Abdominal Pain

Abdominal Pain Symptoms & Signs

Medical Author:

Related
Symptoms & Signs

Pain in the belly (abdomen) can come from conditions affecting a variety of organs. The abdomen is an anatomical area that is bounded by the lower margin of the ribs above, the pelvic bone (pubic ramus) below, and the flanks on each side. Although abdominal pain can arise from the tissues of the abdominal wall that surround the abdominal cavity (for example, skin and abdominal wall muscles), the term abdominal pain generally is used to describe pain originating from organs within the abdominal cavity (for example, beneath the skin and muscles). These organs include the stomach, small intestine, colon, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas. Occasionally, pain may be felt in the abdomen even though it is arising from organs that are close to but not within the abdominal cavity, for example, the lower lungs, the kidneys, and the uterus or ovaries. This latter type of pain is called "referred" pain because the pain, though originating outside the abdomen, is being referred to (felt) in the abdominal area.

Abdominal pain can be acute and sudden in onset, or the pain can be chronic and longstanding. Abdominal pain may be minor and of no great significance, or it can reflect a major problem involving one of the organs in the abdomen. The characteristics of the pain -- location, timing, duration, etc. are important in diagnosing its cause. Persisting abdominal pain should be evaluated by a physician.

Various causes of abdominal pain include, but are not limited to, indigestion after eating, gallstones and gallbladder inflammation (cholecystitis), pregnancy, gas, inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease), appendicitis, ulcers, gastritis, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), pancreatitis, gastroenteritis (viral or bacterial), parasite infection, endometriosis, kidney stones (nephrolithiasis), abdominal muscle injury, abdominal hernia, lactose intolerance, gluten intolerance (celiac disease), food poisoning, menstrual cramps, peritonitis, serositis, ischemic bowel disease, vasculitis, abdominal aneurysm, abdominal organ injury from trauma, and constipation.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/2/2017

Health concern on your mind? Visit the Symptom Checker.

REFERENCE:

Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.

Main Article on Abdominal Pain
Pictures, Images, Illustrations & Quizzes
Causes of Abdominal Pain
    • H. pylori (Helicobacter Pylori ) Infection Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a bacteria that causes chronic inflammation (gastritis) of the inner lining of the stomach,...learn more »
    • Abdominal Adhesions (Scar Tissue) Abdominal adhesions (scar tissue) bands of scar tissue that form between abdominal organs and tissues. Symptoms of abdominal...learn more »
      In This Article
      Abdominal Adhesions (Scar Tissue) Article
      • Abdominal adhesions facts*
      • What are abdominal adhesions?
      • What causes abdominal adhesions?
      • How can abdominal adhesions cause intestinal obstruction?
      • How can abdominal adhesions cause female infertility?
      • What are the symptoms of abdominal adhesions?
      • What are the symptoms of an intestinal obstruction?
      • How are abdominal adhesions and intestinal obstructions diagnosed?
      • How are abdominal adhesions and intestinal obstructions treated?
      • Can abdominal adhesions be prevented?
    • Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Abdominal aortic aneurysm is a ballooning or widening of the main artery (the aorta) as it courses down through the abdomen. Most...learn more »
      In This Article
      Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Article
      • Abdominal aortic aneurysm facts
      • What is an aneurysm?
      • What is an aortic aneurysm?
      • What is the thoracic and abdominal aorta?
      • Where do aortic aneurysms tend to develop?
      • What shape are most aortic aneurysms?
      • What is inside an aortic aneurysm?
      • Who is most likely to have an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
      • What are risk factors for aortic aneurysms?
      • What is the most common cause of aortic aneurysms?
      • What are other causes of aortic aneurysms?
      • What are the symptoms of an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
      • How is an abdominal aortic aneurysm diagnosed clinically?
      • What tests help in the diagnosis of an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
      • What is the natural history of abdominal aortic aneurysms?
      • What are the complications with an abdominal aortic aneurysm?
      • How are abdominal aortic aneurysms repaired?
      • What is done if an abdominal aortic aneurysm threatens to rupture?
      • What is the medical management (nonsurgical management) of abdominal aortic aneurysm?
    • Abdominal Migraines in Children and Adults Abdominal migraine in adults and children is a variant of migraine headaches. Abdominal migraine in children generally occurs in...learn more »
      In This Article
      Abdominal Migraines in Children and Adults Article
      • Abdominal migraine in children facts
      • What is abdominal migraine?
      • What causes abdominal migraine?
      • What are the symptoms of abdominal migraine?
      • How is abdominal migraine diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment of abdominal migraine?
      • Medications to treat abdominal migraine
      • What is the prognosis for abdominal migraine?
    • Anthrax Anthrax is a deadly infectious disease that may be transmitted to humans by infected animals or by biological warfare. There are...learn more »
      In This Article
      Anthrax Article
      • Anthrax facts
      • What is anthrax? Is anthrax contagious?
      • What causes anthrax?
      • How is anthrax contracted?
      • How common is anthrax? What are risk factors for anthrax infection?
      • How long is the incubation period with anthrax?
      • What kinds of diseases does anthrax cause? What are the signs and symptoms of anthrax infections?
      • What specialists treat anthrax?
      • How is the diagnosis made of anthrax?
      • What is the treatment for anthrax?
      • Is it possible to prevent anthrax? Is there an anthrax vaccine?
      • What is the prognosis for anthrax infections?
    • Aortic Dissection Aortic dissection is a small tear in the large blood vessel that leads from the heart and supplies blood to the body. There are...learn more »
      In This Article
      Aortic Dissection Article
      • Aortic dissection facts
      • Introduction to aortic dissection
      • What are the causes of aortic dissection?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of aortic dissection?
      • How is aortic dissection diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for aortic dissection?
      • What is the prognosis for aortic dissection?
      • Can aortic dissection be prevented?
    • Appendicitis (Symptoms, Treatments, and Surgery) Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix. Appendicitis often causes sings and symptoms such as: Abdominal pain in...learn more »
      In This Article
      Appendicitis (Symptoms, Treatments, and Surgery) Article
      • Appendicitis definition and facts
      • What is the appendix? Do we need it?
      • What is appendicitis? What causes it?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of appendicitis?
      • Is there a test to diagnose appendicitis?
      • Imaging studies to diagnosis appendicitis
      • Which specialties of doctors treat appendicitis?
      • Why can it be difficult to diagnose appendicitis?
      • What is stump appendicitis?
      • What are the complications of appendicitis?
      • What other conditions can mimic appendicitis?
      • What is the treatment for appendicitis?
      • How is an appendectomy done?
      • What are the complications of appendectomy?
      • Are there long-term consequences of appendectomy?
      • What is new about appendicitis?
    • Arsenic Poisoning Arsenic comes in two forms, inorganic and organic. Organic arsenic poisoning is usually not poisonous to humans; however,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Arsenic Poisoning Article
      • Arsenic facts
      • What is arsenic?
      • What is inorganic arsenic?
      • What is organic arsenic?
      • What are the symptoms of arsenic poisoning?
      • How is arsenic poisoning diagnosed?
      • How is arsenic poisoning treated?
      • What is the prognosis (outcome) of arsenic poisoning?
      • In what foods (rice), products (apple juice), or liquids (water) is arsenic found, where it is used, and what are safe limits?
    • Ascariasis A parasite names Ascaris lumbricoides causes ascariasis. Symptoms and signs include: abdominal pain, abdominal swelling,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Ascariasis Article
      • Ascariasis facts
      • What is ascariasis?
      • What is Ascaris lumbricoides? What do Ascaris worms look like?
      • What causes ascariasis?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of an ascariasis infection?
      • What are the risk factors for developing ascariasis?
      • How do health-care professionals diagnose ascariasis?
      • What is the treatment for ascariasis?
      • What type of specialists treat ascariasis?
      • Are there home remedies for ascariasis?
      • What are the complications of ascariasis?
      • What is the prognosis of ascariasis?
      • Is it possible to prevent ascariasis?
    • Bile Duct Cancer (Cholangiocarcinoma) Bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma) is a rare type of cancer that arises from cells that line the drainage system from the...learn more »
      In This Article
      Bile Duct Cancer (Cholangiocarcinoma) Article
      • What is bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma)? What are causes and risk factors for bile duct cancer?
      • What are bile duct cancer symptoms and signs?
      • How do physicians diagnose bile duct cancer?
      • What is the treatment for bile duct cancer?
      • What are the complications of bile duct cancer?
      • What is the prognosis for bile duct cancer? What is the life expectancy for bile duct cancer?
      • Is it possible to prevent bile duct cancer?
      • What are the statistics for bile duct cancer?
    • Brucellosis The bacteria Brucella causes brucellosis, an infectious zoonotic disease in humans. Symptoms and signs include fatigue, fever,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Brucellosis Article
      • Brucellosis facts
      • What is brucellosis?
