acarbose, Precose (cont.)

Pharmacy Author:
Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

PREGNANCY: There are no studies of acarbose treatment during pregnancy in humans. Insulin therapy is recommended in pregnancy.

NURSING MOTHERS: Acarbose is excreted in the milk of lactating animals, but no human studies have been conducted. Acarbose use is not recommended for women who are breastfeeding.

SIDE EFFECTS: The most common side effects with acarbose therapy are abdominal pain, diarrhea and flatulence (gas). There is a rare possibility that these gastrointestinal side effects may become severe and progress to paralytic ileus. Other possible but rare side effects are an increase in liver enzymes, and decreases in hematocrit, calcium or vitamin B6 levels. Liver failure, severe skin reactions, and pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis infection have been reported.

Reference: FDA Prescribing Information

Last Editorial Review: 4/30/2012

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