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- What is acarbose, and how does it work?
- What brand names are available for acarbose?
- IIs acarbose available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for acarbose?
- What are the uses for acarbose?
- WWhat are the side effects of acarbose?
- WWhat is the treatment dosage for acarbose?
- WWhich drugs or supplements interact with acarbose?
- Is acarbose safe to use during pregnancy or while breastfeeding?
- WWhat else should I know about acarbose?
What is acarbose, and how does it work?
- Acarbose is a prescription oral drug that is used to control blood glucose (sugar) levels in people type 2 diabetes in conjunction with diet, exercise, and other diabetes drugs, for example, metformin (Glucophage) or insulin. It belongs to a class of drugs called alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, which also includes miglitol (Glyset).
- Carbohydrates that are eaten are digested by enzymes in the intestine into smaller sugars which are absorbed into the body and increase blood sugar levels. The process of carbohydrate digestion requires the pancreas to release into the intestine alpha-amylase enzymes, which digest the large carbohydrates into smaller carbohydrates called oligosaccharides. The cells lining the small intestine then release alpha-glucosidase enzymes that further digest the oligosaccharides into smaller sugars, like glucose, that can be absorbed. Acarbose is a man-made oligosaccharide designed to slow down the actions of alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase enzymes, thereby slowing the appearance of sugar in the blood after a meal.
What brand names are available for acarbose?
- Precose is the brand name available for acarbose.
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