      • What is the history of brucellosis?
      • What are causes of brucellosis?
      • What are risk factors for brucellosis?
      • Is brucellosis contagious? How long is brucellosis contagious?
      • What is the incubation period for brucellosis?
      • How is brucellosis transmitted to humans?
      • What are symptoms and signs of brucellosis?
      • What specialists treat brucellosis?
      • How do physicians diagnose brucellosis?
      • What are brucellosis treatments?
      • Are there home remedies for brucellosis?
      • What is the prognosis of brucellosis?
      • Is it possible to prevent brucellosis? Is there a brucellosis vaccine?
    • Carcinoid Syndrome (Carcinoid Tumor) A carcinoid tumor is a tumor that develops from enterochromaffin cells. The important characteristic of carcinoid tumors that...learn more »
      In This Article
      Carcinoid Syndrome (Carcinoid Tumor) Article
      • Carcinoid tumor definition and facts
      • What is a carcinoid tumor?
      • What is carcinoid syndrome?
      • What are the symptoms of carcinoid syndrome?
      • How common are carcinoid tumors and carcinoid syndrome?
      • What is the prognosis and natural history of carcinoid tumors?
      • Where do carcinoid tumors occur?
      • Which specialties of doctors treat carcinoid syndrome?
      • How are carcinoid tumors and carcinoid syndrome diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for carcinoid tumors and carcinoid syndrome?
      • What is the prognosis and survival rate for someone with carcinoid tumors?
    • Chagas Disease (American Trypanosomiasis or Kissing Bug Disease) Chagas disease is an infection caused by the T. cruzi parasite. Symptoms of Chagas disease include rash, swollen lymph nodes,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Chagas Disease (American Trypanosomiasis or Kissing Bug Disease) Article
      • Chagas disease (kissing bug disease) facts
      • What is Chagas disease?
      • What is the history of Chagas disease?
      • What causes Chagas disease?
      • Is Chagas disease contagious?
      • What are the risk factors for Chagas disease?
      • What are symptoms and signs of Chagas disease?
      • How do health-care professionals diagnose Chagas disease?
      • What is the treatment for Chagas disease?
      • What types of physicians treat Chagas disease?
      • Can transmission of Chagas disease be prevented with a vaccine?
      • What is the prognosis for Chagas disease?
      • What are the complications of Chagas disease?
      • What research is being done for Chagas disease?
    • Chest Pain Chest pain is a common complaint by a patient in the ER. Causes of chest pain include broken or bruised ribs, pleurisy,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Chest Pain Article
      • Chest pain facts
      • Chest pain introduction
      • What are the sources of chest pain?
      • What are the causes of chest pain?
      • How is chest pain diagnosed?
      • What is the philosophy of the approach to chest pain diagnosis?
      • What is the diagnosis and treatment for chest pain?
      • Broken or bruised ribs
      • Costochondritis
      • Pleuritis or pleurisy
      • Pneumothorax
      • Shingles
      • Pneumonia
      • Pulmonary embolism
      • Angina and heart attack (myocardial infarction)
      • Pericarditis
      • Aorta and aortic dissection
      • Esophagus and reflux esophagitis
      • Referred abdominal pain
    • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS or SEID) Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID) is a debilitating and complex disorder...learn more »
      In This Article
      Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS or SEID) Article
      • Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID) facts
      • What is chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS or SEID)?
      • What causes chronic fatigue syndrome or systemic exertional intolerance disease?
      • What are risk factors for CFS/SEID?
      • What are systemic exertion intolerance disease or chronic fatigue syndrome symptoms and signs?
      • What are CFS/SEID symptoms in men?
      • What are SEID/CFS symptoms in women?
      • How is chronic fatigue syndrome (or systemic exertion intolerance disease) diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for CFS/SEID?
      • Is there a cure for CFS/SEID?
      • What is the prognosis (outcome) for CFS/SEID?
      • Is it possible to prevent CFS/SEID?
      • Where can people find additional information about CFS/SEID?
    • Colic in Babies Colic is crying or fussing that begins suddenly, lasting for a total of three hours a day and happening more than three days a...learn more »
      In This Article
      Colic in Babies Article
      • Colic facts
      • What is colic?
      • What are colic symptoms and signs in babies?
      • What can be done to help with colic in babies?
      • What can the doctor do to help a colicky baby? What is the treatment for colic in an infant?
    • Colitis (Symptoms, Types, and Treatments) Colitis refers to inflammation of the inner lining of the colon. Symptoms of the inflammation of the colon lining include...learn more »
    • Colon Cancer Colon cancer is a malignancy that arises from the inner lining of the colon. Most, if not all, of these cancers develop from...learn more »
      In This Article
      Colon Cancer Article
      • Colon cancer facts
      • What is cancer?
      • What is the colon, and what does it do?
      • Where is the colon located?
      • How long is the human colon?
      • What is colorectal cancer?
      • What are the causes and risk factors of colon cancer?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of colon cancer?
      • What tests can be done to detect and diagnose colon cancer?
      • What are the stages of colon cancer?
      • What are the treatments for colon cancer?
      • What is the follow-up care for colon cancer?
      • What is the prognosis for patients with colorectal cancer?
      • What are colon cancer survival rates?
      • Is it possible to prevent colon cancer?
    • Constipation (Home Remedies and Medications for Relief) Constipation is defined medically as fewer than three stools per week and severe constipation as less than one stool per week....learn more »
    • Coxsackievirus Coxsackieviruses may be divided into two groups. Type A causes hand, foot, and mouth disease and conjunctivitis, while type B...learn more »
      In This Article
      Coxsackievirus Article
      • Coxsackievirus facts
      • What is a coxsackievirus?
      • What are the types of coxsackieviruses, and what can they cause?
      • Is the coxsackievirus contagious?
      • How long are coxsackieviruses contagious?
      • What is the incubation period for coxsackievirus infections?
      • What are coxsackievirus infection symptoms and signs?
      • How do people get infected with coxsackievirus?
      • What are the risk factors for coxsackievirus infection?
      • What specialists treat coxsackievirus infections?
      • How do physicians diagnose coxsackievirus infections?
      • Is there any treatment for coxsackievirus infection?
      • Is it possible to prevent coxsackievirus infections?
      • What is the prognosis of coxsackievirus infections?
    • Crohn's Disease Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disease, primarily involving the small and large intestine, but which can affect...learn more »
      In This Article
      Crohn's Disease Article
      • Crohn's disease facts
      • What is Crohn's disease?
      • What causes Crohn's disease?
      • How does Crohn's disease affect the intestines?
      • How is Crohn's disease different from ulcerative colitis?
      • What are the symptoms of Crohn's disease?
      • What are the complications of Crohn's disease?
      • How is Crohn's disease diagnosed?
      • How is Crohn's disease treated?
      • Crohn's Disease Medications
      • Anti-inflammatory medications
      • 5-ASA (mesalamine) oral medications
      • 5-ASA rectal medications (Rowasa, Canasa)
      • Corticosteroids
      • Budesonide (Entocort EC)
      • Antibiotics for Crohn's disease
      • Immuno-modulator medications
      • Azathioprine (Imuran) and 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP, Purinethol)
      • Infliximab (Remicade)
      • Adalimumab (Humira)
      • Certolizumab pegol (Cimzia)
      • Natalizumab (Tysabri)
      • Methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall)
      • Surgery in Crohn's disease
      • Are there any recommendations for diet, supplementation, or vaccinations for Crohn's disease?
      • Conclusions
    • Cystic Fibrosis Cystic fibrosis is a disease of the mucus and sweat glands. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease. The outcome of the disease...learn more »
      In This Article
      Cystic Fibrosis Article
      • Cystic fibrosis facts*
      • What is cystic fibrosis?
      • What are other names for cystic fibrosis?
      • What causes cystic fibrosis?
      • Is cystic fibrosis inherited?
      • Who is at risk for cystic fibrosis?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis?
      • How is cystic fibrosis diagnosed?
      • How is cystic fibrosis treated?
      • Living with cystic fibrosis
      • What is the outlook for cystic fibrosis?
    • Cysticercosis (Pork Tapeworm Infection) Cysticercosis is an infection caused by Taenia solium, the pork tapeworm. Symptoms include seizures, lethargy, nausea and...learn more »
      In This Article
      Cysticercosis (Pork Tapeworm Infection) Article
      • Cysticercosis (pork tapeworm infection) facts
      • What is cysticercosis?
      • What causes cysticercosis?
      • What are risk factors for cysticercosis?
      • How is cysticercosis transmitted?
      • What is the incubation period for cysticercosis?
      • Is cysticercosis contagious?
      • What are cysticercosis symptoms and signs?
