Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment) Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment). These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment) or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Stool Color, Changes in Color, Texture, and Form Stool color changes can very from green, red, maroon, yellow, white, or black. Causes of changes of stool color can range from...learn more »
  • Kidney Stones Kidney stones are solid masses of crystalline material that form in the kidneys. Symptoms of kidney stones can include pain,...learn more »
  • Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or urethra. E. coli, a type of bacteria that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) Article
    • What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)?
    • What causes a urinary tract infection?
    • Are urinary tract infections contagious?
    • What are urinary tract infection symptoms and signs?
    • When should people seek medical care for a UTI?
    • How do physicians diagnose a urinary tract infection?
    • What kinds of doctors treat urinary tract infections?
    • Are there home remedies for a urinary tract infection?
    • What is the treatment for a urinary tract infection?
    • What follow-up is needed for a urinary tract infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent a urinary tract infection?
    • What is the prognosis of a urinary tract infection?
  • Gallbladder Pain (Gall Bladder Pain) Gallbladder pain (often misspelled "gall bladder") is generally produced by of five problems, biliary colic, cholecystitis,...learn more »
  • Colitis (Types) Inflammation of the inner lining of the colon is referred to as colitis. Symptoms of the inflammation of the colon lining include...learn more »
  • Blood in the Stool (Rectal Bleeding) Blood in the stool or rectal bleeding (hematochezia) refers to the passage of bright red blood from the anus. Common causes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Blood in the Stool (Rectal Bleeding) Article
    • Rectal bleeding (blood in stool) definition and facts
    • What does rectal bleeding (blood in stool) mean?
    • What are causes of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • What diseases and conditions can cause blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • Anal fissures
    • Hemorrhoids
    • Diverticulitis
    • Colon cancer and polyps
    • Angiodysplasias
    • Colitis and proctitis
    • Meckel's diverticulum
    • Polypectomy
    • Rare causes of rectal bleeding
    • What kind of doctor treats rectal bleeding?
    • When should I call a doctor for blood in the stool (rectal bleeding)?
    • How is the cause of blood in the stool (rectal bleeding) diagnosed?
    • History and physical examination
    • Anoscopy
    • Flexible sigmoidoscopy
    • Colonoscopy
    • Radionuclide scans
    • Visceral angiogram
    • Video capsule and small intestine endoscopy
    • MRI and CT tomographic angiography
    • Nasogastric tube aspiration
    • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
    • Blood tests
    • What is the treatment for rectal bleeding (blood in the stool)?
    • Can rectal bleeding (blood in the stool) be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of rectal bleeding (blood in the stool)?
  • Appendicitis Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix. Appendicitis often causes sings and symptoms such as: Abdominal pain in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Appendicitis Article
    • Appendicitis definition and facts
    • What is the appendix?
    • What is appendicitis and what causes appendicitis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of appendicitis?
    • Is there a test to diagnose appendicitis?
    • Imaging studies to diagnosis appendicitis
    • Which specialties of doctors treat appendicitis?
    • Why can it be difficult to diagnose appendicitis?
    • What is stump appendicitis?
    • What are the complications of appendicitis?
    • What other conditions can mimic appendicitis?
    • What is the treatment for appendicitis?
    • How is an appendectomy done?
    • What are the complications of appendectomy?
    • Are there long-term consequences of appendectomy?
    • What is new about appendicitis?
  • Chlamydia in Women Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the U.S. Signs and symptoms of chlamydia, a bacterial infection,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chlamydia in Women Article
    • What is chlamydia?
    • What causes chlamydia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of chlamydia?
    • How is chlamydia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for chlamydia?
    • What is the prognosis for chlamydia?
    • Can chlamydia be prevented?
  • Liver Disease Liver disease can be cause by a variety of things including infection (hepatitis), diseases such as gallstones, high cholesterol...learn more »
  • Hernia A hernia occurs when an organ or piece of tissue protrudes from the space in which it is normally contained. Symptoms of a hernia...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hernia Article
    • What is an abdominal hernia?
    • What are the different types of abdominal hernias?
    • What causes an abdominal hernia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of an abdominal hernia?
    • How are abdominal hernias diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for an abdominal hernia?
    • What non-surgical treatments are available for an abdominal hernia?
    • What is the prognosis for an abdominal hernia?
    • Can an abdominal hernia be prevented?
  • Ectopic Pregnancy An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy located outside the inner lining of the uterus. The majority of ectopic pregnancies occur in...learn more »
  • Top 12 Foods for Constipation Relief Constipation is a common problem, and almost everyone has been constipated at one time or another. There are foods that can help...learn more »
  • Coxsackie Virus Coxsackie viruses may be divided into two groups. Type A causes hand, foot, and mouth disease and conjunctivitis, while type B...learn more »
    In This Article
    Coxsackie Virus Article
    • Coxsackie virus facts
    • What is coxsackie virus?
    • What are the types of coxsackie viruses, and what can they cause?
    • What are coxsackie virus infection symptoms and signs?
    • How do people get infected with coxsackie virus?
    • What are the risk factors for coxsackie virus infection?
    • How are coxsackie virus infections diagnosed?
    • Is there any treatment for coxsackie virus infection?
    • Can coxsackie virus infections be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of coxsackie virus infections?
  • Colon Cancer Colon cancer is a malignancy that arises from the inner lining of the colon. Most, if not all, of these cancers develop from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Colon Cancer Article
    • Colon cancer facts
    • What is cancer?
    • What is cancer of the colon and rectum?
    • What are the causes of colon cancer?
    • What are the symptoms of colon cancer?
    • What tests can be done to detect colon cancer?
    • How can colon cancer be prevented?
    • What are the treatments and survival for colon cancer?
    • What is the follow-up care for colon cancer?
    • What does the future hold for patients with colorectal cancer?
  • Ascites Ascites, the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is most commonly caused by cirrhosis of the liver. Some of the other...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ascites Article
    • Ascites Facts
    • What is ascites?
    • What causes ascites?
    • What are the types of ascites?
    • What are the risk factors for ascites?
    • What are the symptoms of ascites?
    • When should I call my doctor about ascites?
    • How is ascites diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for ascites?
    • What are the complications of ascites?
    • Can ascites be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for ascites?
  • Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis, Diverticular Disease) Most people with diverticulosis have few if any symptoms at all. When people do experience signs and symptoms of diverticulosis...learn more »
  • Dengue Fever Dengue fever is contracted from the bite of a striped Aedes aegypti mosquito. Symptoms and signs of dengue include headache,...learn more »
  • Diarrhea Diarrhea is a change is the frequency and looseness of bowel movements. Symptoms associated with diarrhea are cramping, abdominal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diarrhea Article
    • Diarrhea facts
    • What is diarrhea?
    • What is the definition of diarrhea?
    • What symptoms are associated with diarrhea?
    • What are common causes of acute diarrhea?
    • Traveler's diarrhea
    • Viral gastroenteritis
    • Bacterial enterocolitis
    • Food poisoning
    • Parasites
    • Drugs
    • What are common causes of chronic diarrhea?
    • What kind of a doctor treats diarrhea?
    • When should the doctor be called for diarrhea?
    • How is the cause of diarrhea diagnosed?
    • What home remedies help the symptoms of diarrhea?
    • What medications are used to treat diarrhea?
    • When should antibiotics be used for diarrhea?
    • What are the complications of diarrhea?
    • How can dehydration be prevented and treated?
    • What about treatment of diarrhea in infants and young children?
    • What about treating diarrhea in older children and adults?
  • Fatty Liver Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease occurs due to the accumulation of abnormal amounts of fat within the liver. Fatty liver most...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatty Liver Article
    • Nonalcoholic fatty liver facts
    • What is fatty liver disease?
    • What causes nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatty liver?
    • How is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • Fatty liver and diet
    • Fatty liver, weight loss, and exercise
    • Medications and other treatment options
    • Bariatric surgery
    • Liver transplantation
    • What is the relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and cardiovascular disease?
    • What diseases are associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • What are the complications of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • Does nonalcoholic fatty liver disease occur in children?
  • Food Poisoning Food poisoning is common, but can also be life threatening. The symptoms for food poisoning are fever, abdominal pain, diarrhea,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Food Poisoning Article
    • Food poisoning facts
    • What is food poisoning?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of food poisoning?
    • Are food poisoning and stomach flu the same thing?
    • How long does food poisoning last?
    • What are the types of food poisoning?
    • What are the causes of food poisoning?
    • Short incubation of less than 16 to 24 hours
    • Intermediate incubation from about 1 to 3 days
    • Long incubation of 3 to 5 days
    • Very long incubation of up to a month
    • When should the doctor be called for food poisoning?
    • How is food poisoning diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for food poisoning?
    • Are there any home remedies for food poisoning?
    • How can food poisoning be prevented?
    • What are the complications of food poisoning?
    • What is the prognosis for someone with food poisoning?
  • Uterine Cancer Though uterine cancer's cause is unknown, there are many factors that will put a woman at risk, including being over age 50,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Uterine Cancer Article
    • Uterine cancer facts
    • What is uterus?
    • What are cancer cells?
    • What are the risk factors?
    • Symptoms of uterine cancer
    • Diagnosis of uterine cancer
    • Staging of uterine cancer
    • Treatment of uterine cancer
    • Surgery of uterine cancer
    • Radiation therapy
    • Chemotherapy for uterine cancer
    • Hormone therapy for uterince tumors
    • Second Opinion
    • Nutrition and diet
    • Follow-up Care
    • Sources of Support
    • Taking Part in Cancer Research
  • Liver Cancer Liver cancer is cancer of the liver cells (hepatocellular carcinoma) or of the ducts in the liver (cholangiocarcinoma). Liver...learn more »
    In This Article
    Liver Cancer Article
    • Liver cancer facts
    • What is liver cancer?
    • What is metastatic liver cancer?
    • What causes liver cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for liver cancer?
    • What are liver cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is liver cancer diagnosed?
    • How is liver cancer staged?
    • What is the treatment for liver cancer?
    • What is the follow-up after treatment for liver cancer?
