SIDE EFFECTS: The most common side effects of acarbose are:
Other possible but rare side effects include
- an increase in liver enzymes, and
- decreases in hematocrit, calcium or vitamin B6 levels.
- Liver failure,
- severe skin reactions, and
- pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis infection.
PREPARATIONS: Tablets: 25, 50 and 100 mg.
STORAGE: Acarbose should be stored at room temperature, 15 C - 30 C(59 F -86 F) in a tight container.
DOSING: The recommended initial acarbose dose is 25 mg three times daily. The dose is then increased every four to eight weeks based on response and tolerance. The maximum dose is 50 mg three times daily for patients weighing 60 kg or less and 100 mg three times daily for those weighing more than 60 kg. Acarbose should be taken at the first bite of each meal.
Acarbose therapy is not advised in the presence of certain medical conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease or intestinal obstruction and chronic intestinal diseases that interfere with digestion or absorption such as Crohn's disease.
Quick GuideDiabetes: Best and Worst Meals for Diabetes-Savvy Dining
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
Need help identifying pills and medications?
Use the pill identifier tool on RxList.