      • What specialists treat cysticercosis?
      • How do health-care professionals diagnose cysticercosis?
      • What is the treatment for cysticercosis?
      • What are the complications of cysticercosis?
      • What is the prognosis of cysticercosis?
      • Is it possible to prevent cysticercosis?
    • Diabetic Ketoacidosis Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a complication of type 1 diabetes that is life threatening. If a person thinks they may have...learn more »
      In This Article
      Diabetic Ketoacidosis Article
      • Diabetic ketoacidosis facts
      • What is diabetic ketoacidosis?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis?
      • How does diabetic ketoacidosis occur?
      • Who is at risk for developing diabetic ketoacidosis?
      • What are the complications of diabetic ketoacidosis?
      • What kind of doctor treats diabetic ketoacidosis?
      • How is diabetic ketoacidosis diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for diabetic ketoacidosis?
      • Can diabetic ketoacidosis be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis for a person with diabetic ketoacidosis?
    • Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis, Diverticular Disease) Most people with diverticulosis have few if any symptoms at all. When people do experience signs and symptoms of diverticulosis...learn more »
    • Early Pregnancy Symptoms and Signs Pregnancy symptoms can vary from woman to woman, and not all women experience the same symptoms. When women do experience...learn more »
      In This Article
      Early Pregnancy Symptoms and Signs Article
      • Early pregnancy symptoms and signs facts
      • How soon do early pregnancy symptoms start?
      • Are pregnancy symptoms the same for every woman?
      • 16 signs and symptoms of early pregnancy
      • What are the later signs and symptoms and signs of pregnancy?
      • What options help soothe and relieve pregnancy symptoms?
      • Pregnancy symptoms vs. PMS (premenstrual syndrome)
    • Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease or Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever) Ebola hemorrhagic fever (HF) is an often-fatal disease that causes fever, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, sore throat, stomach...learn more »
      In This Article
      Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease or Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever) Article
      • Ebola hemorrhagic fever (Ebola virus disease) facts
      • What is Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
      • What is the history of Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
      • Is the Ebola virus contagious?
      • What causes Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
      • What are risk factors for Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
      • What are Ebola virus disease symptoms and signs?
      • What types of health care professionals treat Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
      • What is the contagious period for the Ebola virus?
      • What is the incubation period for the Ebola virus?
      • How do health care professionals diagnose Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
      • What is the medical treatment for Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
      • What are complications of Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
      • What is the prognosis of Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
      • Is it possible to prevent Ebola hemorrhagic fever? Is there an Ebola vaccine?
      • What is the latest research on Ebola hemorrhagic fever?
      • Where can people find more information about Ebola?
    • Ectopic Pregnancy An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy located outside the inner lining of the uterus. The majority of ectopic pregnancies occur in...learn more »
    • Encopresis Encopresis is a type of elimination disorder in which bowel movements are passed into places other than the toilet. Children with...learn more »
      In This Article
      Encopresis Article
      • Elimination disorders in children facts
      • What are elimination disorders in children?
      • What are the risk factors and causes of constipation and encopresis?
      • What are the symptoms and signs of constipation?
      • What are the symptoms and signs of encopresis?
      • How are elimination disorders diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for elimination disorders in children?
      • Can elimination disorders in children be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis for children with elimination disorders?
    • Endometriosis (Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, and Prognosis) Endometriosis implants are most commonly found on the ovaries, the Fallopian tubes, outer surfaces of the uterus or intestines,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Endometriosis (Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, and Prognosis) Article
      • Endometriosis definition and facts
      • What is endometriosis?
      • What are the stages of endometriosis?
      • What are the signs and symptoms endometriosis?
      • What about endometriosis and cancer risk?
      • What causes endometriosis?
      • What about endometriosis and infertility?
      • Does diet affect endometriosis?
      • Which specialties of doctors treat endometriosis?
      • Is there a test to diagnose endometriosis?
      • What is the treatment for endometriosis?
      • What medications treat endometriosis?
      • What about surgery for endometriosis?
      • Who gets endometriosis?
      • Can endometriosis be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis for a woman with endometriosis?
    • Enterovirus (Non-Polio Enterovirus Infection) Non-polio enteroviruses cause a variety of infections, including aseptic meningitis, hand, foot, and mouth disease, herpangina,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Enterovirus (Non-Polio Enterovirus Infection) Article
      • Enterovirus facts
      • What is an enterovirus?
      • What types of illnesses do enteroviruses cause?
      • What are causes and risk factors for an enterovirus infection?
      • Are enteroviruses contagious?
      • What is the incubation period for an enterovirus infection?
      • What is the contagious period for an enterovirus infection?
      • What are symptoms and signs of an enterovirus infection in children and adults?
      • How do physicians diagnose an enterovirus infection?
      • What is the treatment for an enterovirus infection?
      • What types of doctors treat enterovirus infections?
      • Non-polio enterovirus outbreaks, including enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) and 71
      • What are complications of an enterovirus infection?
      • What is the prognosis of an enterovirus infection?
      • Is it possible to prevent an enterovirus infection? Is there a vaccine for enteroviruses?
      • Where can people find more information about enterovirus infections?
    • Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency (EPI) Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency or EPI is a condition in which a person's pancreas can't produce or secrete certain enzymes...learn more »
      In This Article
      Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency (EPI) Article
      • Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) definition and facts
      • What is exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)?
      • What causes exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)?
      • What are the symptoms of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency?
      • Which specialties of doctors treat exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)?
      • How is exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)?
      • How can I help manage exocrine pancreatic insufficiency at home?
      • Can exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis for a person with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)?
    • Fatty Liver Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease occurs due to the accumulation of abnormal amounts of fat within the liver. Fatty liver most...learn more »
      In This Article
      Fatty Liver Article
      • Nonalcoholic fatty liver facts
      • What is fatty liver disease?
      • What causes nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of fatty liver?
      • How is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
      • Fatty liver and diet
      • Fatty liver, weight loss, and exercise
      • Medications and other treatment options
      • Bariatric surgery
      • Liver transplantation
      • What is the relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and cardiovascular disease?
      • What diseases are associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
      • What are the complications of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
      • Does nonalcoholic fatty liver disease occur in children?
    • Food Allergy The most common food allergies are to eggs, nuts, milk, peanuts, fish, shellfish, strawberries and tomatoes. Symptoms and signs...learn more »
      In This Article
      Food Allergy Article
      • Food allergy facts
      • What is a food allergy?
      • What causes allergic reactions to food?
      • What are food allergy symptoms and signs?
      • What are food allergy risk factors?
      • Do infants and children have problems with food allergy?
      • What are the most common food allergies?
      • What is cross-reactivity?
      • What is oral allergy syndrome?
      • What is exercise-induced food allergy?
      • What conditions have mistakenly been attributed to food allergy?
      • What conditions mimic food allergy?
      • What types of health care specialists diagnose and treat food allergies?
      • How do health care professionals diagnose food allergies? What tests do health specialists use to diagnose food allergies?
      • What is the treatment for a food allergy?
      • Are allergy shots effective in preventing or decreasing food allergy?
      • What are complications of food allergies?
      • What is the prognosis (outlook) for food allergy?
      • What research is being done on food allergies?
    • Gallbladder Pain (Gall Bladder Pain) Gallbladder pain (often misspelled "gall bladder") is generally produced by of five problems, biliary colic, cholecystitis,...learn more »
    • Gallstones Gallstones are stones that form when substances in the bile harden. Gallstones (formed in the gallbladder) can be as small as...learn more »
    • GERD (Acid Reflux, Heartburn) GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is a condition in which the acidified liquid contents of the stomach backs up into the...learn more »
      In This Article
      GERD (Acid Reflux, Heartburn) Article
      • GERD (acid reflux) facts
      • What is GERD or acid reflux?
      • What causes GERD (acid reflux)?
      • What are the symptoms of uncomplicated GERD?
      • What are the complications of GERD?
      • How is GERD or acid reflux diagnosed and evaluated?
      • Symptoms and procedures to diagnose GERD
      • GERD (acid reflux) tests
      • How is GERD (acid reflux) treated?
      • Lifestyle changes and GERD (acid reflux) diet
      • GERD (acid reflux) medications
      • GERD surgery
      • What is a reasonable approach to the management of GERD (acid reflux)?
      • What are the unresolved issues in GERD (acid reflux)?
    • Giardia Lamblia Giardiasis (Giardia lamblia) is a parasite responsible for a common form of infectious diarrhea. The parasite lives in two...learn more »
      In This Article
      Giardia Lamblia Article
      • What is giardiasis?
      • Who is at risk for giardiasis?
      • What signs and symptoms does giardiasis cause?
      • How is giardiasis diagnosed?
      • How is giardiasis treated?
      • How can giardiasis be prevented?