    • What is the prognosis of liver cancer? What are the survival rates for liver cancer?
    • Are there alternative and complementary therapies for liver cancer?
    • Can liver cancer be prevented?
    • Where can you learn more about liver cancer?
  • H. pylori (Helicobacter Pylori ) Infection Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a bacteria that causes chronic inflammation (gastritis) of the inner lining of the stomach,...learn more »
  • Intestinal Gas (Belching, Bloating, Flatulence) Gas (intestinal gas) means different things to different people. Everyone has gas and eliminates it by belching, burping, or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Intestinal Gas (Belching, Bloating, Flatulence) Article
    • Intestinal gas facts
    • What causes belching or burping?
    • What causes bloating?
    • What causes flatulence (gas)?
    • What are the causes of intermittent abdominal bloating/distention?
    • Which specialties of doctors treat excessive gas, belching, bloating, and flatulence?
    • How are the causes of belching, bloating/distention, and flatulence evaluated?
    • What is the treatment for excessive intestinal gas caused by medical conditions?
    • What natural or home remedies help soothe and get rid of intestinal gas?
    • What over-the-counter (OTC) products are available to soothe and cure excessive gas?
    • What foods cause intestinal gas?
    • What's new in intestinal gas?
  • Gallstones Gallstones are stones that form when substances in the bile harden. Gallstones (formed in the gallbladder) can be as small as...learn more »
  • Hiccups Hiccups are a sudden, involuntary contraction of the diaphragm muscle. In general hiccups are just a temporary condition. Some of...learn more »
  • Endometriosis Endometriosis implants are most commonly found on the ovaries, the Fallopian tubes, outer surfaces of the uterus or intestines,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Endometriosis Article
    • Endometriosis facts
    • What is endometriosis?
    • Who is affected by endometriosis?
    • What causes endometriosis?
    • What are the

      symptoms

      endometriosis?
    • Endometriosis and cancer risk
    • Does diet affect endometriosis?
    • How is endometriosis diagnosed?
    • How is endometriosis treated?
    • Medical treatment of endometriosis
    • Surgical treatment of endometriosis
    • Treatment of infertility associated with endometriosis
  • Constipation Constipation is defined medically as fewer than three stools per week and severe constipation as less than one stool per week....learn more »
  • Uterine Fibroids (Benign Tumors of the Uterus) Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that originate in the uterus and are usually round or semi-round in shape. The most common...learn more »
    In This Article
    Uterine Fibroids (Benign Tumors of the Uterus) Article
    • Uterine fibroids facts
    • What are uterine fibroids?
    • What causes uterine fibroids and how common are they?
    • What are the symptomsof uterine fibroids?
    • Do untreated uterine fibroids pose a risk?
    • What are the usual ways of diagnosing uterine fibroids?
    • What is the treatment for uterine fibroids?
    • Surgery for fibroids
    • Medical treatment for fibroids
    • What are the risks of uterine fibroids during pregnancy?
  • Liver (Anatomy and Function) The liver is the largest gland and organ in the body. There are a variety of liver diseases caused by liver inflammation,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Liver (Anatomy and Function) Article
    • Facts about the liver
    • What is the function of the liver?
    • What are symptoms of liver diseases?
    • What does the liver look like, and where is it located in the body?
    • Liver disease causes (fatty liver, cirrhosis, hepatitis, and infections)
    • Liver disease causes (medications, toxins, genetics, cancer, and others)
    • What kind of doctor treats liver disease?
    • How is an examination of the liver performed?
    • What is a liver biopsy?
    • Can diseases of the liver be prevented?
  • Testicular Pain (Pain in the Testicles) Testicular pain, or pain in the testicle or testicles are caused by a variety of diseases or conditions such as testicular...learn more »
    In This Article
    Testicular Pain (Pain in the Testicles) Article
    • Testicular pain facts
    • What is testicular pain (pain in the testicles or balls)?
    • What function do the testicles have?
    • What causes testicular pain?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of conditions causing testicular pain?
    • Testicular torsion symptoms
    • Epididymitis symptoms
    • Torsion of a testicular/scrotum appendage symptoms
    • Kidney stone symptoms
    • Testicular tumor symptoms
    • Trauma symptoms
    • Inguinal hernia symptoms
    • Orchitis symptoms
    • How are the causes of testicular pain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for testicular pain?
    • What are the complications of the conditions causing testicular pain?
    • How can testicular pain be prevented?
  • Ovarian Cancer There are many types of ovarian cancer, epithelial carcinoma is the most common. Women with a family history of ovarian cancer...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ovarian Cancer Article
    • Ovarian cancer facts
    • What is ovarian cancer?
    • Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC)
    • Ovarian low malignant potential tumor (OLMPT; borderline tumor)
    • Germ cell ovarian cancers
    • Stromal ovarian cancers
    • What are ovarian cancer statistics?
    • What are ovarian cancer risk factors?
    • What are ovarian cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is ovarian cancer diagnosed?
    • How is ovarian cancer staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for ovarian cancer?
    • What is the survival rate and prognosis of ovarian cancer?
    • Can ovarian cancer be prevented?
    • How does one cope with ovarian cancer?
  • Ovarian Cysts Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled, sac-like structures within an ovary. Causes of ovarian cysts are numerous. Symptoms of an ovarian...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ovarian Cysts Article
    • Ovarian cysts facts
    • What is the ovary and what are ovarian cysts?
    • What causes ovarian cysts?
    • What symptoms are caused by ovarian cysts?
    • How are ovarian cysts diagnosed?
    • How can the physician decide if an ovarian cyst is dangerous?
    • How are ovarian cysts treated?
    • What are the risks of ovarian cysts during pregnancy?
  • Enlarged Spleen (Splenomegaly) An enlarged spleen or splenomegaly is generally caused by other diseases or conditions such as infections, cancers, blood...learn more »
    In This Article
    Enlarged Spleen (Splenomegaly) Article
    • Enlarged spleen (splenomegaly) facts
    • What is the spleen, and what does it do (function)?
    • What type of pain, and where is the pain located with an enlarged spleen?
    • What are other signs and symptoms of an enlarged spleen?
    • Where is the spleen, and what does it look like?
    • What are the causes of an enlarged spleen?
    • How is the diagnosis of an enlarged spleen made?
    • What is the treatment for an enlarged spleen?
    • What complications are associated with an enlarged spleen?
    • Can an enlarged spleen be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for someone with an enlarged spleen?
  • Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis) Kidney infection (pyelonephritis) usually is caused from bacteria that have spread from the bladder from a UTI (urinary tract...learn more »
  • Spider Bites (Including Black Widow and Brown Recluse) The majority of spiders in the United States are harmless. Two exceptions include the black widow spider and the brown recluse...learn more »
    In This Article
    Spider Bites (Including Black Widow and Brown Recluse) Article
    • Spider bites facts
    • What are the symptoms of spider bites?
    • Black widow spider bite symptoms
    • Brown recluse spider bite symptoms
    • Are spider bites dangerous?
    • What should you do if you are bitten by a spider?
    • What should you do if you are bitten by a black widow or brown recluse spider?
  • Pancreatitis Pancreatitis is a rare disease in which the pancreas becomes inflamed. There are two types of pancreatitis, acute and chronic....learn more »
  • Pancreatic Cancer Pancreatic cancer is a malignant tumor of the pancreas. Pancreatic cancer has been called a "silent" disease because early...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pancreatic Cancer Article
    • Pancreatic cancer facts
    • What does a pancreas do?
    • What is cancer?
    • What is pancreatic cancer and its types?
    • What are pancreatic cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are pancreatic cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer made?
    • How is pancreatic cancer staged?
    • What is the treatment for resectable pancreatic cancer?
    • What is the treatment for locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer?
    • What is the treatment for metastatic pancreatic cancer?
    • What are the side effects of pancreatic cancer treatment?
    • What is the survival rate with pancreatic cancer?
    • What research is being done on pancreatic cancer?
    • Is complimentary or alternative medicine effective in pancreatic cancer treatment?
    • Is it possible to prevent pancreatic cancer?
    • Where can people get support when coping with pancreatic cancer?
    • Where can people find additional information about pancreatic cancer?
  • Crohn's Disease Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disease, primarily involving the small and large intestine, but which can affect...learn more »
    In This Article
    Crohn's Disease Article
    • Crohn's disease facts
    • What is Crohn's disease?
    • What causes Crohn's disease?
    • How does Crohn's disease affect the intestines?
    • How is Crohn's disease different from ulcerative colitis?
    • What are the symptoms of Crohn's disease?
    • What are the complications of Crohn's disease?
    • How is Crohn's disease diagnosed?
    • How is Crohn's disease treated?
    • Crohn's Disease Medications
    • Anti-inflammatory medications
    • 5-ASA (mesalamine) oral medications
    • 5-ASA rectal medications (Rowasa, Canasa)
    • Corticosteroids
    • Budesonide (Entocort EC)
    • Antibiotics for Crohn's disease
    • Immuno-modulator medications
    • Azathioprine (Imuran) and 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP, Purinethol)
    • Infliximab (Remicade)
    • Adalimumab (Humira)
    • Certolizumab pegol (Cimzia)
    • Natalizumab (Tysabri)
    • Methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall)
    • Surgery in Crohn's disease
    • Are there any recommendations for diet, supplementation, or vaccinations for Crohn's disease?
    • Conclusions
  • Ulcerative Colitis Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammation of the colon. Symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding....learn more »
    In This Article
    Ulcerative Colitis Article
    • Ulcerative colitis facts
    • What is ulcerative colitis?
    • What causes ulcerative colitis?
    • What are the symptoms of ulcerative colitis?
    • How is the diagnosis of ulcerative colitis made?
    • What are the complications of ulcerative colitis?
    • What are the treatments for ulcerative colitis?
    • What are ulcerative colitis medications?
    • 5-ASA Compounds
    • Systemic corticosteroids (including side effects)
    • Golimumab (Simponi)
    • What are immunomodulator medications?
