a highly infectious disease that causes high fever, diarrhea, cough, and sweating. Infected animals may transmit Q...learn more »
    In This Article
    Q Fever Article
    • Q fever facts
    • What is Q fever?
    • Where does the name Q fever come from? What causes Q fever?
    • How does Q fever spread?
    • Who is at risk for getting Q fever?
    • Are there different forms of Q fever?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Q fever?
    • How do physicians diagnose Q fever?
    • Is Q fever deadly?
    • Is Q fever contagious?
    • What is the danger of getting Q fever while pregnant?
    • What complications may arise with Q fever?
    • What is the prognosis for Q fever?
    • If it is not Q fever, what else could it be?
    • What should people do if they have been exposed to Q fever?
    • Is there any treatment for Q fever?
    • Is there a vaccine against Q fever?
    • Is Q fever a bioterrorism threat?
    • Where can people find more information about Q fever?
  • Brucellosis The bacteria Brucella causes brucellosis, an infectious zoonotic disease in humans. Symptoms and signs include fatigue, fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Brucellosis Article
    • Brucellosis facts
    • What is brucellosis?
    • What is the history of brucellosis?
    • What are causes of brucellosis?
    • What are risk factors for brucellosis?
    • How does brucellosis spread to humans?
    • What are symptoms and signs of brucellosis?
    • How do physicians diagnose brucellosis?
    • What are brucellosis treatments?
    • What is the prognosis of brucellosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent brucellosis? Is there a brucellosis vaccine?