    • Graft Versus Host Disease (GVHD) Graft versus host disease (GVHD) is a condition that happens when immune cells from transplanted donor tissue attack the...learn more »
      In This Article
      Graft Versus Host Disease (GVHD) Article
      • Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) facts
      • What is graft-versus-host disease?
      • What causes graft-versus-host disease?
      • What are risk factors for GVHD?
      • What are graft-versus-host disease symptoms and signs? What are the types of GVHD?
      • What specialists treat GVHD?
      • What tests do health care professionals use to diagnose GVHD?
      • What are GVHD treatment options?
      • What is the prognosis of graft-versus-host disease?
      • Is it possible to prevent GVHD?
    • Hantavirus Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a disease transmitted by rodents. Symptoms include fever and muscle pain. HPS can be...learn more »
      In This Article
      Hantavirus Article
      • Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) facts
      • What is hantavirus? What is hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS)?
      • What is the history of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
      • What causes hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
      • What are risk factors for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
      • Is hantavirus contagious?
      • How long is hantavirus contagious?
      • What is the incubation period for hantavirus?
      • What are hantavirus pulmonary syndrome symptoms and signs?
      • How is hantavirus pulmonary syndrome diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
      • What specialties of doctors treat hantavirus?
      • What are complications of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
      • What is the prognosis of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
      • Is it possible to prevent hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
      • Where can people get more information on hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
    • Heart Attack Heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart attack...learn more »
      In This Article
      Heart Attack Article
      • Heart attack facts
      • What is a heart attack?
      • What causes a heart attack?
      • What are the symptoms of a heart attack?
      • What are the complications of a heart attack?
      • What are the risk factors for atherosclerosis and heart attack?
      • How to diagnose a heart attack
      • What is the treatment for heart attack?
      • What are the risk factors for heart attack in women?
      • What are the symptoms of heart attack in women and how is heart attack diagnosed?
      • How is heart attack in women treated?
      • What about hormone therapy and heart attack in women?
      • What is new in heart attack?
    • Henoch-Schonlein Purpura Henoch-Schonlein Purpura (HSP or anaphylactoid purpura), a type of blood vessel inflammation, results in rash, arthritis, and...learn more »
      In This Article
      Henoch-Schonlein Purpura Article
      • Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) facts
      • What is Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP)?
      • What causes HSP?
      • What are risk factors for HSP?
      • What are HSP symptoms and signs?
      • How is HSP diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for HSP?
      • What are complications of HSP?
      • What is the prognosis for patients with HSP?
      • Can HSP be prevented?
    • Hepatitis (Viral Hepatitis, A, B, C, D, E, G) Hepatitis is most often viral, due to infection with one of the hepatitis viruses (A, B, C, D, E, F (not confirmed), and G) or...learn more »
      In This Article
      Hepatitis (Viral Hepatitis, A, B, C, D, E, G) Article
      • Viral hepatitis facts
      • Viral hepatitis definition and overview
      • What are the common types of viral hepatitis?
      • Who is at risk for viral hepatitis?
      • What are the symptoms and signs of viral hepatitis?
      • What is acute fulminant hepatitis?
      • What is chronic viral hepatitis?
      • How is viral hepatitis diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for viral hepatitis?
      • How is viral hepatitis prevented?
      • Hepatitis Vaccinations
      • What is the prognosis of viral hepatitis?
    • Hereditary Angioedema (HAE) Hereditary angioedema or HAE is a genetic disease that causes swelling of the skin and tissues beneath it. Symptoms of HAE...learn more »
      In This Article
      Hereditary Angioedema (HAE) Article
      • Hereditary angioedema (HAE) definition and facts:
      • What is hereditary angioedema (HAE)?
      • What are the symptoms of hereditary angioedema (HAE)?
      • What are the types or forms of hereditary angioedema (HAE)?
      • What causes hereditary angioedema (HAE)?
      • What triggers hereditary angioedema (HAE)?
      • What about pregnancy and hereditary angioedema (HAE)?
      • Which specialties of doctors treat hereditary angioedema (HAE)?
      • How is hereditary angioedema (HAE) diagnosed?
      • What are the treatment guidelines for hereditary angioedema (HAE)?
      • How can a person with hereditary angioedema (HAE) avoid triggers and manage the disease?
      • Tips for managing and living with hereditary angioedema (HAE)
      • What are the complications of hereditary angioedema (HAE)?
      • What is the prognosis for a person with hereditary angioedema (HAE)?
    • Hernia A hernia occurs when an organ or piece of tissue protrudes from the space in which it is normally contained. Symptoms of a hernia...learn more »
      In This Article
      Hernia Article
      • What is an abdominal hernia?
      • What are the different types of abdominal hernias?
      • What causes an abdominal hernia?
      • What are the risk factors for a hernia?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of an abdominal hernia?
      • What types of medical professionals treat and repair hernias?
      • How do health care professionals diagnose abdominal hernias?
      • What types of surgery repair an abdominal hernia?
      • What non-surgical treatments are available for an abdominal hernia?
      • What are hernia complications?
      • What is the prognosis for an abdominal hernia?
      • Is it possible to prevent an abdominal hernia?
    • Hirschsprung Disease (Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments) Hirschsprung disease is an inherited condition that is present at birth (congenital) in which the nerves of parts of the large...learn more »
      In This Article
      Hirschsprung Disease (Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments) Article
      • Hirschsprung disease definition and facts*
      • What is Hirschsprung disease?
      • How many newborns have Hirschsprung disease?
      • Signs and symptoms of Hirschsprung disease in newborns
      • Signs and symptoms in toddlers and older children
      • What causes Hirschsprung disease? Is it inherited?
      • How is Hirschsprung disease diagnosed?
      • Surgery for Hirschsprung disease
      • What can I expect as my newborn or child recovers from surgery?
    • IBS Triggers (Prevention) Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional disease that can affect the quality of those who suffer from this condition....learn more »
      In This Article
      IBS Triggers (Prevention) Article
      • IBS triggers and prevention facts
      • What is IBS (irritable bowel syndrome)?
      • Are stress and anxiety triggers for IBS?
      • Are menstrual pain and IBS related?
      • What foods in the diet trigger constipation in IBS?
      • What foods in the diet trigger diarrhea in IBS?
      • What prescription or OTC drugs trigger IBS?
      • What are the other IBS triggers?
      • How can I prevent IBS triggers?
    • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Intestinal Problems of IBD) The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). The intestinal complications of...learn more »
      In This Article
      Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Intestinal Problems of IBD) Article
      • Inflammatory bowel disease facts
      • What is inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?
      • What are the intestinal complications of IBD?
      • Are the intestinal complications of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease different?
      • Do intestinal ulcers occur in IBD?
      • How are ulcers in IBD diagnosed and treated?
      • Does gastrointestinal bleeding occur in IBD?
      • How is gastrointestinal bleeding in IBD diagnosed and treated?
      • How do intestinal strictures form in IBD?
      • What are symptoms of intestinal strictures, and how are they diagnosed and treated?
      • What are intestinal fistulas?
      • What symptoms do fistulas cause and how are they diagnosed and treated?
      • What are fissures and how are they treated?
      • What is small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)?
      • Does colon cancer occur in IBD?
      • What should be done about polyps in IBD?
      • What is toxic megacolon and what are its causes and symptoms?
      • What kind of malabsorption occurs in IBD?
    • Intestinal Gas (Belching, Bloating, Flatulence) Gas (intestinal gas) means different things to different people. Everyone has gas and eliminates it by belching, burping, or...learn more »
      In This Article
      Intestinal Gas (Belching, Bloating, Flatulence) Article
      • Intestinal gas definition and facts
      • What causes belching or burping?
      • What causes bloating?
      • What causes and causes flatulence (gas)?
      • What foods cause gas?
      • What causes of intermittent abdominal bloating/distention?
      • Which specialties of doctors treat excessive gas, belching, bloating, and flatulence?
      • How are the causes of belching, bloating/distention, and flatulence evaluated?
      • What is the treatment for excessive intestinal gas caused by medical conditions?
      • What natural or home remedies help soothe and get rid of intestinal gas?
      • What over-the-counter (OTC) products are available to soothe and cure excessive gas?
      • What's new in intestinal gas?
    • Intussusception Intussusception is the telescoping (prolapse) of a portion of the intestine within another immediately adjacent portion of...learn more »
      In This Article
      Intussusception Article
      • Intussusception facts
      • What is intussusception?
      • What happens during intussusception?
      • Is intussusception an urgent problem?
      • Who is at greatest risk for intussusception?
      • What causes intussusception?
      • Why is rapid diagnosis of intussusception important?
      • What are the symptoms of intussusception?
      • How is intussusception diagnosed?
      • Is it necessary to operate when there is intussusception?
      • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with intussusception?
    • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a GI (gastrointestinal) disorder with signs and symptoms of: Abdominal...learn more »
      In This Article
      Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Article
      • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) definition and facts
      • What is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
      • What are IBS-D (IBS with diarrhea) and IBS-C (IBS with constipation)?
      • Are IBS (irritable bowel syndrome) and IBD (inflammatory bowel syndrome) the same disease?
      • What are the causes of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
      • Is there a test to diagnose irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
      • Which specialties of doctors treat irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
      • What is the treatment for irritable bowel syndrome?
      • What medications treat diarrhea (IBS-D) and constipation (IBS-D) in irritable bowel syndrome?
      • What medications treat pain and cramping in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
      • What other medication may help signs and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
      • Is there an irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) diet (foods to avoid, foods to eat)?
      • What is a low FODMAP diet?
      • What natural and home remedies or other lifestyle changes may help IBS symptoms and signs?
      • Is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) related to small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)?
      • What are potential complications of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
      • Is it possible to prevent irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
      • What is the prognosis for a person with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
    • Is C. diff (Clostridium difficile) Contagious? C. diff, or Clostridium difficile, is a bacteria that infects the colon. C. diff bacteria can be found on: furniture,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Is C. diff (Clostridium difficile) Contagious? Article
      • What is C. diff (Clostridium difficile)?
      • Is C. diff (Clostridium difficile) contagious?
      • How do I know if I have an infection caused by C. diff?
      • How does C diff spread?
      • How will I know if I am no longer contagious for C. diff?
      • When should I seek medical care for C. diff?
    • Is E. coli Contagious? E. coli is an infection found worldwide. There are several subtypes of the E. coli species. E. coli is transmitted from...learn more »
      In This Article
      Is E. coli Contagious? Article
      • What is E. coli?
      • Is E. coli contagious?
      • When will I know I'm infected with E. coli?
      • How does E. coli spread?
      • When do I know I'm cured of E. coli?
      • When should I contact a doctor about an E. coli infection?
    • Is Colitis Contagious? Colitis is a term that us used to describe inflammation of the colon. The terms enteritis, proctitis, and inflammatory bowel...learn more »
      In This Article
      Is Colitis Contagious? Article
      • What is colitis?
      • Is colitis contagious?
      • How will I know if I have colitis?
      • How is colitis spread?
      • When will I know I'm cured of colitis?
      • When should I contact a health-care professional about colitis?
    • Is Crohn's Disease Contagious? Crohn's disease, a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and is characterized by symptoms and signs that...learn more »
      In This Article
      Is Crohn's Disease Contagious? Article
      • What is Crohn's disease?
      • Is Crohn's disease contagious?
      • How would I know if I have Crohn's disease?
      • How does someone get Crohn's disease?
      • How will I know if I'm cured of Crohn's disease?
      • When should I contact a medical caregiver about Crohn's disease?
    • Is Norovirus Contagious? Noroviruses cause food poisoning symptoms in infected individuals. Norovirus is transmitted via direct and indirect contact....learn more »
      In This Article
      Is Norovirus Contagious? Article
      • What is norovirus?
      • Is norovirus contagious?
      • What is the contagious period for norovirus?
      • How will I know if I have norovirus?
      • How is norovirus transmitted?
      • How will I know I am cured of norovirus?
      • When should I contact a medical caregiver about norovirus?
    • Is the Ebola Virus Contagious? Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a highly contagious disease that is transmitted through direct contact. Ebola's incubation period...learn more »
      In This Article
      Is the Ebola Virus Contagious? Article
      • What is Ebola?
      • Is Ebola contagious?
      • What is the incubation period for the Ebola virus?
      • How will I know if someone is infected with Ebola?
      • How is the Ebola virus transmitted?
      • How will I know if someone is cured of Ebola? What is the contagious period for Ebola?
      • When should I contact a medical caregiver about Ebola?
    • Is the Stomach Flu Contagious? The stomach flu (gastroenteritis) refers to variety infections that occur in the GI (gastrointestinal tract). The stomach flu is...learn more »
      In This Article
      Is the Stomach Flu Contagious? Article
      • What is the stomach flu?
      • Is the stomach flu contagious?
      • How will I know if I have the stomach flu (signs and symptoms)?
      • How is stomach flu spread?
      • How long does the stomach flu last?
      • When is stomach flu contagious (how long is it contagious)?
      • How long is stomach flu contagious on surfaces?
      • When should I contact a health-care professional about the stomach flu?
    • Kidney Stones Kidney stones are solid masses of crystalline material that form in the kidneys. Symptoms of kidney stones can include pain,...learn more »
    • Lactose Intolerance Lactose intolerance is a common problem where a person's digestive system cannot digest lactose. Signs and symptoms include:...learn more »
      In This Article
      Lactose Intolerance Article
      • Lactose intolerance definition and facts
      • What is lactose intolerance?
      • What causes lactose intolerance?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of lactose intolerance?
      • What foods have lactose and should be avoided in the diet?
      • What about lactase in medications or drugs?
      • Is there test for lactose deficiency?
      • Elimination diet
      • Milk challenge
      • Breath test
      • Other tests to diagnose lactose intolerance
      • Is there a test for lactose intolerance in infants and young children?
      • What is the treatment for lactose intolerance?
      • Which specialties of doctors treat lactose intolerance?
      • What are the long-term consequences of lactose intolerance?
      • What is new in lactose intolerance?
    • Lassa Fever Lassa fever is a viral hemorrhagic fever that causes flu-like symptoms. Ribavirin is the standard treatment for Lassa fever....learn more »
      In This Article
      Lassa Fever Article
      • Lassa fever facts
      • What is Lassa fever?
      • What is the history of Lassa fever?
      • What are causes and risk factors for Lassa fever?
      • Is Lassa fever contagious? If so, what is the contagious period for Lassa fever?
      • When is Lassa fever no longer contagious?
      • What is the incubation period for Lassa fever?
      • What are Lassa fever symptoms and signs?
      • How do physicians diagnose Lassa fever?
      • What is the treatment for Lassa fever?
      • What are complications for Lassa fever?
      • What is the prognosis of Lassa fever?
      • Is it possible to prevent Lassa fever? Is there a vaccine for Lassa fever?
      • What research is being done on Lassa fever?
      • Where can people find more information on Lassa fever?
    • Leptospirosis Leptospirosis is an infectious disease that causes symptoms such as fever, headache, and chills. Treatment for leptospirosis...learn more »
      In This Article
      Leptospirosis Article
      • Leptospirosis facts
      • What is leptospirosis?
      • What causes leptospirosis?
      • Is leptospirosis contagious? What is the contagious period for leptospirosis?
      • What is the incubation period for leptospirosis?
      • What are risk factors for leptospirosis?
      • What are leptospirosis symptoms and signs?
      • What specialists treat leptospirosis?
      • How do physicians diagnose leptospirosis?
      • What is the treatment for leptospirosis?
      • What is the prognosis of leptospirosis?
      • Is a vaccine available for leptospirosis? Is it possible to prevent leptospirosis?
    • Liver (Anatomy and Function) The liver is the largest gland and organ in the body. There are a variety of liver diseases caused by liver inflammation,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Liver (Anatomy and Function) Article
      • Facts about the liver
      • What is the function of the liver?
      • What are symptoms of liver diseases?
      • What does the liver look like, and where is it located in the body?
      • Liver disease causes (fatty liver, cirrhosis, hepatitis, and infections)
      • Liver disease causes (medications, toxins, genetics, cancer, and others)
      • What kind of doctor treats liver disease?
      • How is an examination of the liver performed?
      • What is a liver biopsy?
      • Can diseases of the liver be prevented?
    • Liver Cancer Liver cancer is cancer of the liver cells (hepatocellular carcinoma) or of the ducts in the liver (cholangiocarcinoma). Liver...learn more »
      In This Article
      Liver Cancer Article
      • Liver cancer facts
      • What is liver cancer?
      • What is metastatic liver cancer?
      • What causes liver cancer?
      • What are the risk factors for liver cancer? Is liver cancer hereditary?
      • What are liver cancer symptoms and signs?
      • How is liver cancer diagnosed?
      • How is liver cancer staged?
      • What is the medical treatment for liver cancer?
      • What is the follow-up after treatment for liver cancer?
      • What is the prognosis of liver cancer? What are the survival rates for liver cancer?
      • Are there alternative and complementary therapies for liver cancer?
      • Can liver cancer be prevented?
      • Where can you learn more about liver cancer?
    • Marburg Virus Disease Marburg virus disease is a zoonotic infection that produces symptoms such as chills, headaches, fever, and muscle aches. The...learn more »
      In This Article
      Marburg Virus Disease Article
      • Marburg virus disease facts
      • What is Marburg virus disease?