    • Summary of medication treatment
    • Surgery for ulcerative colitis
    • Treatment by disease severity and location (based on ACG Practice Guidelines)
    • Are there any special dietary requirements for persons with ulcerative colitis?
    • What research is being done regarding ulcerative colitis?
  • GERD (Acid Reflux, Heartburn) GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is a condition in which the acidified liquid contents of the stomach backs up into the...learn more »
    In This Article
    GERD (Acid Reflux, Heartburn) Article
    • GERD (acid reflux) facts
    • What is GERD or acid reflux?
    • What causes GERD (acid reflux)?
    • What are the symptoms of uncomplicated GERD?
    • What are the complications of GERD?
    • How is GERD or acid reflux diagnosed and evaluated?
    • Symptoms and procedures to diagnose GERD
    • GERD (acid reflux) tests
    • How is GERD (acid reflux) treated?
    • Lifestyle changes and GERD (acid reflux) diet
    • GERD (acid reflux) medications
    • GERD surgery
    • What is a reasonable approach to the management of GERD (acid reflux)?
    • What are the unresolved issues in GERD (acid reflux)?
  • Bladder Infection (Cystitis) Bladder infection is an infection of the bladder, usually caused by bacteria or, rarely, by Candida. Certain people, including...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bladder Infection (Cystitis) Article
    • What is a bladder infection?
    • What causes bladder infections?
    • What are some risk factors for bladder infection?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in women?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in men?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in children?
    • How is a bladder infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a bladder infection?
    • Are home remedies effective for a bladder infection?
    • How is a bladder infection during pregnancy treated?
    • What are potential complications of a bladder infection?
    • Can bladder infections be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a bladder infection?
  • SIBO (Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth) SIBO (Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth) is a condition in which invasive bacteria gather in the small intestine causing...learn more »
    In This Article
    SIBO (Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth) Article
    • Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) facts
    • What causes SIBO?
    • Who is at risk for SIBO?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of SIBO?
    • How is the diagnosis of SIBO made?
    • What is the treatment for SIBO?
    • Can SIBO be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for SIBO?
  • Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is cancer of the lymphatic system, a vital part of the body's immune system. Symptoms and signs include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Article
    • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma facts
    • What is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What is the difference between non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Hodgkin's disease (or Hodgkin's lymphoma)?
    • What causes non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are non-Hodgkin's lymphoma risk factors?
    • What are non-Hodgkin's lymphoma symptoms and signs?
    • What kind of doctors treat non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • How do physicians diagnose non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are the types of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and how is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What is the prognosis and survival rate for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Is it possible to prevent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Where can people find more information about non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
  • Peptic Ulcer (Stomach Ulcer) Peptic or stomach ulcers are ulcers are an ulcer in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. Ulcer formation is related...learn more »
    In This Article
    Peptic Ulcer (Stomach Ulcer) Article
    • Peptic ulcer (stomach, duodenum) definition and facts
    • What is a peptic ulcer?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of peptic ulcers?
    • What causes peptic ulcers?
    • What does a stomach ulcer look like?
    • Which specialties of doctors treat peptic ulcers?
    • How are peptic ulcers diagnosed?
    • Is there a special diet for peptic ulcer disease?
    • What is the treatment for peptic ulcers?
    • Antacids
    • H2 blockers
    • Proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs)
    • H. pylori treatment
    • What are the complications of peptic ulcers?
    • What is the prognosis for a person with peptic ulcer disease?
  • Pancreatic Cysts Pancreatic cysts are collections of fluid within the pancreas. Some are benign, malignant, or pseudocysts. There are two major...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pancreatic Cysts Article
    • What is the pancreas?
    • What are pancreatic cysts?
    • What are the symptoms of pancreatic cysts?
    • What are the causes of pancreatic cysts?
    • Pseudocysts
    • True cysts
    • How are pancreatic cysts diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pancreatic cysts?
  • Typhoid Fever Typhoid fever is an illness caused by the Salmonella typhi bacteria. The illness is contracted by ingesting the bacteria in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Typhoid Fever Article
    • Typhoid fever facts
    • What is typhoid fever? What is the history of typhoid fever?
    • How do patients get typhoid fever?
    • How do the bacteria cause disease, and how is it diagnosed?
    • What are the symptoms of typhoid fever?
    • What is the treatment for typhoid fever, and what is the prognosis?
    • Can typhoid fever be prevented?
  • Urinary Tract Infections in Children Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are very common in children. Symptoms and signs include fever and abdominal pain. Associated...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Tract Infections in Children Article
    • Urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children facts
    • What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)?
    • What causes urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children?
    • What are risk factors for UTIs in children?
    • What are symptoms and signs of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children?
    • What type of doctors treat UTIs in children?
    • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose UTIs in children?
    • Are there any home remedies for UTIs in children?
    • How long do UTIs in children last?
    • Are UTIs in children contagious?
    • What is the treatment for UTIs in children?
    • Is it possible to prevent UTIs in children?
    • What is the prognosis for UTIs in children?
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a GI (gastrointestinal) disorder with signs and symptoms of abdominal pain, bloating, increased...learn more »
    In This Article
    Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Article
    • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) facts
    • What irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) causes and risk factors?
    • What are irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms and signs?
    • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
    • What are irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) treatments?
    • IBS medications
    • Is there an irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) diet?
    • What lifestyle changes may help IBS symptoms and signs?
    • Is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) related to small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)?
    • What types of doctors treat IBS?
    • Is it possible to prevent IBS?
    • What are potential complications of IBS?
    • What is the prognosis for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
  • Abdominal Adhesions (Scar Tissue) Abdominal adhesions (scar tissue) bands of scar tissue that form between abdominal organs and tissues. Symptoms of abdominal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Abdominal Adhesions (Scar Tissue) Article
    • Abdominal adhesions facts*
    • What are abdominal adhesions?
    • What causes abdominal adhesions?
    • How can abdominal adhesions cause intestinal obstruction?
    • How can abdominal adhesions cause female infertility?
    • What are the symptoms of abdominal adhesions?
    • What are the symptoms of an intestinal obstruction?
    • How are abdominal adhesions and intestinal obstructions diagnosed?
    • How are abdominal adhesions and intestinal obstructions treated?
    • Can abdominal adhesions be prevented?
  • Fibromyalgia Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition characterized by symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, and tender points. Stress...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fibromyalgia Article
    • Fibromyalgia facts
    • What is fibromyalgia?
    • What causes fibromyalgia?
    • Is fibromyalgia hereditary?
    • What are risk factors for fibromyalgia?
    • What are fibromyalgia symptoms and signs? What are fibromyalgia tender points?
    • How do physicians diagnose fibromyalgia?
    • What specialties of doctors treat fibromyalgia?
    • What is the treatment for fibromyalgia?
    • Are there any home remedies for fibromyalgia?
    • What is the prognosis of fibromyalgia?
    • Is it possible to prevent fibromyalgia?
    • Are there support groups for fibromyalgia?
    • What is the latest research on fibromyalgia?
  • Uterine Growths Benign uterine growths are tissue enlargements of the female womb (uterus). Three types of benign uterine growths are uterine...learn more »
    In This Article
    Uterine Growths Article
    • What are uterine growths?
    • What are uterine fibroids?
    • What are the symptoms of uterine fibroids and what do they look like?
    • How are uterine fibroids diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for uterine fibroids?
    • Surgery for uterine fibroids
    • Other medical treatment for uterine fibroids
    • What are the complications of uterine fibroids?
    • What is adenomyosis?
    • What are the symptoms of adenomyosis and what does it look like?
    • How is adenomyosis diagnosed?
    • How is adenomyosis treated?
    • What are uterine polyps?
    • What are the symptoms of uterine polyps and what do they look like?
    • How are uterine polyps diagnosed and treated?
  • Eosinophilic Esophagitis Eosinophilic esophagitis is an inflammation of the esophagus. Eosinophilic esophagitis has many causes including acid reflux,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Eosinophilic Esophagitis Article
    • Eosinophilic esophagitis facts
    • What is eosinophilic esophagitis?
    • What causes eosinophilic esophagitis?
    • What are the symptoms of eosinophilic esophagitis?
    • How does eosinophilic esophagitis cause dysphagia?
    • What are the other causes of dysphagia for solid food?
    • How is eosinophilic esophagitis diagnosed?
    • How is eosinophilic esophagitis treated?
    • What about elimination diets for treating eosinophilic esophagitis?
    • What is the future of eosinophilic esophagitis?
  • Top 12 Foods That Cause Constipation Constipation or the decrease in frequency and/or difficulty in passing stools (bowel movements) can be caused by a variety...learn more »
  • Drug-Induced Liver Disease Drug-induced liver diseases are diseases of the liver that are caused by: physician-prescribed medications, OTC...learn more »
    In This Article
    Drug-Induced Liver Disease Article
    • What is drug-induced liver disease?
    • What is the liver?
    • What are the symptoms of liver disease?
    • How do drugs cause liver disease?
    • What types of liver disease do drugs cause?
    • Elevated blood levels of liver enzymes
    • Acute and chronic hepatitis
    • Acute liver failure
    • Cholestasis
    • Steatosis (fatty liver)
    • Cirrhosis
    • Hepatic vein thrombosis
    • How is drug-induced liver disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for drug-induced liver disease?
    • What are some important examples of drug-induced liver disease?
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is the most common and serious complication of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), aside from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Article
    • Pelvic inflammatory disease facts*
    • What causes pelvic inflammatory disease?
    • How common is pelvic inflammatory disease?
    • Are some women more likely to get pelvic inflammatory disease?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease?
    • What is the treatment for pelvic inflammatory disease?
    • What should I do if I think I have an STI (sexually transmitted disease)
    • How can I keep myself from getting PID?
  • Arsenic Poisoning Arsenic comes in two forms, inorganic and organic. Organic arsenic poisoning is usually not poisonous to humans; however,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Arsenic Poisoning Article
    • Arsenic facts
    • What is arsenic?
    • What is inorganic arsenic?
    • What is organic arsenic?
    • What are the symptoms of arsenic poisoning?
    • How is arsenic poisoning diagnosed?
    • How is arsenic poisoning treated?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of arsenic poisoning?
    • In what foods (rice), products (apple juice) , or liquids (water) is arsenic found, where it is used, and what are safe limits?
  • Head and Neck Cancer Head and neck cancer is cancer of the oral cavity, salivary glands, paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, or lymph...learn more »
    In This Article
    Head and Neck Cancer Article
    • Head and neck cancer facts*
    • What is cancer?
    • What kinds of cancers are considered cancers of the head and neck?
    • How common are head and neck cancers?
    • What causes head and neck cancers?
    • What are common symptoms of head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers diagnosed?
    • What health professionals treat patients with head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers treated?
    • Are clinical trials (research studies) available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • What rehabilitation or support options are available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • Is follow-up treatment necessary? What does it involve?
    • What can people who have had head and neck cancer do to reduce the risk of developing a second primary (new) cancer?
  • Clostridium Difficile Colitis (Antibiotic-Associated Colitis, C. difficile colitis) Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a bacterium, and is one of the most common causes of infection of the colon. C. difficile...learn more »
    In This Article
    Clostridium Difficile Colitis (Antibiotic-Associated Colitis, C. difficile colitis) Article
    • Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) facts
    • What is Clostridium difficile (C. difficile?)
    • What Clostridium difficile colitis?
    • How does Clostridium difficile cause colitis?
    • What are the symptoms of Clostridium difficile colitis?
    • Which antibiotics cause Clostridium difficile colitis?
    • How is Clostridium difficile colitis diagnosed?
    • How is Clostridium difficile colitis treated?
    • Why are there relapses of Clostridium difficile colitis?
    • How are relapses of Clostridium difficile colitis treated?
    • What is new in Clostridium difficile?
  • Microscopic Colitis (Lymphocytic Colitis and Collagenous Colitis) Microscopic colitis (lymphocytic colitis and collagenous colitis) is a disease of inflammation of the colon. Microscopic colitis...learn more »
    In This Article
    Microscopic Colitis (Lymphocytic Colitis and Collagenous Colitis) Article
    • What is colitis?
    • What diseases are not colitis?
    • What is microscopic colitis?
    • What causes microscopic colitis?
    • What are the symptoms of microscopic colitis?
    • How common is microscopic colitis and who is at risk?
    • When should I seek medical care for microscopic colitis?
    • How is microscopic colitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for microscopic colitis?
    • Can microscopic colitis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of microscopic colitis?
  • Gastroenteritis (Stomach Flu) Gastroenteritis (or stomach flu) is a term referred used to describe a variety of gastrointestinal problems. The most common...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gastroenteritis (Stomach Flu) Article
    • Definition of gastroenteritis
    • What causes gastroenteritis?
    • What are the most common causes of gastroenteritis?
    • What are the symptoms of gastroenteritis?
    • Is gastroenteritis contagious?
    • Who is at risk for gastroenteritis?
    • How is gastroenteritis transmitted?
    • How does food become contaminated with gastroenteritis-causing bacteria or viruses?
    • How is gastroenteritis diagnosed?
    • How is gastroenteritis treated?
    • When should I call my doctor for gastroenteritis?
    • What are complications of gastroenteritis?
    • Can gastroenteritis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for gastroenteritis?
  • Hypercalcemia (Elevated Calcium Levels) Hypercalcemia is a condition in which calcium levels in the blood are elevated. Hypercalcemia is associated with other conditions...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypercalcemia (Elevated Calcium Levels) Article
    • Hypercalcemia facts
    • Hypercalcemia Introduction
    • What are the causes of hypercalcemia?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of hypercalcemia?
    • How is hypercalcemia diagnosed?
    • How is hypercalcemia treated?
    • What is the prognosis for hypercalcemia?
    • Can hypercalcemia be prevented?
  • Indigestion (Dyspepsia, Upset Stomach) Dyspepsia (indigestion) is a functional disease in which the gastrointestinal organs, primarily the stomach and first part of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Indigestion (Dyspepsia, Upset Stomach) Article
    • Dyspepsia (indigestion) facts
    • What is dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What are the symptoms of dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What causes dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What is the course of dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What are the complications of dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • How is dyspepsia diagnosed (indigestion)?
    • Exclusion of other diseases
    • Specific tests of gastrointestinal function
    • How is dyspepsia (indigestion) treated and relieved?
    • What is a reasonable approach to the diagnosis and treatment of dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What is in the future for dyspepsia (indigestion)?
  • Scarlet Fever (Scarlatina) Scarlet fever, a bacterial infection caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria, causes symptoms and signs such as fever, rash with...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scarlet Fever (Scarlatina) Article
    • Scarlet fever facts
    • What is scarlet fever?
    • What causes scarlet fever?
    • What is the incubation period for scarlet fever?
    • What are risk factors for scarlet fever?
    • What is the contagious period for scarlet fever?
    • What are scarlet fever symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose scarlet fever?
    • What is the treatment for scarlet fever?
    • What are complications of scarlet fever?
    • What is the prognosis of scarlet fever? What are the long-term effects of scarlet fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent scarlet fever? Is there a scarlet fever vaccine?
  • Salmonella Salmonella infection (salmonellosis) is typically caused by the consumption of contaminated foods. Symptoms of salmonellosis...learn more »
    In This Article
    Salmonella Article
    • Salmonella food poisoning facts
    • What is Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What causes Salmonella outbreaks? How does Salmonella spread?
    • What are risk factors for Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What are symptoms and signs of Salmonella poisoning?
    • Is Salmonella contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for a Salmonella infection?
    • What is the contagious period for salmonellosis?
    • What kinds of doctors treat Salmonella food poisoning?
    • How do physicians diagnose Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What is the treatment for Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What are complications of Salmonella food poisoning?
    • What is the prognosis of Salmonella food poisoning?
    • Is it possible to prevent Salmonella food poisoning?
  • Rotavirus Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe diarrhea among infants and children throughout the world. Almost all children have...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rotavirus Article
    • Rotavirus infection facts
    • What is rotavirus?
    • What causes rotavirus infection?
    • What are risk factors for rotavirus infection?
    • Can adults get a rotavirus infection?
    • What is the incubation period for rotavirus?
    • What are rotavirus symptoms and signs?
    • Is rotavirus contagious? How long is rotavirus contagious?
    • How is rotavirus transmitted?
    • How is rotavirus diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a rotavirus infection?
    • What is the prognosis of rotavirus infection?
    • Can rotavirus infection be prevented with a vaccine? Are any side effects associated with the rotavirus vaccine?
  • Giardia Lamblia Giardiasis (Giardia lamblia) is a parasite responsible for a common form of infectious diarrhea. The parasite lives in two...learn more »
    In This Article
    Giardia Lamblia Article
    • What is giardiasis?
    • Who is at risk for giardiasis?
    • What signs and symptoms does giardiasis cause?
    • How is giardiasis diagnosed?
    • How is giardiasis treated?
    • How can giardiasis be prevented?
  • Norovirus Infection Norovirus infection causes stomach flu, or gastroenteritis. It's a very contagious illness with symptoms that include nausea and...learn more »
  • Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Abdominal aortic aneurysm is a ballooning or widening of the main artery (the aorta) as it courses down through the abdomen. Most...learn more »
    In This Article
    Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Article
    • Abdominal aortic aneurysm facts
    • What is an aneurysm?
    • What is an aortic aneurysm?
    • What is the thoracic and abdominal aorta?
    • Where do aortic aneurysms tend to develop?
    • What shape are most aortic aneurysms?
    • What is inside an aortic aneurysm?
    • Who is most likely to have an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
    • What are risk factors for aortic aneurysms?
    • What is the most common cause of aortic aneurysms?
    • What are other causes of aortic aneurysms?
    • What are the symptoms of an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
    • How is an abdominal aortic aneurysm diagnosed clinically?
    • What tests help in the diagnosis of an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
    • What is the natural history of abdominal aortic aneurysms?
    • What are the complications with an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
    • How are abdominal aortic aneurysms repaired?
    • What is done if an abdominal aortic aneurysm threatens to rupture?
    • What is the medical management (nonsurgical management) of abdominal aortic aneurysm?
  • Hydronephrosis Distention of the kidney with urine. Hydronephrosis is caused by obstruction of urine outflow (for example, by a stone blocking...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hydronephrosis Article
    • Hydronephrosis facts
    • What is hydronephrosis?
    • What causes hydronephrosis?
    • What are the symptoms of hydronephrosis?
    • When should I seek medical care for hydronephrosis?
    • How is hydronephrosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hydronephrosis?
    • What are the complications of hydronephrosis?
    • Can hydronephrosis be prevented?
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Intestinal Problems of IBD) The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). The intestinal complications of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Intestinal Problems of IBD) Article
    • Inflammatory bowel disease facts
    • What is inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?
    • What are the intestinal complications of IBD?
    • Are the intestinal complications of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease different?
    • Do intestinal ulcers occur in IBD?
    • How are ulcers in IBD diagnosed and treated?
    • Does gastrointestinal bleeding occur in IBD?
    • How is gastrointestinal bleeding in IBD diagnosed and treated?
    • How do intestinal strictures form in IBD?
    • What are symptoms of intestinal strictures, and how are they diagnosed and treated?
    • What are intestinal fistulas?
    • What symptoms do fistulas cause and how are they diagnosed and treated?
    • What are fissures and how are they treated?
    • What is small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)?
    • Does colon cancer occur in IBD?
    • What should be done about polyps in IBD?
    • What is toxic megacolon and what are its causes and symptoms?
    • What kind of malabsorption occurs in IBD?
  • Lactose Intolerance In lactose intolerance, the digestive system cannot digest lactose (the main sugar in milk). Symptoms of lactose intolerance...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lactose Intolerance Article
    • Lactose intolerance facts
    • What is lactose intolerance?
    • What causes lactose intolerance?
    • What are the symptoms of lactose intolerance?
    • How are lactase deficiency and lactose intolerance diagnosed?