      • What causes Marburg disease?
      • What are the symptoms and signs of Marburg infection? What is the incubation period for a Marburg virus infection?
      • What are risk factors for getting Marburg infections?
      • How do health-care professionals diagnose Marburg viral infections?
      • What treatment is available for Marburg virus infections?
      • What specialists treat Marburg infections?
      • Is it possible to prevent Marburg virus infections?
      • What is the prognosis for a Marburg virus infection? What complications may occur with Marburg infections?
      • What research is ongoing about Marburg virus infections?
      • Why is Africa now seeing so many cases of what were relatively rare viral diseases like Ebola and Marburg virus infections?
    • Marfan Syndrome Marfan syndrome is hereditary (genetic) condition affecting connective tissue. A person with Marfan syndrome may exhibit the...learn more »
      In This Article
      Marfan Syndrome Article
      • Marfan syndrome definition and facts*
      • What do some of the characteristics of Marfan syndrome look like (pictures)?
      • What is Marfan syndrome?
      • Who gets this syndrome?
      • What are the symptoms of Marfan syndrome?
      • What causes Marfan syndrome?
      • How is Marfan syndrome diagnosed?
      • What types of doctors treat Marfan syndrome?
      • What treatment options are available for Marfan syndrome?
      • What are some of the emotional and psychological effects of Marfan syndrome?
      • What research is being conducted on Marfan syndrome?
      • Where can people find additional information about Marfan syndrome?
    • Microscopic Colitis (Lymphocytic Colitis and Collagenous Colitis) Microscopic colitis (lymphocytic colitis and collagenous colitis) is a disease of inflammation of the colon. Microscopic colitis...learn more »
      In This Article
      Microscopic Colitis (Lymphocytic Colitis and Collagenous Colitis) Article
      • What is colitis?
      • What diseases are not colitis?
      • What is microscopic colitis?
      • What causes microscopic colitis?
      • What are the symptoms of microscopic colitis?
      • How common is microscopic colitis and who is at risk?
      • When should I seek medical care for microscopic colitis?
      • How is microscopic colitis diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for microscopic colitis?
      • Can microscopic colitis be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis of microscopic colitis?
    • Mucormycosis Mucormycosis (zygomycosis) is a fungal infection caused by Zygomycetes. Symptoms and signs include fever, headache, coughing,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Mucormycosis Article
      • Mucormycosis (zygomycosis) facts
      • What is mucormycosis?
      • What causes mucormycosis?
      • What are risk factors for mucormycosis?
      • What are symptoms and signs of mucormycosis?
      • How is mucormycosis diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment of mucormycosis?
      • What are complications of mucormycosis?
      • What is the prognosis of mucormycosis?
      • Can mucormycosis be prevented?
      • What research is being done on mucormycosis?
      • Where can people find more information on mucormycosis?
    • Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is cancer of the lymphatic system, a vital part of the body's immune system. Symptoms and signs include...learn more »
      In This Article
      Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Article
      • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) facts
      • What is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
      • What is the difference between non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Hodgkin's disease (or Hodgkin's lymphoma)?
      • What causes non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
      • What are non-Hodgkin's lymphoma risk factors?
      • What are non-Hodgkin's lymphoma symptoms and signs?
      • What kind of doctors treat non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
      • How do physicians diagnose non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
      • What are the types of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and how is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma staging determined?
      • What is the treatment for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
      • What is the prognosis and survival rate for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
      • Is it possible to prevent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
      • What is the latest research on non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
      • Where can people find more information about non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Norovirus Infection Norovirus infection causes stomach flu, or gastroenteritis. It's a very contagious illness with symptoms that include nausea and...learn more »
    • Ovarian Cancer There are many types of ovarian cancer, epithelial carcinoma is the most common. Women with a family history of ovarian cancer...learn more »
      In This Article
      Ovarian Cancer Article
      • Ovarian cancer facts
      • What is ovarian cancer?
      • Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC)
      • Ovarian low malignant potential tumor (OLMPT; borderline tumor)
      • Germ cell ovarian cancers
      • Stromal ovarian cancers
      • What are ovarian cancer statistics?
      • What are ovarian cancer risk factors?
      • What are ovarian cancer symptoms and signs?
      • How is ovarian cancer diagnosed?
      • How is ovarian cancer staging determined?
      • What is the treatment for ovarian cancer?
      • What is the survival rate and prognosis of ovarian cancer?
      • Can ovarian cancer be prevented?
      • How does one cope with ovarian cancer?
    • Ovarian Cysts Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled, sac-like structures within an ovary. Symptoms of an ovarian cysts may be: Pain in the belly...learn more »
      In This Article
      Ovarian Cysts Article
      • Ovarian cysts definition and facts
      • What are the ovaries and how big are they?
      • What are ovarian cysts?
      • What signs and symptoms are caused by ovarian cysts?
      • What are the symptoms of a ruptured ovarian cyst?
      • What causes, and what are the types of ovarian cysts?
      • Can ovarian cysts cause cancer?
      • What are the risks of ovarian cysts during pregnancy?
      • Can a woman get ovarian cysts during peri-, or postmenopause?
      • How are ovarian cysts diagnosed?
      • How can the physician decide if an ovarian cyst is dangerous?
      • What is the treatment for ovarian cysts?
      • What about surgery for ovarian cysts?
      • Which specialties of doctors treat ovarian cysts?
      • What is the prognosis for a woman with ovarian cysts?
      • Can ovarian cysts be prevented?
    • Pancreatic Cancer Pancreatic cancer is a malignant tumor of the pancreas. Pancreatic cancer has been called a "silent" disease because early...learn more »
      In This Article
      Pancreatic Cancer Article
      • Pancreatic cancer facts
      • What does a pancreas do?
      • What is cancer?
      • What is pancreatic cancer and its types?
      • What are pancreatic cancer causes and risk factors?
      • What are pancreatic cancer symptoms and signs?
      • How is the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer made?
      • How is pancreatic cancer staged?
      • What is the treatment for resectable pancreatic cancer?
      • What is the treatment for locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer?
      • What is the treatment for metastatic pancreatic cancer?
      • What are the side effects of pancreatic cancer treatment?
      • What is the survival rate with pancreatic cancer?
      • What research is being done on pancreatic cancer?
      • Is complimentary or alternative medicine effective in pancreatic cancer treatment?
      • Is it possible to prevent pancreatic cancer?
      • Where can people get support when coping with pancreatic cancer?
      • Where can people find additional information about pancreatic cancer?
    • Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (Islet Cell Tumors) There are many types of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs): gastrinoma, insulinoma, glucagonoma, VIPomas, and...learn more »
      In This Article
      Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (Islet Cell Tumors) Article
      • Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs or islet cell tumors) facts*
      • What are pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs)?
      • What are the different types of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
      • What are risk factors for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
      • What are signs and symptoms of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
      • What tests do doctors use to diagnose pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
      • What tests assess the specific type of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor?
      • What factors affect the treatment options and prognosis of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
      • How do doctors determine the staging of a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor?
      • How does cancer spread in the body?
      • What is metastasis?
      • What are recurrent pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
      • What are the treatment options for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
      • Are there clinical trials for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
      • What are treatments for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
      • What are treatment options for recurrent or progressive pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (islet cell tumors)?
    • Pancreatitis Pancreatitis is a rare disease in which the pancreas becomes inflamed. There are two types of pancreatitis: acute and chronic....learn more »
    • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is the most common and serious complication of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), aside from...learn more »
      In This Article
      Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Article
      • Pelvic inflammatory disease facts*
      • What causes pelvic inflammatory disease?
      • How common is pelvic inflammatory disease?
      • Are some women more likely to get pelvic inflammatory disease?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease?
      • What is the treatment for pelvic inflammatory disease?
      • What should I do if I think I have an STI (sexually transmitted disease)
      • How can I keep myself from getting PID?
    • Peptic Ulcer (Stomach Ulcer) Peptic or stomach ulcers are ulcers are an ulcer in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. Ulcer formation is related...learn more »
      In This Article
      Peptic Ulcer (Stomach Ulcer) Article
      • Peptic ulcer (stomach, duodenum) definition and facts
      • What is a peptic ulcer?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of peptic ulcers?
      • What causes peptic ulcers?
      • What does a stomach ulcer look like?
      • Which specialties of doctors treat peptic ulcers?
      • How are peptic ulcers diagnosed?
      • Is there a special diet for peptic ulcer disease?
      • What is the treatment for peptic ulcers?
      • Antacids
      • H2 blockers
      • Proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs)
      • H. pylori treatment
      • What are the complications of peptic ulcers?
      • What is the prognosis for a person with peptic ulcer disease?