    • Elimination diet
    • Milk challenge
    • Breath test
    • Blood glucose test
    • Stool acidity test
    • What are the sources of lactose in the diet?
    • How is lactose intolerance treated?
    • What are the long-term consequences of lactose intolerance?
    • What is new in lactose intolerance?
  • Is Strep Throat Contagious? Strep throat is caused by group A streptococcus bacterium. Symptoms of strep throat are sore throat, white patches or spots on...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Strep Throat Contagious? Article
    • What is strep throat?
    • Is strep throat contagious?
    • How do I know I have strep throat?
    • How is strep throat spread?
    • How do I know when I'm cured of strep throat?
    • When should I seek medical care for strep throat?
  • Celiac Disease Celiac disease is a condition in which a person has inflammation of the small intestinal mucosa when exposed to gluten in the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Celiac Disease Article
    • Celiac disease facts
    • What causes celiac disease?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of celiac disease?
    • Are there other diseases or conditions associated with celiac disease?
    • How is celiac disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for celiac disease?
    • What are the complications of celiac disease?
    • What is a gluten-free diet?
  • Tylenol Liver Damage Tylenol liver damage (acetaminophen) can occur from accidentally ingesting too much acetaminophen, or intentionally....learn more »
    In This Article
    Tylenol Liver Damage Article
    • Acetaminophen (Tylenol) liver damage facts
    • "Is it safe for me to take Tylenol?"
    • Do the recommended doses of Tylenol cause any liver damage?
    • Why should we know that the generic name of Tylenol is acetaminophen?
    • Just how much acetaminophen is safe to take?
    • How is acetaminophen processed (metabolized) in the body?
    • How does an overdose of acetaminophen cause liver injury?
    • Is overdose with acetaminophen usually accidental or intentional?
    • How can accidental overdose be avoided in adults?
    • How can overdose be avoided in children?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of acetaminophen-induced liver damage?
    • What should be done if acetaminophen toxicity is suspected?
  • Stomach Cancer Though the cause of stomach cancer is unknown, risk factors for stomach cancer include diet, H. pylori infection, smoking age,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stomach Cancer Article
    • Stomach cancer facts*
    • What is the stomach?
    • What is cancer, and how does stomach cancer spread?
    • What are risk factors and causes of stomach cancer?
    • What are symptoms of stomach cancer?
    • How is stomach cancer diagnosed?
    • How is staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for stomach cancer?
    • Surgery
    • Chemotherapy
    • Radiation therapy
    • How do I go about getting a second opinion?
    • What are some of the nutritional concerns of stomach cancer patients?
    • What are treatment options for cancer that blocks the digestive tract?
    • What follow-up care is necessary for stomach cancer patients? What about complementary and alternative medicine?
    • What support is there for cancer patients?
    • How can I take part in clinical trials for stomach cancer?
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS or SEID) Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID) is a debilitating and complex disorder...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS or SEID) Article
    • Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID) facts
    • What is chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS or SEID)?
    • What causes chronic fatigue syndrome or systemic exertional intolerance disease?
    • What are risk factors for CFS/SEID?
    • What are systemic exertion intolerance disease or chronic fatigue syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • What are CFS/SEID symptoms in men?
    • What are SEID/CFS symptoms in women?
    • How is chronic fatigue syndrome (or systemic exertion intolerance disease) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for CFS/SEID?
    • Is there a cure for CFS/SEID?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for CFS/SEID?
    • Is it possible to prevent CFS/SEID?
    • Where can people find additional information about CFS/SEID?
  • Abdominal Migraines in Children and Adults Abdominal migraine in adults and children is a variant of migraine headaches. Abdominal migraine in children generally occurs in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Abdominal Migraines in Children and Adults Article
    • Abdominal migraine in children facts
    • What is abdominal migraine?
    • What causes abdominal migraine?
    • What are the symptoms of abdominal migraine?
    • How is abdominal migraine diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of abdominal migraine?
    • Medications to treat abdominal migraine
    • What is the prognosis for abdominal migraine?
  • Marfan Syndrome Marfan syndrome is hereditary condition affecting connective tissue. A person with Marfan syndrome may exhibit the following...learn more »
    In This Article
    Marfan Syndrome Article
    • Marfan syndrome facts*
    • What is Marfan syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of Marfan syndrome?
    • What causes Marfan syndrome?
    • How is Marfan syndrome diagnosed?
    • What types of doctors treat Marfan syndrome?
    • What treatment options are available for Marfan syndrome?
    • What are some of the emotional and psychological effects of Marfan syndrome?
    • What research is being conducted on Marfan syndrome?
    • Where can people find additional information about Marfan syndrome?
  • Bile Duct Cancer (Cholangiocarcinoma) Bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma) is a rare type of cancer that arises from cells that line the drainage system from the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bile Duct Cancer (Cholangiocarcinoma) Article
    • What is bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma)? What are causes and risk factors for bile duct cancer?
    • What are bile duct cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is bile duct cancer diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for bile duct cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for bile duct cancer? What is the life expectancy for bile duct cancer?
    • Can bile duct cancer be prevented?
    • What are the statistics for bile duct cancer?
  • Early Pregnancy Symptoms Pregnancy symptoms can vary from woman to woman, and not all women experience the same symptoms. When women do experience...learn more »
    In This Article
    Early Pregnancy Symptoms Article
    • Pregnancy symptoms facts
    • Are pregnancy symptoms the same for every woman?
    • 13 signs and symptoms of early pregnancy
    • What are the later signs and symptoms of pregnancy?
    • What options help soothe and relieve pregnancy symptoms?
  • Travelers' Diarrhea Travelers' diarrhea is generally contracted by eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water. Food is the primary...learn more »
    In This Article
    Travelers' Diarrhea Article
    • Travelers' diarrhea facts
    • What is travelers' diarrhea?
    • How common is travelers' diarrhea?
    • What causes travelers' diarrhea?
    • What are the symptoms of travelers' diarrhea?
    • How is travelers' diarrhea diagnosed?
    • How is travelers' diarrhea treated?
    • What is the prognosis for travelers' diarrhea?
    • How can travelers' diarrhea be prevented?
  • Is C. diff (Clostridium difficile) Contagious? C. diff, or Clostridium difficile, is a bacteria that infects the colon. C. diff bacteria can be found on: furniture,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is C. diff (Clostridium difficile) Contagious? Article
    • What is C. diff (Clostridium difficile)?
    • Is C. diff (Clostridium difficile) contagious?
    • How do I know if I have an infection caused by C. diff?
    • How does C diff spread?
    • How will I know if I am no longer contagious for C. diff?
    • When should I seek medical care for C. diff?
  • Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS) Cyclic vomiting syndrome is a condition in which affected individuals have severe nausea and vomiting that come in cycles....learn more »
    In This Article
    Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS) Article
    • Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) facts
    • What is cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS)?
    • What are the phases of cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What are causes, triggers, and risk factors of cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What are cyclic vomiting syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What specialists treat cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • Are there home remedies for cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS)? Can dietary changes help CVS?
    • What are the complications if cyclic vomiting syndrome is not treated?
    • What is the relationship between cyclic vomiting syndrome and migraines?
    • What other features and conditions accompany cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS)? What is the prognosis for CVS?
    • How common is cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS)?
    • What are the genetic changes related to cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • How do people inherit cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What other names do people use for cyclic vomiting syndrome?
  • Henoch-Schonlein Purpura Henoch-Schonlein Purpura (HSP or anaphylactoid purpura), a type of blood vessel inflammation, results in rash, arthritis, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Henoch-Schonlein Purpura Article
    • Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) facts
    • What is Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP)?
    • What causes HSP?
    • What are risk factors for HSP?
    • What are HSP symptoms and signs?
    • How is HSP diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for HSP?
    • What are complications of HSP?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with HSP?
    • Can HSP be prevented?
  • Streptococcal Infections Group A streptococcal infections are caused by group A streptococcus, a bacteria that causes a variety of health problems,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Streptococcal Infections Article
    • Group A streptococcal infections facts
    • What is group A Streptococcus (GAS)?
    • How are group A streptococcal (GAS) infections contracted?
    • What diseases are caused by group A streptococcal infection?
    • Are group A strep infections contagious?
    • What is the contagious period for group A strep infections?
    • What is the incubation period for group A strep infections?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of GAS infections?
    • What is invasive group A streptococcal disease? Who is most at risk for getting invasive GAS disease?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of necrotizing fasciitis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of toxic shock syndrome (TSS)?
    • How are group A streptococcal (GAS) infections diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for invasive group A streptococcal disease?
    • What specialists treat group A streptococcal infections?
    • What complications are seen with group A streptococcal infections?
    • Is it possible to prevent group A streptococcal infections?
    • What is the prognosis for group A streptococcal infections?
    • Where can people find more information about group A streptococcal infections?
  • Still's Disease Still's disease (systemic-onset juvenile rheumatoid arthritis) is a disorder characterized by inflammation with high fever...learn more »
    In This Article
    Still's Disease Article
    • Still's disease facts
    • What is Still's disease?
    • What causes Still's disease?
    • What are risk factors for Still's disease?
    • How does Still's disease relate to juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What are Still's disease symptoms and signs?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose Still's disease?
    • What is the frequency of Still's disease and its features?
    • What is the treatment for Still's disease?
    • Is it possible to prevent Still's disease?
    • What types of specialists treat Still's disease?
    • What Still's disease research is being done?
    • What is the prognosis of Still's disease?
  • Leptospirosis Leptospirosis is an infectious disease that causes symptoms such as fever, headache, and chills. Treatment for leptospirosis...learn more »
    In This Article
    Leptospirosis Article
    • Leptospirosis facts
    • What is leptospirosis?
    • What causes leptospirosis?
    • What are risk factors for leptospirosis?
    • What are leptospirosis symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose leptospirosis?
    • What is the treatment for leptospirosis?
    • What is the prognosis of leptospirosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent leptospirosis?
  • Pheochromocytoma Pheochromocytoma is a tumor of the adrenal gland. Pheochromocytomas are quite rare and the vast majority of them are entirely...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pheochromocytoma Article
    • Pheochromocytoma facts
    • What is a pheochromocytoma?
    • What are the symptoms of a pheochromocytoma?
    • What conditions are associated with pheochromocytomas?
    • What else can cause the symptoms of a pheochromocytoma?
    • How is pheochromocytoma diagnosed?
    • How is a pheochromocytoma treated?
    • What is the prognosis with a pheochromocytoma?
  • Ulcerative Colitis Diet An ulcerative colitis diet plan can help a person with the disease avoid foods and drinks that trigger flares. There also are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ulcerative Colitis Diet Article
    • What is ulcerative colitis?
    • What are the symptoms of ulcerative colitis?
    • What causes ulcerative colitis?
    • What is an ulcerative colitis diet?
    • 19 trigger foods to avoid with an ulcerative colitis diet plan
    • What foods help manage and soothe ulcerative colitis flares?
    • How can I track foods that cause flare-ups and trigger symptoms of my ulcerative colitis?
    • What other things trigger ulcerative colitis symptoms and flare-ups?
    • Which specialties of health-care professionals prescribe an ulcerative colitis diet?
  • Histoplasmosis Histoplasmosis is a disease caused by a fungus called Histoplasma capsulatum. The symptoms are similar to those of pneumonia and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Histoplasmosis Article
    • Histoplasmosis facts
    • What is histoplasmosis?
    • What causes histoplasmosis?
    • What are risk factors for histoplasmosis?
    • What are histoplasmosis symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose histoplasmosis?
    • What is the treatment for histoplasmosis?
    • What is the prognosis of histoplasmosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent histoplasmosis?
  • Chagas Disease (American Trypanosomiasis or Kissing Bug Disease) Chagas disease is an infection caused by the T. cruzi parasite. Symptoms of Chagas disease include rash, swollen lymph nodes,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chagas Disease (American Trypanosomiasis or Kissing Bug Disease) Article
    • Chagas disease (kissing bug disease) facts
    • What is Chagas disease?
    • What is the history of Chagas disease?
    • What causes Chagas disease?
    • Is Chagas disease contagious?
    • What are the risk factors for Chagas disease?
    • What are symptoms and signs of Chagas disease?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose Chagas disease?
    • What is the treatment for Chagas disease?
    • What types of physicians treat Chagas disease?
    • Can transmission of Chagas disease be prevented with a vaccine?
    • What is the prognosis for Chagas disease?
    • What are the complications of Chagas disease?
    • What research is being done for Chagas disease?
  • Food Allergy The most common food allergies are to eggs, nuts, milk, peanuts, fish, shellfish, strawberries and tomatoes. Symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Food Allergy Article
    • Food allergy facts
    • What is a food allergy?
    • What causes allergic reactions to food?
    • What are food allergy symptoms and signs?
    • What are food allergy risk factors?
    • Do infants and children have problems with food allergy?
    • What are the most common food allergies?
    • What is cross-reactivity?
    • What is oral allergy syndrome?
    • What is exercise-induced food allergy?
    • What conditions have mistakenly been attributed to food allergy?
    • What conditions mimic food allergy?
    • How is food allergy diagnosed? What tests are used to diagnose food allergies?
    • What is the treatment for a food allergy?
    • Are allergy shots effective in preventing or decreasing food allergy?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for food allergy?
  • Typhus Typhus is a disease caused by Rickettsia bacteria. Symptoms and signs include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Typhus Article
    • Typhus facts
    • What is typhus? Are there different types of typhus?
    • What is the history of typhus?
    • What causes typhus? How is typhus transmitted?
    • What are typhus risk factors?
    • What are typhus symptoms and signs?
    • How is typhus diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for typhus?
    • What is the prognosis of typhus?
    • Can typhus be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about typhus?
  • Hantavirus Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a disease transmitted by rodents. Symptoms include fever and muscle pain. HPS can be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hantavirus Article
    • Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) facts
    • What is hantavirus? What is hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS)?
    • What is the history of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What causes hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • Is hantavirus contagious?
    • How long is hantavirus contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for hantavirus?
    • What are hantavirus pulmonary syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is hantavirus pulmonary syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What specialties of doctors treat hantavirus?
    • What are complications of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • Where can people get more information on hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
  • Gallbladder Cancer Gallbladder cancer is a rare form of cancer with symptoms that include jaundice, abdominal pain, fever, nausea and vomiting,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gallbladder Cancer Article
    • Gallbladder cancer facts*
    • What is gallbladder cancer?
    • What are risk factors for gallbladder cancer?
    • What are symptoms and signs of gallbladder cancer?
    • What exams and tests are used to diagnose gallbladder cancer?
    • What factors affects the prognosis for gallbladder cancer?
    • How is the staging of gallbladder cancer determined?
    • What is the treatment for gallbladder cancer?
    • Where can people get more information about gallbladder cancer?
  • Melanosis Coli Melanosis coli is a condition that is often associated with prolonged laxative use. Dark pigment forms in the wall of the large...learn more »
    In This Article
    Melanosis Coli Article
    • What is melanosis coli?
    • What are the symptoms of melanosis coli?
    • What causes melanosis coli?
    • How is melanosis coli diagnosed?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of melanosis coli?
  • Anthrax Anthrax is a deadly infectious disease that may be transmitted to humans by infected animals or by biological warfare. There are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anthrax Article
    • Anthrax facts
    • What is anthrax? Is anthrax contagious?
    • What causes anthrax?
    • How is anthrax contracted?
    • How common is anthrax? What are risk factors for anthrax infection?
    • How long is the incubation period with anthrax?
    • What kinds of diseases does anthrax cause? What are the signs and symptoms of anthrax infections?
    • What specialists treat anthrax?
    • How is the diagnosis made of anthrax?
    • What is the treatment for anthrax?
    • Is it possible to prevent anthrax? Is there an anthrax vaccine?
    • What is the prognosis for anthrax infections?
  • Laxatives for Constipation Laxatives for treatment of constipation include over-the-counter preparations such as bulk-forming laxatives, stool softeners,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Laxatives for Constipation Article
    • Laxatives for constipation facts
    • What is constipation?
    • What are the causes of constipation?
    • When should a doctor be consulted for constipation?
    • What natural remedies can a person take for constipation?
    • What over-the-counter preparations can be used for constipation?
    • Bulk-forming laxatives
    • Stool softeners (emollient laxatives)
    • Lubricant laxatives
    • Stimulant laxatives
    • Saline laxatives and osmotic laxatives
    • Enemas and suppositories
    • How is constipation treated in infants and children?
    • How is constipation treated during pregnancy?
  • GERD and GER (Acid Reflux) in Infants and Children GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is the upward movement of stomach content, including acid, into the esophagus and...learn more »
    In This Article
    GERD and GER (Acid Reflux) in Infants and Children Article
    • What are GER and GERD in infants and children?
    • What causes GER and GERD in infants and children?
    • What are the symptoms of GER and GERD in infants and children?
    • How are GER and GERD in infants and children diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for GER in infants?
    • How are GER and GERD treated in infants and children?
    • What is the prognosis for GER and GERD in infants and children?
  • Is Hepatitis A Contagious? Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis A is one type of hepatitis. Hepatitis is transmitted person to person, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Hepatitis A Contagious? Article
    • What is hepatitis A?
    • Is hepatitis A contagious?
    • How will I know if I have hepatitis A?
    • How is hepatitis A spread?
    • How will I know if I am cured of hepatitis A?
    • When should I contact a doctor about hepatitis A?
  • Anorexia Anorexia is an eating disorder characterized by markedly reduced appetite or total aversion to food. Anorexia is a serious...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anorexia Article
    • Anorexia nervosa facts
    • What is anorexia nervosa?
    • Who is at risk for anorexia nervosa?
    • What causes anorexia nervosa?
    • How is anorexia nervosa diagnosed?
    • What are anorexia symptoms and signs (psychological and behavioral)?
    • What are anorexia symptoms, signs, and complications (physical)?
    • What is the treatment for anorexia nervosa?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of anorexia nervosa?
    • How can anorexia nervosa be prevented?
    • The future of anorexia nervosa
    • Where can a person get help for anorexia nervosa?
  • Plague (Black Death) Plague is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis. Transmission to humans occurs via fleas that have bitten...learn more »
    In This Article
    Plague (Black Death) Article
    • Plague (Black Death) facts
    • What is plague? What is the history of plague?
    • What causes plague?
    • What are risk factors for plague?
    • What is the incubation period for plague?
    • What are plague symptoms and signs? What are the different types of plague?
    • Is plague contagious? How is plague transmitted?
    • What is the contagious period for pneumonic plague?
    • How do physicians diagnose plague?
    • What is the treatment for plague?
    • What is the prognosis of plague?
    • Is it possible to prevent plague? Is there a plague vaccine?
    • Could plague be used as a biological weapon?
  • Hirschsprung's Disease Hirschsprung's disease (Hirschsprung), is a disease of the nerve cells of of the large intestine. The primary symptom of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hirschsprung's Disease Article
    • What is Hirschsprung's disease?
    • What are the large intestine, colon, rectum, and anus?
    • Why does Hirschsprung's disease cause constipation?
    • What causes Hirschsprung's disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Hirschsprung's disease?
    • How is Hirschsprung's disease treated?
    • What will my child's life be like after surgery?
    • If I have more children, will they also have Hirschsprung's disease?
    • Hirschsprung's Disease At A Glance
  • Colic in Babies Colic is crying or fussing that begins suddenly, lasting for a total of three hours a day and happening more than three days a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Colic in Babies Article
    • Colic facts
    • What is colic?
    • What are colic symptoms and signs in babies?
    • What can be done to help with colic in babies?
    • What can the doctor do to help a colicky baby? What is the treatment for colic in an infant?
  • Intussusception Intussusception is the telescoping (prolapse) of a portion of the intestine within another immediately adjacent portion of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Intussusception Article
    • Intussusception facts
    • What is intussusception?
    • What happens during intussusception?
    • Is intussusception an urgent problem?