    • Peritonitis Peritonitis is a bacterial infection inside of the abdomen. Some doctors choose to group the causes of peritonitis into five...learn more »
      In This Article
      Peritonitis Article
      • Peritonitis facts
      • What is peritonitis?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of peritonitis?
      • What are the causes of peritonitis?
      • What is the most common type of peritonitis?
      • What kind of doctor treats peritonitis?
      • How is peritonitis diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for peritonitis?
      • What are the complications of peritonitis?
      • Can peritonitis be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis for a person with peritonitis?
    • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), also known by the name Stein-Leventhal syndrome, is a hormonal problem that causes women to...learn more »
      In This Article
      Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Article
      • Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) facts
      • What is polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)?
      • What are the symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)?
      • What causes polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)?
      • How is PCOS diagnosed?
      • What conditions or complications can be associated with PCOS?
      • What treatments are available for PCOS?
    • Porphyria Porphyria is a group of disorders that affect the nervous system, skin, or both. Porphyria is often an inherited condition that...learn more »
      In This Article
      Porphyria Article
      • Porphyria facts*
      • What is porphyria?
      • What are the types of porphyria?
      • What causes porphyria?
      • What are the symptoms of porphyria?
      • How is porphyria diagnosed?
      • How is porphyria treated?
    • Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC) Primary sclerosing cholangitis or PSC is a disease of the liver. The cause of PSC is not known. Symptoms may include itching,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC) Article
      • Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) definition
      • What causes primary sclerosing cholangitis?
      • What are the risk factors for primary sclerosing cholangitis?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of primary sclerosing cholangitis?
      • How is the diagnosis of primary sclerosing cholangitis made?
      • What is the treatment for primary sclerosing cholangitis?
      • Medications
      • Liver transplant
      • What complications are associated with primary sclerosing cholangitis?
      • Can primary sclerosing cholangitis be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis and life expectancy for a person with primary sclerosing cholangitis?
    • Q Fever Q fever is a highly infectious disease that causes high fever, diarrhea, cough, and sweating. Infected animals may transmit Q...learn more »
      In This Article
      Q Fever Article
      • Q fever facts
      • What is Q fever?
      • Where does the name Q fever come from? What causes Q fever?
      • How does Q fever spread?
      • What is the incubation period for Q fever?
      • Who is at risk for getting Q fever?
      • Are there different forms of Q fever?
      • Does pasteurization prevent the transmission of Q fever?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of Q fever?
      • What types of specialist treat Q fever?
      • How do physicians diagnose Q fever?
      • Is Q fever contagious?
      • What is the contagious period for Q fever?
      • What is the danger of getting Q fever while pregnant?
      • Is Q fever deadly?
      • What complications may arise with Q fever?
      • If it is not Q fever, what else could it be?
      • What should people do if they have been exposed to Q fever?
      • Is there any treatment for Q fever?
      • What is the prognosis for Q fever?
      • Is there a vaccine against Q fever?
      • Is Q fever a bioterrorism threat?
      • Where can people find more information about Q fever?
    • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a tick-borne disease that causes symptoms and signs such as fever, rash, headache, and muscle...learn more »
      In This Article
      Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) Article
      • Rocky Mountain spotted fever facts
      • What is Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
      • Where do most cases of RMSF occur in the U.S.?
      • What causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
      • How is Rocky Mountain spotted fever transmitted?
      • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever risk factors?
      • Is Rocky Mountain spotted fever contagious?
      • What are Rocky Mountain spotted fever symptoms and signs?
      • What is the incubation period for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
      • What specialists treat Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
      • How do health-care providers diagnose Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
      • What is the treatment for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
      • What is the prognosis of Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
      • What are the long-term effects of Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
      • Is there a vaccine for Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
      • Is it possible to prevent Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
    • Rotavirus Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe diarrhea among infants and children throughout the world. Almost all children have...learn more »
      In This Article
      Rotavirus Article
      • Rotavirus infection facts
      • What is rotavirus?
      • What causes rotavirus infections?
      • Rotavirus vs. norovirus
      • What are risk factors for rotavirus infection?
      • Can adults get a rotavirus infection?
      • What is the incubation period for rotavirus?
      • What are rotavirus infection symptoms and signs?
      • Is rotavirus contagious? How long is rotavirus contagious?
      • How is rotavirus transmitted?
      • What specialists treat rotavirus infection?
      • How do health-care professionals diagnose a rotavirus infection?
      • What is the treatment for a rotavirus infection?
      • What is the prognosis of a rotavirus infection?
      • Can a vaccine prevent rotavirus infections? Are any side effects associated with the rotavirus vaccine?
    • Scarlet Fever (Scarlatina) Scarlet fever, a bacterial infection caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria, causes symptoms and signs such as fever, rash with...learn more »
      In This Article
      Scarlet Fever (Scarlatina) Article
      • Scarlet fever facts
      • What is scarlet fever?
      • What causes scarlet fever?
      • What is the incubation period for scarlet fever?
      • What are risk factors for scarlet fever?
      • What is the contagious period for scarlet fever?
      • What are scarlet fever symptoms and signs?
      • How do physicians diagnose scarlet fever?
      • What is the treatment for scarlet fever?
      • What are complications of scarlet fever?
      • What is the prognosis of scarlet fever? What are the long-term effects of scarlet fever?
      • Is it possible to prevent scarlet fever? Is there a scarlet fever vaccine?
    • Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs) When you are pregnant, many sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can be especially harmful to you and your baby. These STDs...learn more »
      In This Article
      Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs) Article
      • Pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, commonly called STDs
      • STDs include
      • What are the symptoms of STDs?
      • How can STDs affect my pregnancy?
      • How can I find out if I have an STD?
      • How are STDs treated in pregnancy?
      • How can I protect myself from STDs?
      • How can I prevent spreading a STD?
    • Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STD) Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are infections that are transmitted during any type of sexual exposure, including...learn more »
      In This Article
      Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STD) Article
      • Sexually transmitted disease (STD) definition and facts
      • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
      • 1. Gonorrhea
      • 2. Chlamydia
      • 4. Syphilis
      • 5. Genital herpes
      • 6. Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) and genital warts
      • 7. Chancroid
      • 8. Pubic lice and scabies (ectoparasitic infections)
      • 9. HIV and AIDS
      • 10. Hepatitis B
      • 11. Hepatitis C
      • 12. Zika virus
      • Which specialties of doctors treat STDs in women?
      • Conclusions
    • Shigella Shigellosis is a disease caused by the Shigella bacteria. Bloody diarrhea, stomach cramps, and fever are common symptoms. Mild...learn more »
      In This Article
      Shigella Article
      • Shigellosis facts*
      • What is shigellosis?
      • What are the symptoms of Shigella?
      • How long after infection do symptoms appear?
      • How long will symptoms last?
      • Can there be any complications from Shigella infections?
      • How can Shigella infections be diagnosed?
      • How can Shigella infections be treated?
      • Is antibiotic resistance a problem with Shigella?
      • How will I know if I have an antibiotic-resistant Shigella infection?
      • What should I do if I have an antibiotic-resistant Shigella infection?
      • How can we reduce the spread of antibiotic-resistant Shigella?
      • How is Shigella spread?
      • How can I reduce my risk of getting shigellosis?
      • I was diagnosed with shigellosis. What can I do to avoid giving it to other people?
      • My child was diagnosed with shigellosis. How can I keep others from catching it?
      • Should an infected person be excluded from school or work?
      • What else can be done to prevent shigellosis?
      • What can be done if an outbreak of Shigella occurs in the childcare setting?
      • People at Risk
      • Incidence
    • Sprains and Strains An injury to a ligament is called a sprain, and an injury to muscle or tendon is called a strain. Sprains and strains may be...learn more »
      In This Article
      Sprains and Strains Article
      • Sprains and strains facts
      • What is the difference between a sprain and a strain?
      • What causes a sprain or strain?
      • Where do sprains and strains usually occur?
      • What are sprain symptoms and signs?
      • How are sprains and strains diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for sprains and strains?
      • What is the recovery time for sprains and strains?
      • Is it possible to prevent sprains and strains?
      • What is the prognosis of sprains and strains?
      • Where can people find more information about sprains and strains?
    • STDs in Men Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections transmitted during sexual contact. They may be caused by viruses, bacteria,...learn more »
      In This Article
      STDs in Men Article
      • STDS in men: Common infections and facts
      • What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
      • Who is at risk for STDs?
      • What causes STDs in men?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of STDs in men?
      • List of STDs in men
      • 1. Chlamydia
      • 2. Gonorrhea
      • 3. Trichomoniasis
      • 4. HIV
      • 5. Genital herpes
      • 6. Genital warts (HPV)
      • 7. Hepatitis
      • 8. Syphilis
      • 9. Zika virus
      • Which specialties of doctors treat STDs in Men?
      • How are STDs in men diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for STDs in men?
      • What is the prognosis for STDs in men?
      • Can STDs in men be prevented?
    • Still's Disease Still's disease (systemic-onset juvenile rheumatoid arthritis) is a disorder characterized by inflammation with high fever...learn more »
      In This Article
      Still's Disease Article
      • Still's disease facts
      • What is Still's disease?
      • What causes Still's disease?
      • What are risk factors for Still's disease?
      • How does Still's disease relate to juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
      • What are Still's disease symptoms and signs?
      • How do health-care professionals diagnose Still's disease?
      • What is the frequency of Still's disease and its features?
      • What is the treatment for Still's disease?
      • Is it possible to prevent Still's disease?
      • What types of specialists treat Still's disease?
      • What Still's disease research is being done?
      • What is the prognosis of Still's disease?
    • Stomach Cancer Though the cause of stomach cancer is unknown, risk factors for stomach cancer include diet, H. pylori infection, smoking age,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Stomach Cancer Article
      • Stomach cancer facts*
      • What is the stomach?
      • What is cancer, and how does stomach cancer spread?
      • What are risk factors and causes of stomach cancer?
      • What are symptoms of stomach cancer?
      • How is stomach cancer diagnosed?
      • How is staging determined?
      • What is the treatment for stomach cancer?
      • Surgery
      • Chemotherapy
      • Radiation therapy
      • How do I go about getting a second opinion?
      • What are some of the nutritional concerns of stomach cancer patients?
      • What are treatment options for cancer that blocks the digestive tract?
      • What follow-up care is necessary for stomach cancer patients? What about complementary and alternative medicine?
      • What support is there for cancer patients?
      • How can I take part in clinical trials for stomach cancer?
    • Stomach Flu (Gastroenteritis ) Stomach flu (gastroenteritis) is a term referred used to describe a variety of gastrointestinal problems. The most common signs...learn more »
      In This Article
      Stomach Flu (Gastroenteritis ) Article
      • Stomach flu (gastroenteritis) definition and facts
      • What is the stomach flu (gastroenteritis)?
      • Are the stomach flu (gastroenteritis) and food poisoning the same condition?
      • Are the stomach flu (gastroenteritis) and the flu (influenza) the same infection?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of stomach flu (gastroenteritis)?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of stomach flu (gastroenteritis) in children?
      • How is the stomach flu (gastroenteritis) spread?
      • Who gets the stomach flu (gastroenteritis)?
      • How long does the stomach flu (gastroenteritis) last?
      • Is stomach flu (gastroenteritis) contagious?
      • What causes stomach flu (gastroenteritis)?
      • What are the most common causes of the stomach flu (gastroenteritis)?
      • How do I know I have the stomach flu (gastroenteritis)?
      • What natural and home remedies help soothe stomach flu (gastroenteritis) symptoms?
      • What should foods are recommended to eat (diet ) when you have the stomach flu (gastroenteritis)?
      • What is the treatment for the stomach flu (gastroenteritis)?
      • Which specialties of doctors treat the stomach flu (gastroenteritis)?
      • When should I call my doctor for stomach flu (gastroenteritis)?
      • What are complications of stomach flu (gastroenteritis)?
      • Can you prevent from getting the stomach flu (gastroenteritis)?
      • What is the prognosis for a person who gets the stomach flu (gastroenteritis)?
    • Streptococcal Infections Group A streptococcal infections are caused by group A streptococcus, a bacteria that causes a variety of health problems,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Streptococcal Infections Article
      • Group A streptococcal infections facts
      • What is group A Streptococcus (GAS)?
      • How are group A streptococcal (GAS) infections contracted?
      • What diseases are caused by group A streptococcal infection?
      • Are group A strep infections contagious?
      • What is the contagious period for group A strep infections?
      • What is the incubation period for group A strep infections?
      • What are the symptoms and signs of GAS infections?
      • What is invasive group A streptococcal disease? Who is most at risk for getting invasive GAS disease?
      • What are the symptoms and signs of necrotizing fasciitis?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of toxic shock syndrome (TSS)?
      • How are group A streptococcal (GAS) infections diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for invasive group A streptococcal disease?
      • What specialists treat group A streptococcal infections?
      • What complications are seen with group A streptococcal infections?
      • Is it possible to prevent group A streptococcal infections?
      • What is the prognosis for group A streptococcal infections?
      • Where can people find more information about group A streptococcal infections?
    • Typhoid Fever Typhoid fever is an illness caused by the Salmonella typhi bacteria. The illness is contracted by ingesting the bacteria in...learn more »
      In This Article
      Typhoid Fever Article
      • Typhoid fever facts
      • What is typhoid fever? What is the history of typhoid fever?
      • How do patients get typhoid fever?
      • How do the bacteria cause disease, and how is it diagnosed?
      • What are the symptoms of typhoid fever?
      • What is the treatment for typhoid fever, and what is the prognosis?
      • Can typhoid fever be prevented?
    • Typhus Typhus is a disease caused by Rickettsia bacteria. Symptoms and signs include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and...learn more »
      In This Article
      Typhus Article
      • Typhus facts
      • What is typhus? Are there different types of typhus?
      • What is the history of typhus?
      • What causes typhus? How is typhus transmitted?
      • What are typhus risk factors?
      • What are typhus symptoms and signs?
      • How is typhus diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for typhus?
      • What is the prognosis of typhus?
      • Can typhus be prevented?
      • Where can people get more information about typhus?
    • Ulcerative Colitis Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammation of the colon. Symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding....learn more »
      In This Article
      Ulcerative Colitis Article
      • Ulcerative colitis facts
      • What is ulcerative colitis?
      • What causes ulcerative colitis?
      • What are the symptoms of ulcerative colitis?
      • How is the diagnosis of ulcerative colitis made?
      • What are the complications of ulcerative colitis?
      • What are the treatments for ulcerative colitis?
      • What are ulcerative colitis medications?
      • 5-ASA Compounds
      • Systemic corticosteroids (including side effects)
      • Golimumab (Simponi)
      • What are immunomodulator medications?
      • Summary of medication treatment
      • Surgery for ulcerative colitis
      • Treatment by disease severity and location (based on ACG Practice Guidelines)
      • Are there any special dietary requirements for persons with ulcerative colitis?
      • What research is being done regarding ulcerative colitis?
    • Urinary Tract Infections in Children Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are very common in children. Symptoms and signs include fever and abdominal pain. Associated...learn more »
      In This Article
      Urinary Tract Infections in Children Article
      • Urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children facts
      • What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)?
      • What causes urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children?
      • What are risk factors for UTIs in children?
      • What are symptoms and signs of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children?
      • What type of doctors treat UTIs in children?
      • What tests do health care professionals use to diagnose UTIs in children?
      • Are there any home remedies for UTIs in children?
      • How long do UTIs in children last?
      • Are UTIs in children contagious?
      • What is the treatment for UTIs in children?
      • Is it possible to prevent UTIs in children?
      • What is the prognosis for UTIs in children?
    • Uterine Growths Benign uterine growths are tissue enlargements of the female womb (uterus). Three types of benign uterine growths are uterine...learn more »
      In This Article
      Uterine Growths Article
      • What are uterine growths?
      • What are uterine fibroids?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of uterine fibroids and what do they look like?
      • How are uterine fibroids diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for uterine fibroids?
      • Surgery for uterine fibroids
      • What other medical treatments are available for uterine fibroids?
      • What is adenomyosis?
      • What are the symptoms of adenomyosis and what does it look like?
      • How is adenomyosis diagnosed?
      • How is adenomyosis treated?
      • What are uterine polyps?
      • What are the symptoms of uterine polyps and what do they look like?
      • How are uterine polyps diagnosed and treated?
    • Yellow Fever Yellow fever is an infectious disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. Side effects are rare with the yellow fever vaccine....learn more »
      In This Article
      Yellow Fever Article
      • Yellow fever facts
      • What is yellow fever? What is the history of yellow fever?
      • What causes yellow fever?
      • How is yellow fever transmitted?
      • What areas are high risk for contracting yellow fever?
      • What is the incubation period for yellow fever?
      • Is yellow fever contagious? How long is the contagious period for yellow fever?
      • What types of specialists treat yellow fever?
      • What are yellow fever symptoms and signs?
      • How do health-care professionals diagnose yellow fever?
      • What is the treatment for yellow fever?
      • How long does yellow fever last?
      • What is the prognosis for people with yellow fever?
      • Is it possible to prevent yellow fever?
      • What are the side effects of the yellow fever vaccine?
      • Where can people get more information on yellow fever?
Other Causes of Abdominal Pain
  • Bowel Infarction
  • Bowel Obstruction
  • Ileus
  • Peritonitis
Examples of Medications for Abdominal Pain


Symptoms & Signs A-Z List