    • Who is at greatest risk for intussusception?
    • What causes intussusception?
    • Why is rapid diagnosis of intussusception important?
    • What are the symptoms of intussusception?
    • How is intussusception diagnosed?
    • Is it necessary to operate when there is intussusception?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with intussusception?
  • Mucormycosis Mucormycosis (zygomycosis) is a fungal infection caused by Zygomycetes. Symptoms and signs include fever, headache, coughing,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mucormycosis Article
    • Mucormycosis (zygomycosis) facts
    • What is mucormycosis?
    • What causes mucormycosis?
    • What are risk factors for mucormycosis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of mucormycosis?
    • How is mucormycosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of mucormycosis?
    • What are complications of mucormycosis?
    • What is the prognosis of mucormycosis?
    • Can mucormycosis be prevented?
    • What research is being done on mucormycosis?
    • Where can people find more information on mucormycosis?
  • Hepatic Hemangioma Hepatic hemangiomas are referred to as tumors, however, they not malignant and do not become cancerous. Hemangiomas can occur in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatic Hemangioma Article
    • What is a hepatic hemangioma?
    • What are the symptoms of a hepatic hemangioma?
    • How is the diagnosis of a hepatic hemangioma made?
    • What is the treatment for hepatic hemangioma?
  • Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC) Primary sclerosing cholangitis or PSC is a disease of the liver. The cause of PSC is not known. Symptoms may include itching,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC) Article
    • Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) definition
    • What causes primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • What are the risk factors for primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • How is the diagnosis of primary sclerosing cholangitis made?
    • What is the treatment for primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • Medications
    • Liver transplant
    • What complications are associated with primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • Can primary sclerosing cholangitis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis and life expectancy for a person with primary sclerosing cholangitis?
  • Schistosomiasis Schistosomiasis (snail fever), a disease caused by parasites, causes a variety of symptoms and signs, such as cough, rash and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Schistosomiasis Article
    • Schistosomiasis facts
    • What is schistosomiasis?
    • What causes schistosomiasis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of schistosomiasis?
    • How is schistosomiasis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for schistosomiasis?
    • When should people with schistosomiasis seek medical care?
    • What are the complications of schistosomiasis?
    • Can schistosomiasis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) for schistosomiasis?
  • Carcinoid Syndrome (Carcinoid Tumor) A carcinoid tumor is a tumor that develops from enterochromaffin cells. The important characteristic of carcinoid tumors that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Carcinoid Syndrome (Carcinoid Tumor) Article
    • Carcinoid tumor definition and facts
    • What is a carcinoid tumor?
    • What is carcinoid syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of carcinoid syndrome?
    • How common are carcinoid tumors and carcinoid syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis and natural history of carcinoid tumors?
    • Where do carcinoid tumors occur?
    • Which specialties of doctors treat carcinoid syndrome?
    • How are carcinoid tumors and carcinoid syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for carcinoid tumors and carcinoid syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis and survival rate for someone with carcinoid tumors?
  • Is E. coli Contagious? E. coli is an infection found worldwide. There are several subtypes of the E. coli species. E. coli is transmitted from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is E. coli Contagious? Article
    • What is E. coli?
    • Is E. coli contagious?
    • When will I know I'm infected with E. coli?
    • How does E. coli spread?
    • When do I know I'm cured of E. coli?
    • When should I contact a doctor about an E. coli infection?
  • Encopresis Encopresis is a type of elimination disorder in which bowel movements are passed into places other than the toilet. Children with...learn more »
    In This Article
    Encopresis Article
    • Elimination disorders in children facts
    • What are elimination disorders in children?
    • What are the risk factors and causes of constipation and encopresis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of constipation?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of encopresis?
    • How are elimination disorders diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for elimination disorders in children?
    • Can elimination disorders in children be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for children with elimination disorders?
  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a tick-borne disease that causes symptoms and signs such as fever, rash, headache, and muscle...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Article
    • Rocky Mountain spotted fever facts
    • What is Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • Where do most cases of RMSF occur in the U.S.?
    • What causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • How is Rocky Mountain spotted fever transmitted?
    • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever risk factors?
    • Is Rocky Mountain spotted fever contagious?
    • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever symptoms and signs?
    • What is the incubation period for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • How do health-care providers diagnose Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What is the treatment for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What is the prognosis of Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • What are the long-term effects of Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • Is there a vaccine for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
  • Pelvic Pain (in Women and Men) There are numerous causes of pelvic pain in women and men. Causes of pelvic pain in women and men include: Pelvic pain...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pelvic Pain (in Women and Men) Article
    • Facts about pelvic pain
    • What is the pelvis?
    • What is pelvic pain?
    • What other symptoms are associated with pelvic pain?
    • What are the causes of pelvic pain during pregnancy?
    • What are the causes of pelvic pain in women?
    • What are the causes of pelvic pain in women and men?
    • What are causes of pelvic pain in men?
    • When to seek medical care for pelvic pain
    • Which specialties of doctors treat pelvic pain?
    • How is pelvic pain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pelvic pain?
    • Can pelvic pain be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a person with pelvic pain?
  • Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency (EPI) Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency or EPI is a condition in which a person's pancreas can't produce or secrete certain enzymes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency (EPI) Article
    • Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) definition and facts
    • What is exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)?
    • What causes exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)?
    • What are the symptoms of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency?
    • Which specialties of doctors treat exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)?
    • How is exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)?
    • How can I help manage exocrine pancreatic insufficiency at home?
    • Can exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a person with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)?
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Children Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in children is a functional gastrointestinal disorder with symptoms of abdominal pain, bloating,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Children Article
    • Irritable bowel syndrome in children facts*
    • What is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
    • What is the GI tract?
    • How common is IBS in children?
    • What are the symptoms of IBS in children?
    • What causes IBS in children?
    • How is IBS in children diagnosed?
    • How is IBS in children treated?
    • Eating, diet, and nutrition
    • Medications
    • Probiotics
    • Therapies for Mental Health Problems
  • Brucellosis The bacteria Brucella causes brucellosis, an infectious zoonotic disease in humans. Symptoms and signs include fatigue, fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Brucellosis Article
    • Brucellosis facts
    • What is brucellosis?
    • What is the history of brucellosis?
    • What are causes of brucellosis?
    • What are risk factors for brucellosis?
    • How does brucellosis spread to humans?
    • What are symptoms and signs of brucellosis?
    • How do physicians diagnose brucellosis?
    • What are brucellosis treatments?
    • What is the prognosis of brucellosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent brucellosis? Is there a brucellosis vaccine?
  • Yellow Fever Yellow fever is an infectious disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. Side effects are rare with the yellow fever vaccine....learn more »
    In This Article
    Yellow Fever Article
    • Yellow fever facts
    • What is yellow fever? What is the history of yellow fever?
    • What causes yellow fever?
    • How is yellow fever transmitted?
    • What areas are high risk for contracting yellow fever?
    • What is the incubation period for yellow fever?
    • Is yellow fever contagious? How long is the contagious period for yellow fever?
    • What are yellow fever symptoms and signs?
    • How is yellow fever diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for yellow fever?
    • How long does yellow fever last?
    • What is the prognosis for people with yellow fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent yellow fever?
    • What are the side effects of the yellow fever vaccine?
    • Where can people get more information on yellow fever?
  • Bulimia People with bulimia nervosa, an eating disorder that involves episodes of bingeing and purging, experience symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bulimia Article
    • Bulimia nervosa facts
    • What is bulimia?
    • What are causes and risk factors for bulimia?
    • What are symptoms and signs of bulimia?
    • How do physicians diagnose bulimia?
    • What is the treatment for bulimia?
    • What are complications of bulimia?
    • What is the prognosis for bulimia?
    • Is it possible to prevent bulimia?
    • Where can one find more information about bulimia?
    • Are there support groups for people with bulimia?
  • Cocaine and Crack Abuse Cocaine is an addictive stimulant that is smoked, snorted, and injected. Crack is cocaine that comes in a rock crystal that is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cocaine and Crack Abuse Article
    • Cocaine and crack abuse facts
    • What is cocaine? What is crack?
    • How is cocaine abused?
    • What are cocaine's effects on the body and the mind?
    • What causes and prevents cocaine abuse and addiction?
    • What are symptoms and signs of cocaine abuse and addiction?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose cocaine addiction?
    • What is the treatment for cocaine and crack addiction?
    • What are symptoms and signs of cocaine withdrawal?
    • What are the long-term effects and the prognosis for cocaine and crack addiction?
    • Where can people find more information about cocaine and crack abuse?
  • Is Crohn's Disease Contagious? Crohn's disease, a form of inflammatory bowel disease, is characterized by symptoms and signs that include diarrhea, fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Crohn's Disease Contagious? Article
    • What is Crohn's disease?
    • Is Crohn's disease contagious?
    • How do I know when someone has Crohn's disease?
    • How does Crohn's disease spread?
    • How will I know when someone is cured of Crohn's disease?
    • When should I contact a medical caregiver about Crohn's disease?
  • Ciguatera Poisoning Ciguatera poisoning is a type of food poisoning caused by the ciguatera toxin found in a variety of large reef fish found between...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ciguatera Poisoning Article
    • What is ciguatera poisoning?
    • What are the symptoms of ciguatera poisoning?
    • What is the treatment for ciguatera poisoning?
    • When should I see a doctor for ciguatera poisoning?
  • Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease or Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever) Ebola hemorrhagic fever (HF) is an often-fatal disease that causes fever, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, sore throat, stomach...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease or Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever) Article
    • Ebola hemorrhagic fever (Ebola virus disease) facts
    • What is Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What is the history of Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What causes Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What are risk factors for Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What are Ebola virus disease symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What is the treatment for Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What are complications of Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What is the prognosis of Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • Is it possible to prevent Ebola hemorrhagic fever? Is there a vaccine for Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
    • What is the latest research on Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
  • Hereditary Angioedema (HAE) Hereditary angioedema or HAE is a genetic disease that causes swelling of the skin and tissues beneath it. Symptoms of HAE...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hereditary Angioedema (HAE) Article
    • Hereditary angioedema (HAE) definition and facts:
    • What is hereditary angioedema (HAE)?
    • What are the symptoms of hereditary angioedema (HAE)?
    • What are the types or forms of hereditary angioedema (HAE)?
    • What causes hereditary angioedema (HAE)?
    • What triggers hereditary angioedema (HAE)?
    • What about pregnancy and hereditary angioedema (HAE)?
    • Which specialties of doctors treat hereditary angioedema (HAE)?
    • How is hereditary angioedema (HAE) diagnosed?
    • What are the treatment guidelines for hereditary angioedema (HAE)?
    • How can a person with hereditary angioedema (HAE) avoid triggers and manage the disease?
    • Tips for managing and living with hereditary angioedema (HAE)
    • What are the complications of hereditary angioedema (HAE)?
    • What is the prognosis for a person with hereditary angioedema (HAE)?
  • The Digestion Process (Organs and Functions) Digestion is the complex process of turning food you eat into the energy you need to survive. The digestive process also involves...learn more »
    In This Article
    The Digestion Process (Organs and Functions) Article
    • Digestion definition
    • What is digestion?
    • The mouth
    • The pharynx and esophagus
    • The stomach and small intestine
    • The colon, rectum, and anus
    • Three accessory digestive organs (pancreas, liver, gallbladder)
  • Is Colitis Contagious? Colitis is a term that us used to describe inflammation of the colon. The terms enteritis, proctitis, and inflammatory bowel...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Colitis Contagious? Article
    • What is colitis?
    • Is colitis contagious?
    • How will I know if I have colitis?
    • How is colitis spread?
    • When will I know I'm cured of colitis?
    • When should I contact a health-care professional about colitis?
  • Peritonitis Peritonitis is a bacterial infection inside of the abdomen. Some doctors choose to group the causes of peritonitis into five...learn more »
    In This Article
    Peritonitis Article
    • Peritonitis facts
    • What is peritonitis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of peritonitis?
    • What are the causes of peritonitis?
    • What is the most common type of peritonitis?
    • What kind of doctor treats peritonitis?
    • How is peritonitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for peritonitis?
    • What are the complications of peritonitis?
    • Can peritonitis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a person with peritonitis?
  • Weber-Christian Disease Weber-Christian disease is a rare inflammatory disease that affects the body's fat tissues. It's also known as relapsing febrile...learn more »
    In This Article
    Weber-Christian Disease Article
    • Weber-Christian disease facts
    • What is Weber-Christian disease? What are the risk factors for this disease?
    • What is panniculitis?
    • What are other symptoms of Weber-Christian disease?
    • What causes Weber-Christian disease?
    • How is Weber-Christian disease diagnosed?
    • What is the prognosis of Weber-Christian disease?
    • What is the treatment for Weber-Christian disease?
  • Cyclospora Infection (Cyclosporiasis) Cyclospora cayetanensis is a parasite that causes infection when humans ingest food contaminated with feces from an infected...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cyclospora Infection (Cyclosporiasis) Article
    • Cyclospora infection (cyclosporiasis) facts
    • What is Cyclospora infection?
    • What causes Cyclospora infection?
    • What are the risk factors for a Cyclospora infection?
    • What are the symptoms of Cyclospora infection?
    • How is Cyclospora infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of Cyclospora infections?
    • What are complications of a Cyclospora infection?
    • What is the prognosis of a Cyclospora infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent Cyclospora infections?
  • Essential Mixed Cryoglobulinemia Essential mixed cryoglobulinemia is a condition caused by abnormal blood proteins called cryoglobulins. Symptoms include joint...learn more »
    In This Article
    Essential Mixed Cryoglobulinemia Article
    • What is cryoglobulinemia?
    • What conditions are associated with cryoglobulinemia?
    • What is essential mixed cryoglobulinemia?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with essential mixed cryoglobulinemia?
    • How is essential mixed cryoglobulinemia treated?
  • Q Fever Q fever is a highly infectious disease that causes high fever, diarrhea, cough, and sweating. Infected animals may transmit Q...learn more »
    In This Article
    Q Fever Article
    • Q fever facts
    • What is Q fever?
    • Where does the name Q fever come from? What causes Q fever?
    • How does Q fever spread?
    • Who is at risk for getting Q fever?
    • Are there different forms of Q fever?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Q fever?
    • How do physicians diagnose Q fever?
    • Is Q fever deadly?
    • Is Q fever contagious?
    • What is the danger of getting Q fever while pregnant?
    • What complications may arise with Q fever?
    • What is the prognosis for Q fever?
    • If it is not Q fever, what else could it be?
    • What should people do if they have been exposed to Q fever?
    • Is there any treatment for Q fever?
    • Is there a vaccine against Q fever?
    • Is Q fever a bioterrorism threat?
    • Where can people find more information about Q fever?
  • Marburg Virus Disease Marburg virus disease is a zoonotic infection that produces symptoms such as chills, headaches, fever, and muscle aches. The...learn more »
    In This Article
    Marburg Virus Disease Article
    • Marburg virus disease facts
    • What is Marburg virus disease?
    • What causes Marburg disease?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of Marburg infection? What is the incubation period for a Marburg virus infection?
    • What are risk factors for getting Marburg infections?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose Marburg viral infections?
    • What treatment is available for Marburg virus infections?
    • What specialists treat Marburg infections?
    • Is it possible to prevent Marburg virus infections?
    • What is the prognosis for a Marburg virus infection? What complications may occur with Marburg infections?
    • What research is ongoing about Marburg virus infections?
    • Why is Africa now seeing so many cases of what were relatively rare viral diseases like Ebola and Marburg virus infections?
  • Ascariasis A parasite names Ascaris lumbricoides causes ascariasis. Symptoms and signs include: abdominal pain, abdominal swelling,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ascariasis Article
    • Ascariasis facts
    • What is ascariasis?
    • What is Ascaris lumbricoides? What do Ascaris worms look like?
    • What causes ascariasis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of an ascariasis infection?
    • What are the risk factors for developing ascariasis?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose ascariasis?
    • What is the treatment for ascariasis?
    • What type of specialists treat ascariasis?
    • Are there home remedies for ascariasis?
    • What are the complications of ascariasis?
    • What is the prognosis of ascariasis?
    • Is it possible to prevent ascariasis?
  • Is Diverticulitis Contagious? Diverticulitis is an inflammation of the diverticula or diverticulum. Diverticulitis causes are either infectious or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Diverticulitis Contagious? Article
    • What is diverticulitis?
    • Is diverticulitis contagious?
    • How will I know if I have diverticulitis?
    • How will I know if I am cured of diverticulitis?
    • When should I seek emergency medical care for diverticulitis?
  • Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) Enterovirulent Escherichia coli (E. coli) are strains of related bacteria that have a strong propensity to cause gastrointestinal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) Article
    • Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) facts
    • What are enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • What are the symptoms caused by enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • A new EEC group? (E. coli 0104:H4)
    • How do enterovirulent E. coli groups cause disease?
    • When should one seek medical care for enterovirulent E. coli infection?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli infections diagnosed?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli infections treated?
    • How is self-care at home done for enterovirulent E. coli?
    • What are the complications associated with enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)?
    • How are enterovirulent E. coli (EEC) infections prevented?
    • What are the prognoses (outcomes) of enterovirulentE. coli infections?
  • Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (Islet Cell Tumors) There are many types of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs): gastrinoma, insulinoma, glucagonoma, VIPomas, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (Islet Cell Tumors) Article
    • Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs or islet cell tumors) facts*
    • What are pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs)?
    • What are the different types of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What are risk factors for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What are signs and symptoms of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What tests do doctors use to diagnose pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What tests assess the specific type of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor?
    • What factors affect the treatment options and prognosis of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • How do doctors determine the staging of a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor?
    • How does cancer spread in the body?
    • What is metastasis?
    • What are recurrent pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What are the treatment options for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • Are there clinical trials for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What are treatments for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
    • What are treatment options for recurrent or progressive pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (islet cell tumors)?
  • IBS-D (Irrititable Bowel Syndrome with Diarrhea) IBS-D or irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea refers to IBS with diarrhea. Symptoms of IBS-D include intestinal gas...learn more »
    In This Article
    IBS-D (Irrititable Bowel Syndrome with Diarrhea) Article
    • Facts and definition of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
    • What are the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome including IBS-D?
    • What causes IBS?
    • What are the risk factors for IBS?
    • When should you seek medical care if you think you have IBS?
    • Which specialties of doctors treats IBS?
    • How is IBS diagnosed?
    • Is there a specific diet for IBS?
    • What foods should you avoid if you have IBS-D or IBS-C?
    • What home remedies and diet changes treat or soothe IBS symptoms?
    • What medications treat IBS?
    • What new medications are being developed or are in clinical trials to treat IBS-D?
    • What medications are reserved for people that do not improve with standard IBS drugs?
    • What other lifestyle changes help soothe IBS symptoms?
    • What are the complications of IBS?
    • Can IBS be prevented?
    • What is the outlook for a person with IBS?
  • Is the Stomach Flu (Gastroenteritis) Contagious? The stomach flu (gastroenteritis) refers to variety infections that occur in the GI (gastrointestinal tract). The stomach flu is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is the Stomach Flu (Gastroenteritis) Contagious? Article
    • What is the stomach flu?
    • Is the stomach flu contagious?
    • How will I know if I have the stomach flu?
    • How is stomach flu spread?
    • When will I know I'm cured of the stomach flu?
    • When should I contact a health-care professional about the stomach flu?
  • Is the Ebola Virus Contagious? Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a highly contagious disease that is transmitted through direct contact. Ebola's incubation period...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is the Ebola Virus Contagious? Article
    • What is Ebola?
    • Is Ebola contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for the Ebola virus?
    • How will I know if someone is infected with Ebola?
    • How is the Ebola virus transmitted?
    • How will I know if someone is cured of Ebola? What is the contagious period for Ebola?
    • When should I contact a medical caregiver about Ebola?